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October 8, 2017
A Complex Little Alga that Lives by the Sea
A Complex Little Alga that Lives by the Sea
The intertidal zone is the area between land and sea that is sometimes concealed by high tide or revealed by low tide. As this ecosystem is in
October 8, 2017
Understanding the Rice Genome for Bioenergy Research
Understanding the Rice Genome for Bioenergy Research
For more than half of the world’s population, rice is the primary staple crop. As a grass, it is a close relative of the candidate bioenergy
September 7, 2017
Fungi: Gene Activator  Role Discovered
Fungi: Gene Activator Role Discovered
For the first time, scientists identified 6mA base modification as a widespread marker for transcriptionally active genes in early diverging fungi.
September 7, 2017
First Look at a Living  Cell Membrane
First Look at a Living Cell Membrane
Examining a living cellular membrane has remained an unsolved challenge up to this point due to the dynamic, chemically diverse, and fragile nature
September 7, 2017
High Yield Biomass Conversion Strategy  Ready for Commercialization
High Yield Biomass Conversion Strategy Ready for Commercialization
The production of renewable chemicals and biofuels must be cost-competitive with petroleum-derived equivalents to be accepted by markets. At the
September 7, 2017
Consequences of Drought  Stress on Biofuels
Consequences of Drought Stress on Biofuels
In response to the 2012 severe Midwestern drought, soluble sugar accumulated in switchgrass at significantly higher levels in comparison to non
September 7, 2017
Clay Minerals and  Metal Oxides Change How Uranium Travels Through Sediments
Clay Minerals and Metal Oxides Change How Uranium Travels Through Sediments
Uranium mobility in the subsurface depends strongly on its oxidation state, with uranium(IV) being significantly less soluble than uranium(VI).
September 7, 2017
Tundra Loses Carbon  with Rapid Permafrost Thaw
Tundra Loses Carbon with Rapid Permafrost Thaw
Seven years of experimental air and soil warming in tundra show that soil warming and permafrost thaw had a much stronger effect on carbon balance
August 31, 2017
Crystals Grow by Twisting, Aligning and  Snapping Together
Crystals Grow by Twisting, Aligning and Snapping Together
Scientists who study crystal formation and growth have long known that nanosize crystals suspended in a liquid medium often aggregate to form large
August 31, 2017
Vitamin B12 Fuels Microbial Growth
Vitamin B12 Fuels Microbial Growth
Vitamin B12 is used by all domains of life to control the production of DNA and a variety of proteins that support cellular function, but this
August 31, 2017
Carbon in  Floodplain Unlikely to Cycle into the Atmosphere
Carbon in Floodplain Unlikely to Cycle into the Atmosphere
Large amounts of carbon are stored in soils and terrestrial subsurface sediments, particularly in oxygen-limited environments such as wetlands and
August 31, 2017
Bacterial Cell Wall Changes Produce More  Fatty Molecules
Bacterial Cell Wall Changes Produce More Fatty Molecules
Microbial lipids are potential replacements for petroleum-based fuels and chemicals; however, their production often falls short of theoretical
July 21, 2017
On Track towards a Zika  Virus Vaccine
On Track towards a Zika Virus Vaccine
The research team from the Rockefeller University and Caltech, along with collaborators working in Pau da Lima, Brazil and Santa Maria Mixtequilla,
July 12, 2017
Seedlings Face Uphill Battle with Climate Change
Seedlings Face Uphill Battle with Climate Change
Climate warming is expected to promote upslope shifts in forests. However, researchers working with common gardens sown with seeds collected from
July 12, 2017
Soils Could Release Much More Carbon than Expected as Climate Warms
Soils Could Release Much More Carbon than Expected as Climate Warms
Soil organic carbon harbors three times as much carbon as Earth’s atmosphere, more than half of that below the 20-centimeter (0.66-foot)
July 12, 2017
Scientists Program Yeast to Turn Plant Sugars into Biodiesel
Scientists Program Yeast to Turn Plant Sugars into Biodiesel
The researchers used a mathematical model to identify the bottlenecks in the production of oil in the industrial yeast Yarrowia lipolytica
July 12, 2017
Weaving a Fermented Path to Nylons
Weaving a Fermented Path to Nylons
Millions of tons of nylon is produced annually requiring harsh conditions. Manufacturing nylon involves making five- and six-member ring compound
July 12, 2017
Loosening of Lignocellulose: Switchgrass and Success in Sugar Release
Loosening of Lignocellulose: Switchgrass and Success in Sugar Release
The plant cell wall is primarily made up of three biopolymers: lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose. Lignin’s complex architecture provides
July 11, 2017
Unraveling the Molecular Complexity of Cellular Machines and Environmental Processes
Unraveling the Molecular Complexity of Cellular Machines and Environmental Processes
As the highest performance mass spectrometry technique, the FTICR MS has become increasingly valuable in recent years for research applications.
July 11, 2017
Speeding Up Catalysts for Energy Storage
Speeding Up Catalysts for Energy Storage
Nature uses catalysts to generate fuels to store energy in chemical bonds. Scientists have struggled to design fuel-producing catalysts based on
June 14, 2017
The Rise of Giant Viruses
The Rise of Giant Viruses
While sifting through metagenomic sequence datasets for a U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Community Science Program project,
June 14, 2017
Grasses: The Secrets behind Their  Success
Grasses: The Secrets behind Their Success
Brachypodium distachyon is a small, rapidly growing grass that serves as a model for candidate bioenergy grasses such as Miscanthus
June 14, 2017
Mountaintop Plants and  Soils to Become Out of Sync
Mountaintop Plants and Soils to Become Out of Sync
Despite interest in how climate warming affects ecological processes, remarkably little is known about whether similar types of ecosystems respond
June 13, 2017
New Perspectives into  Arctic Cloud Phases
New Perspectives into Arctic Cloud Phases
Many Arctic clouds are mixed phase. Correctly predicting the partitioning of mass and transitions between these two phases is vital for
June 13, 2017
If a Tree Falls in the  Amazon
If a Tree Falls in the Amazon
Gaps or broken trees, known as windthrows, are a common form of tree mortality in Amazonia. Windthrows affect forest dynamics and carbon storage,