BER Highlights

You are here

RSS
August 9, 2018
Complex Networks Identify Genes for Biofuel Crops
Complex Networks Identify Genes for Biofuel Crops
Biological organisms are complex systems composed of functional networks of interacting molecules and macromolecules. Complex traits (phenotypes)
June 1, 2018
Renewable Solvents Derived From Lignin Lower Waste in Biofuel Production
Renewable Solvents Derived From Lignin Lower Waste in Biofuel Production
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) represent a new class of renewable solvents derived from the conversion of lignin-derived compounds. Naturally found
April 25, 2018
Keeping Tabs on Polysulfides in Batteries
Keeping Tabs on Polysulfides in Batteries
The lithium-sulfur battery has a theoretical energy density much greater than commercial lithium-ion batteries; however, the technology exhibits
April 24, 2018
A Functional Genomics Database for Plant Microbiome Studies
A Functional Genomics Database for Plant Microbiome Studies
To facilitate crop-breeding strategies for making plants more productive on marginal lands and more tolerant of stresses such as drought and low
April 24, 2018
A Novel Method for Comparing Plant Genes
A Novel Method for Comparing Plant Genes
The water-saving characteristics developed by CAM plants allow for survival in arid climates. Plant species such as orchid, pineapple, and
April 23, 2018
A Game Changer: Protein Clustering Powered by Supercomputers
A Game Changer: Protein Clustering Powered by Supercomputers
Given an arbitrary graph or network, it is difficult to know the most efficient way to visit all of the nodes and links. A random walk gets a sense
March 26, 2018
Rewriting Resistance: Genetic Changes Increase Crops’ Biomass and Sugar Release
Rewriting Resistance: Genetic Changes Increase Crops’ Biomass and Sugar Release
Scientists at the BioEnergy Science Center used targeted engineering of plant cell wall polymers to genetically modify switchgrass and poplar,
March 26, 2018
Measuring the Glow of Plants from Below
Measuring the Glow of Plants from Below
Quantifying gross primary production (GPP) remains a major challenge in global carbon cycle research. Space-borne monitoring of solar-induced
March 19, 2018
Scaling Plant Traits Stymied by Uncertainty in Measured Global Photosynthesis
Scaling Plant Traits Stymied by Uncertainty in Measured Global Photosynthesis
An international team of researchers investigated the impact of four trait-scaling hypotheses (plant functional type, nutrient limitation,
March 19, 2018
Turning Up the Heat on Remote Research Plots Without Electricity
Turning Up the Heat on Remote Research Plots Without Electricity
The zero power warming chamber requires no electrical power for fully autonomous operation. It uses a novel system of internal and external heat
March 19, 2018
Engineering Yeast Tolerance to a Promising Biomass Deconstruction Solvent
Engineering Yeast Tolerance to a Promising Biomass Deconstruction Solvent
Biomass deconstruction using the solvent GVL has several advantages over more traditional deconstruction methods; however, biological conversion to
March 19, 2018
Saplings Survive Droughts via Storage
Saplings Survive Droughts via Storage
To test the ability of different species of tropical tree saplings to avoid dehydration during severe droughts, scientists subjected potted
March 14, 2018
The Secret Lives of Cells
The Secret Lives of Cells
This work and the FoldME model provide a comprehensive, genome-scale understanding of how cells adapt under environmental stress, with statistical
March 14, 2018
Chasing Storms through Terabytes of Data
Chasing Storms through Terabytes of Data
Climate simulations create massive amounts of data (“big data”), requiring sophisticated pattern recognition. Simulations that today
March 14, 2018
Data Dive: How Microbes Handle Poor Nutrition in Tropical Soil
Data Dive: How Microbes Handle Poor Nutrition in Tropical Soil
Applying metagenomics and metaproteomics techniques along with high-performance computing at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, the team
February 28, 2018
Modified Switchgrass Has No Negative Effect on Soils
Modified Switchgrass Has No Negative Effect on Soils
Scientists at the BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) genetically modified switchgrass, a promising bioenergy crop, to produce less lignin resulting in
February 28, 2018
Discovery of a New Microbe that Produces Methane in Oxygenated Soils
Discovery of a New Microbe that Produces Methane in Oxygenated Soils
A group of scientists set out to sample microbes living in Old Woman Creek National Estuarine Research Reserve, a wetland of Lake Erie, in an
February 20, 2018
Sunlight Stimulates Microbial Respiration of Carbon in Surface Waters
Sunlight Stimulates Microbial Respiration of Carbon in Surface Waters
Photochemical processing of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) likely supplies about one-third of the carbon dioxide released from surface waters in
February 10, 2018
How Bacteria Produce Manganese Oxide Nanoparticles
How Bacteria Produce Manganese Oxide Nanoparticles
In numerous elemental cycles vital to life, Mn cycles between its reduced primarily soluble form (Mn(II)) and its oxidized insoluble forms (Mn(III
February 10, 2018
From 100,000 to 8: Representing Complex Aerosol Patterns with Far Fewer Particles
From 100,000 to 8: Representing Complex Aerosol Patterns with Far Fewer Particles
Scientists describe a new technique for constructing sparse representations of realistically complex aerosol populations from distribution moments.
February 2, 2018
Putting the P in Photosynthesis of Tropical Forests
Putting the P in Photosynthesis of Tropical Forests
While tropical forests cover only 7 percent of the Earth’s surface, they are vital to understanding the global circulation of carbon dioxide
January 16, 2018
Exploring Past, Present, and Future Water Availability Regionally, Globally
Exploring Past, Present, and Future Water Availability Regionally, Globally
Xanthos, an open-source hydrologic model written in Python, simulates historical and future global water availability on a monthly time step at a
January 16, 2018
Arctic Photosynthetic Capacity and Carbon Dioxide
Arctic Photosynthetic Capacity and Carbon Dioxide Assimilation Underestimated by Terrestrial Biosphere Models
The researchers measured the maximum carboxylation rate and maximum electron transport rate in seven species representative of the dominant
January 16, 2018
DRIFTing to Fast, Precise Data
DRIFTing to Fast, Precise Data
Researchers led by Argonne National Laboratory investigated the suitability of diffuse reflectance Fourier transform mid-infrared (DRIFT)
January 10, 2018
Remotely Predicting Leaf Age in Tropical Forests
Remotely Predicting Leaf Age in Tropical Forests
Knowing the age of leaves in a forest offers valuable information regarding the volume of carbon dioxide “consumed” by photosynthesis.