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June 14, 2017
The Rise of Giant Viruses
The Rise of Giant Viruses
While sifting through metagenomic sequence datasets for a U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Community Science Program project,
June 14, 2017
Grasses: The Secrets behind Their  Success
Grasses: The Secrets behind Their Success
Brachypodium distachyon is a small, rapidly growing grass that serves as a model for candidate bioenergy grasses such as Miscanthus
June 14, 2017
Mountaintop Plants and  Soils to Become Out of Sync
Mountaintop Plants and Soils to Become Out of Sync
Despite interest in how climate warming affects ecological processes, remarkably little is known about whether similar types of ecosystems respond
June 13, 2017
New Perspectives into  Arctic Cloud Phases
New Perspectives into Arctic Cloud Phases
Many Arctic clouds are mixed phase. Correctly predicting the partitioning of mass and transitions between these two phases is vital for
June 13, 2017
If a Tree Falls in the  Amazon
If a Tree Falls in the Amazon
Gaps or broken trees, known as windthrows, are a common form of tree mortality in Amazonia. Windthrows affect forest dynamics and carbon storage,
June 13, 2017
Turning Waste into Fuels, Microbial Style
Turning Waste into Fuels, Microbial Style
Almost all life on Earth relies directly or indirectly on the conversion of inorganic compounds in the environment into organic compounds that
April 28, 2017
New Software Tools  Streamline DNA Sequence Design-and-Build Process
New Software Tools Streamline DNA Sequence Design-and-Build Process
The ability to design and manufacture synthetic DNA has opened tremendous possibilities in genomic research. In addition to providing access to
April 28, 2017
Getting the Ice Right  in Global Models
Getting the Ice Right in Global Models
Recent studies showed that the NASA Global Institute for Space Studies GCM produced upper tropospheric ice water contents that exceeded an
April 28, 2017
Unraveling the  Mysteries of Arctic Clouds
Unraveling the Mysteries of Arctic Clouds
Using observational data, scientists derived three-hour averages of surface infrared cloud radiative effect (CRE; a measure of cloud insulating
April 28, 2017
Groundwater Flow Is  Key for Modeling the Global Water Cycle
Groundwater Flow Is Key for Modeling the Global Water Cycle
Using integrated hydrologic simulations that couple vegetation and land energy processes with surface and subsurface hydrology, the researchers
March 3, 2017
Earth’s Viral Diversity  Unveiled
Earth’s Viral Diversity Unveiled
Providing high-quality, publicly accessible sequence data goes hand-in-hand with developing and maintaining the databases and tools that the
March 3, 2017
Microbial Community  Interactions Drive Methane Consumption in Lakes
Microbial Community Interactions Drive Methane Consumption in Lakes
Several decades of research have demonstrated the importance of bacterial methanotrophs in carbon cycling processes of lakes, wetlands, and a
March 3, 2017
New CRISPR-Cas, Gene  Editing Systems, Discovered in Vast DNA Sequence Dataset
New CRISPR-Cas, Gene Editing Systems, Discovered in Vast DNA Sequence Dataset
Microbes heavily influence the planet’s cycles, but only a fraction have been identified. Characterizing the abundant but largely unknown
March 1, 2017
Underestimating Clouds
Underestimating Clouds
Feedbacks of clouds on climate change strongly influence the magnitude of global warming. Cloud feedbacks, in turn, depend on the spatial patterns
February 27, 2017
The Brown Rot Two-Step
The Brown Rot Two-Step
Wood-decomposing fungi are essential players in breaking down plant biomass in forest ecosystems and could provide important clues on how to more
February 17, 2017
Hydraulic Fluids Hospitable for Microbes
Hydraulic Fluids Hospitable for Microbes
Hydraulic fracturing uses high-pressure injection of fresh water and chemical additives deep into the earth to generate extensive fractures in the
February 16, 2017
Unlocking Peptide  Potential
Unlocking Peptide Potential
Most drugs currently approved for humans are either large proteins or small molecules. Between these two size categories are peptides. Peptides are
February 16, 2017
Soil Will Absorb Less Atmospheric Carbon than Expected This  Century
Soil Will Absorb Less Atmospheric Carbon than Expected This Century
Soil is the largest terrestrial carbon reservoir and may influence the sign and magnitude of carbon cycle–climate feedbacks. Many Earth
February 16, 2017
Mighty Microbes Roil Oceans
Mighty Microbes Roil Oceans
Oxygen minimum zones are widespread areas in the ocean. In these zones, oxygen is depleted due to the metabolic activity of microbes. Rising
February 13, 2017
ARM Data Is for the Birds
ARM Data Is for the Birds
The ARM Southern Great Plains site in Oklahoma is located in the “central flyway," one of the three main North American routes for seasonal
January 23, 2017
Bacteria’s Secret Weapon
Bacteria’s Secret Weapon
Microbes such as fungi and bacteria produce enzymes, called glycoside hydrolases, to acquire nutrients through the degradation of cellulose&mdash
January 23, 2017
Methylmercury Sleuths Armed with New Spotlight
Methylmercury Sleuths Armed with New Spotlight
Two genes, hgcA and hgcB, are essential for microbial mercury methylation. Detecting and estimating their abundance in microbes
January 23, 2017
A New World Discovered Underground
A New World Discovered Underground
The subterranean world hosts up to one fifth of all biomass, including microbial communities that drive transformations central to Earth’s
January 23, 2017
Extending the Life of Lithium-Ion Batteries
Extending the Life of Lithium-Ion Batteries
Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries are common in portable electronics and in today’s plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. One of the most
January 9, 2017
Seashell Formation Provides Understanding of Historic Oceanographic Conditions
Seashell Formation Provides Understanding of Historic Oceanographic Conditions
Foraminifera are a group of marine protozoans with a fossil record that extends back to the earliest Cambrian period, offering one of the most