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August 31, 2017
Crystals Grow by Twisting, Aligning and  Snapping Together
Crystals Grow by Twisting, Aligning and Snapping Together
Scientists who study crystal formation and growth have long known that nanosize crystals suspended in a liquid medium often aggregate to form large
August 31, 2017
Vitamin B12 Fuels Microbial Growth
Vitamin B12 Fuels Microbial Growth
Vitamin B12 is used by all domains of life to control the production of DNA and a variety of proteins that support cellular function, but this
August 31, 2017
Carbon in  Floodplain Unlikely to Cycle into the Atmosphere
Carbon in Floodplain Unlikely to Cycle into the Atmosphere
Large amounts of carbon are stored in soils and terrestrial subsurface sediments, particularly in oxygen-limited environments such as wetlands and
August 31, 2017
Bacterial Cell Wall Changes Produce More  Fatty Molecules
Bacterial Cell Wall Changes Produce More Fatty Molecules
Microbial lipids are potential replacements for petroleum-based fuels and chemicals; however, their production often falls short of theoretical
July 21, 2017
On Track towards a Zika  Virus Vaccine
On Track towards a Zika Virus Vaccine
The research team from the Rockefeller University and Caltech, along with collaborators working in Pau da Lima, Brazil and Santa Maria Mixtequilla,
July 12, 2017
Seedlings Face Uphill Battle with Climate Change
Seedlings Face Uphill Battle with Climate Change
Climate warming is expected to promote upslope shifts in forests. However, researchers working with common gardens sown with seeds collected from
July 12, 2017
Soils Could Release Much More Carbon than Expected as Climate Warms
Soils Could Release Much More Carbon than Expected as Climate Warms
Soil organic carbon harbors three times as much carbon as Earth’s atmosphere, more than half of that below the 20-centimeter (0.66-foot)
July 12, 2017
Scientists Program Yeast to Turn Plant Sugars into Biodiesel
Scientists Program Yeast to Turn Plant Sugars into Biodiesel
The researchers used a mathematical model to identify the bottlenecks in the production of oil in the industrial yeast Yarrowia lipolytica
July 12, 2017
Weaving a Fermented Path to Nylons
Weaving a Fermented Path to Nylons
Millions of tons of nylon is produced annually requiring harsh conditions. Manufacturing nylon involves making five- and six-member ring compound
July 12, 2017
Loosening of Lignocellulose: Switchgrass and Success in Sugar Release
Loosening of Lignocellulose: Switchgrass and Success in Sugar Release
The plant cell wall is primarily made up of three biopolymers: lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose. Lignin’s complex architecture provides
July 11, 2017
Unraveling the Molecular Complexity of Cellular Machines and Environmental Processes
Unraveling the Molecular Complexity of Cellular Machines and Environmental Processes
As the highest performance mass spectrometry technique, the FTICR MS has become increasingly valuable in recent years for research applications.
July 11, 2017
Speeding Up Catalysts for Energy Storage
Speeding Up Catalysts for Energy Storage
Nature uses catalysts to generate fuels to store energy in chemical bonds. Scientists have struggled to design fuel-producing catalysts based on
June 14, 2017
The Rise of Giant Viruses
The Rise of Giant Viruses
While sifting through metagenomic sequence datasets for a U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Community Science Program project,
June 14, 2017
Grasses: The Secrets behind Their  Success
Grasses: The Secrets behind Their Success
Brachypodium distachyon is a small, rapidly growing grass that serves as a model for candidate bioenergy grasses such as Miscanthus
June 14, 2017
Mountaintop Plants and  Soils to Become Out of Sync
Mountaintop Plants and Soils to Become Out of Sync
Despite interest in how climate warming affects ecological processes, remarkably little is known about whether similar types of ecosystems respond
June 13, 2017
New Perspectives into  Arctic Cloud Phases
New Perspectives into Arctic Cloud Phases
Many Arctic clouds are mixed phase. Correctly predicting the partitioning of mass and transitions between these two phases is vital for
June 13, 2017
If a Tree Falls in the  Amazon
If a Tree Falls in the Amazon
Gaps or broken trees, known as windthrows, are a common form of tree mortality in Amazonia. Windthrows affect forest dynamics and carbon storage,
June 13, 2017
Turning Waste into Fuels, Microbial Style
Turning Waste into Fuels, Microbial Style
Almost all life on Earth relies directly or indirectly on the conversion of inorganic compounds in the environment into organic compounds that
April 28, 2017
New Software Tools  Streamline DNA Sequence Design-and-Build Process
New Software Tools Streamline DNA Sequence Design-and-Build Process
The ability to design and manufacture synthetic DNA has opened tremendous possibilities in genomic research. In addition to providing access to
April 28, 2017
Getting the Ice Right  in Global Models
Getting the Ice Right in Global Models
Recent studies showed that the NASA Global Institute for Space Studies GCM produced upper tropospheric ice water contents that exceeded an
April 28, 2017
Unraveling the  Mysteries of Arctic Clouds
Unraveling the Mysteries of Arctic Clouds
Using observational data, scientists derived three-hour averages of surface infrared cloud radiative effect (CRE; a measure of cloud insulating
April 28, 2017
Groundwater Flow Is  Key for Modeling the Global Water Cycle
Groundwater Flow Is Key for Modeling the Global Water Cycle
Using integrated hydrologic simulations that couple vegetation and land energy processes with surface and subsurface hydrology, the researchers
March 3, 2017
Earth’s Viral Diversity  Unveiled
Earth’s Viral Diversity Unveiled
Providing high-quality, publicly accessible sequence data goes hand-in-hand with developing and maintaining the databases and tools that the
March 3, 2017
Microbial Community  Interactions Drive Methane Consumption in Lakes
Microbial Community Interactions Drive Methane Consumption in Lakes
Several decades of research have demonstrated the importance of bacterial methanotrophs in carbon cycling processes of lakes, wetlands, and a
March 3, 2017
New CRISPR-Cas, Gene  Editing Systems, Discovered in Vast DNA Sequence Dataset
New CRISPR-Cas, Gene Editing Systems, Discovered in Vast DNA Sequence Dataset
Microbes heavily influence the planet’s cycles, but only a fraction have been identified. Characterizing the abundant but largely unknown