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March 14, 2018
The Secret Lives of Cells
The Secret Lives of Cells
This work and the FoldME model provide a comprehensive, genome-scale understanding of how cells adapt under environmental stress, with statistical
March 14, 2018
Chasing Storms through Terabytes of Data
Chasing Storms through Terabytes of Data
Climate simulations create massive amounts of data (“big data”), requiring sophisticated pattern recognition. Simulations that today
March 14, 2018
Data Dive: How Microbes Handle Poor Nutrition in Tropical Soil
Data Dive: How Microbes Handle Poor Nutrition in Tropical Soil
Applying metagenomics and metaproteomics techniques along with high-performance computing at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, the team
February 28, 2018
Modified Switchgrass Has No Negative Effect on Soils
Modified Switchgrass Has No Negative Effect on Soils
Scientists at the BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) genetically modified switchgrass, a promising bioenergy crop, to produce less lignin resulting in
February 28, 2018
Discovery of a New Microbe that Produces Methane in Oxygenated Soils
Discovery of a New Microbe that Produces Methane in Oxygenated Soils
A group of scientists set out to sample microbes living in Old Woman Creek National Estuarine Research Reserve, a wetland of Lake Erie, in an
February 20, 2018
Sunlight Stimulates Microbial Respiration of Carbon in Surface Waters
Sunlight Stimulates Microbial Respiration of Carbon in Surface Waters
Photochemical processing of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) likely supplies about one-third of the carbon dioxide released from surface waters in
February 10, 2018
How Bacteria Produce Manganese Oxide Nanoparticles
How Bacteria Produce Manganese Oxide Nanoparticles
In numerous elemental cycles vital to life, Mn cycles between its reduced primarily soluble form (Mn(II)) and its oxidized insoluble forms (Mn(III
February 10, 2018
From 100,000 to 8: Representing Complex Aerosol Patterns with Far Fewer Particles
From 100,000 to 8: Representing Complex Aerosol Patterns with Far Fewer Particles
Scientists describe a new technique for constructing sparse representations of realistically complex aerosol populations from distribution moments.
February 2, 2018
Putting the P in Photosynthesis of Tropical Forests
Putting the P in Photosynthesis of Tropical Forests
While tropical forests cover only 7 percent of the Earth’s surface, they are vital to understanding the global circulation of carbon dioxide
January 16, 2018
Exploring Past, Present, and Future Water Availability Regionally, Globally
Exploring Past, Present, and Future Water Availability Regionally, Globally
Xanthos, an open-source hydrologic model written in Python, simulates historical and future global water availability on a monthly time step at a
January 16, 2018
Arctic Photosynthetic Capacity and Carbon Dioxide
Arctic Photosynthetic Capacity and Carbon Dioxide Assimilation Underestimated by Terrestrial Biosphere Models
The researchers measured the maximum carboxylation rate and maximum electron transport rate in seven species representative of the dominant
January 16, 2018
DRIFTing to Fast, Precise Data
DRIFTing to Fast, Precise Data
Researchers led by Argonne National Laboratory investigated the suitability of diffuse reflectance Fourier transform mid-infrared (DRIFT)
January 10, 2018
Remotely Predicting Leaf Age in Tropical Forests
Remotely Predicting Leaf Age in Tropical Forests
Knowing the age of leaves in a forest offers valuable information regarding the volume of carbon dioxide “consumed” by photosynthesis.
December 7, 2017
Underappreciated Microbes Now Get Credit for Holding Down Two Jobs in Soil
Underappreciated Microbes Now Get Credit for Holding Down Two Jobs in Soil
The dynamic balance between inputs versus decomposition of organic materials regulates carbon cycling in the soil. Microbes are widely investigated
December 7, 2017
Designer Yeast Consumes Plant Matter and Spits Out Fatty Alcohols for Detergents and Biofuels
Designer Yeast Consumes Plant Matter and Spits Out Fatty Alcohols for Detergents and Biofuels
At the DOE Joint BioEnergy Institute, researchers significantly improved the concentration and yield of fatty alcohols produced by S.
December 6, 2017
Energy, Economy, and the Earth: The Benefits of Creating Feedback Loops
Energy, Economy, and the Earth: The Benefits of Creating Feedback Loops
Through this research, scientists learned that synchronous two-way coupling of an Earth system model with an energy-economics model can eliminate
December 4, 2017
How Grasslands Regulate Their Productivity in Response to Droughts
How Grasslands Regulate Their Productivity in Response to Droughts
Plants open and close stomata (tiny openings on plant leaves) to balance carbon dioxide uptake and water losses, while avoiding desiccation of
December 4, 2017
Building Confidence in Hydrologic Models
Building Confidence in Hydrologic Models
Following up on a first integrated hydrologic model intercomparison project several years ago, seven teams of modelers, including two teams
December 1, 2017
El Niño and Liquid Water Clouds Contribute to Antarctic Melt in 2015-2016
El Niño and Liquid Water Clouds Contribute to Antarctic Melt in 2015-2016
A large-scale and prolonged surface melt event occurred in January 2016 over the Ross Ice Shelf region of West Antarctica. Analysis of passive
November 14, 2017
Stover_Jastrow_Alaskan soil carbon stocks
The Challenge of Estimating Alaska’s Soil Carbon Stocks
Representing land surface spatial heterogeneity is a scientific challenge that is critical for designing observation schemes to reliably estimate
November 14, 2017
Bayer_Yang_Unplugging the Cellulose Bottleneck
Unplugging the Cellulose Biofuel Bottleneck
A molecular-level understanding of the resistance of cellulose to degradation is a key step toward overcoming the fundamental barrier to making
November 14, 2017
_Bayer_O’Malley_Unlocking the Potential of Fungal
How Fungal Enzymes Break Down Plant Cell Walls
Gut microbes play a major role in helping ruminants such as cows, goats, and sheep break down lignocellulose-rich plant matter in their diet.
November 14, 2017
Powell_Clemson_Fitzsimmons
Moving from Protecting Health to Protecting the Environment
Existing techniques for understanding radionuclide transport in the environment do not fully capture the 3-D complexity of transport in soil and
November 13, 2017
 Shifts in Biomass and Productivity
The Effect of Hurricanes on Puerto Rico’s Dry Forests
While there is evidence that hurricane intensity has been increasing in the Atlantic Basin over the past 30 years, the research shows that the long
November 13, 2017
Monoterpene ‘Themometer’ of Tropical Forest
A Chemical Thermometer for Tropical Forests
Tropical forests are increasingly threatened by increased temperatures that can lead to oxidative stress, but the physiological mechanisms plants