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November 21, 2018
More Designer Peptides, More Possibilities
More Designer Peptides, More Possibilities
Scientists from the University of Washington, Stanford University, and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) created a computational
November 9, 2018
Microbes Eat the Same in Labs and the Desert
Microbes Eat the Same in Labs and the Desert
Scientists can determine the structure and metabolic potential of microbial communities by established metagenomic approaches. However, linking
November 9, 2018
Diverse Biofeedstocks Have High Ethanol Yields and Offer Biorefineries Flexibility
Diverse Biofeedstocks Have High Ethanol Yields and Offer Biorefineries Flexibility
Refineries to convert biomass into fuels often rely on just one feedstock. If the refineries could accept more than one feedstock, it would greatly
November 6, 2018
Novel Soil Bacteria with Unusual Genes Synthesize Unique Antibiotic Precursors
Novel Soil Bacteria with Unusual Genes Synthesize Unique Antibiotic Precursors
As part of a study on carbon cycling in soils, researchers deeply sequenced 60 soil metagenomes across a single grassland meadow at the Angelo
October 31, 2018
Warmer Temperatures Lengthen Growing Season, Increase Plants’ Vulnerability to Frost
Warmer Temperatures Lengthen Growing Season, Increase Plants’ Vulnerability to Frost
The SPRUCE experiment is applying warming (0 to +9 degrees Celsius above ambient) and carbon dioxide (ambient and elevated) treatments to
August 22, 2018
KBase: The Department of Energy Systems Biology Knowledgebase
KBase: The Department of Energy Systems Biology Knowledgebase
KBase is an open-source, extensible community resource that enables data sharing, integration, and analysis of genomic information of microbes,
August 22, 2018
Locating the Production Site of Glucan in Grass Cell Walls
Locating the Production Site of Glucan in Grass Cell Walls
Mixed-linkage glucan (MLG), a (1,3;1,4)-β-linked glucose polymer, is important for the structural integrity of the plant and a source of
August 22, 2018
Kernels of Knowledge: How Land-Use Decisions Affect Crop Productivity
Kernels of Knowledge: How Land-Use Decisions Affect Crop Productivity
Numerous studies using statistical approaches have confirmed a link between crop yield and climate variability. A crucial assumption in these
August 9, 2018
Complex Networks Identify Genes for Biofuel Crops
Complex Networks Identify Genes for Biofuel Crops
Biological organisms are complex systems composed of functional networks of interacting molecules and macromolecules. Complex traits (phenotypes)
June 1, 2018
Renewable Solvents Derived From Lignin Lower Waste in Biofuel Production
Renewable Solvents Derived From Lignin Lower Waste in Biofuel Production
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) represent a new class of renewable solvents derived from the conversion of lignin-derived compounds. Naturally found
April 25, 2018
Keeping Tabs on Polysulfides in Batteries
Keeping Tabs on Polysulfides in Batteries
The lithium-sulfur battery has a theoretical energy density much greater than commercial lithium-ion batteries; however, the technology exhibits
April 24, 2018
A Functional Genomics Database for Plant Microbiome Studies
A Functional Genomics Database for Plant Microbiome Studies
To facilitate crop-breeding strategies for making plants more productive on marginal lands and more tolerant of stresses such as drought and low
April 24, 2018
A Novel Method for Comparing Plant Genes
A Novel Method for Comparing Plant Genes
The water-saving characteristics developed by CAM plants allow for survival in arid climates. Plant species such as orchid, pineapple, and
April 23, 2018
A Game Changer: Protein Clustering Powered by Supercomputers
A Game Changer: Protein Clustering Powered by Supercomputers
Given an arbitrary graph or network, it is difficult to know the most efficient way to visit all of the nodes and links. A random walk gets a sense
March 26, 2018
Rewriting Resistance: Genetic Changes Increase Crops’ Biomass and Sugar Release
Rewriting Resistance: Genetic Changes Increase Crops’ Biomass and Sugar Release
Scientists at the BioEnergy Science Center used targeted engineering of plant cell wall polymers to genetically modify switchgrass and poplar,
March 26, 2018
Measuring the Glow of Plants from Below
Measuring the Glow of Plants from Below
Quantifying gross primary production (GPP) remains a major challenge in global carbon cycle research. Space-borne monitoring of solar-induced
March 19, 2018
Scaling Plant Traits Stymied by Uncertainty in Measured Global Photosynthesis
Scaling Plant Traits Stymied by Uncertainty in Measured Global Photosynthesis
An international team of researchers investigated the impact of four trait-scaling hypotheses (plant functional type, nutrient limitation,
March 19, 2018
Turning Up the Heat on Remote Research Plots Without Electricity
Turning Up the Heat on Remote Research Plots Without Electricity
The zero power warming chamber requires no electrical power for fully autonomous operation. It uses a novel system of internal and external heat
March 19, 2018
Engineering Yeast Tolerance to a Promising Biomass Deconstruction Solvent
Engineering Yeast Tolerance to a Promising Biomass Deconstruction Solvent
Biomass deconstruction using the solvent GVL has several advantages over more traditional deconstruction methods; however, biological conversion to
March 19, 2018
Saplings Survive Droughts via Storage
Saplings Survive Droughts via Storage
To test the ability of different species of tropical tree saplings to avoid dehydration during severe droughts, scientists subjected potted
March 14, 2018
The Secret Lives of Cells
The Secret Lives of Cells
This work and the FoldME model provide a comprehensive, genome-scale understanding of how cells adapt under environmental stress, with statistical
March 14, 2018
Chasing Storms through Terabytes of Data
Chasing Storms through Terabytes of Data
Climate simulations create massive amounts of data (“big data”), requiring sophisticated pattern recognition. Simulations that today
March 14, 2018
Data Dive: How Microbes Handle Poor Nutrition in Tropical Soil
Data Dive: How Microbes Handle Poor Nutrition in Tropical Soil
Applying metagenomics and metaproteomics techniques along with high-performance computing at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, the team
February 28, 2018
Modified Switchgrass Has No Negative Effect on Soils
Modified Switchgrass Has No Negative Effect on Soils
Scientists at the BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) genetically modified switchgrass, a promising bioenergy crop, to produce less lignin resulting in
February 28, 2018
Discovery of a New Microbe that Produces Methane in Oxygenated Soils
Discovery of a New Microbe that Produces Methane in Oxygenated Soils
A group of scientists set out to sample microbes living in Old Woman Creek National Estuarine Research Reserve, a wetland of Lake Erie, in an