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December 7, 2017
Designer Yeast Consumes Plant Matter and Spits Out Fatty Alcohols for Detergents and Biofuels
Designer Yeast Consumes Plant Matter and Spits Out Fatty Alcohols for Detergents and Biofuels
At the DOE Joint BioEnergy Institute, researchers significantly improved the concentration and yield of fatty alcohols produced by S.
December 6, 2017
Energy, Economy, and the Earth: The Benefits of Creating Feedback Loops
Energy, Economy, and the Earth: The Benefits of Creating Feedback Loops
Through this research, scientists learned that synchronous two-way coupling of an Earth system model with an energy-economics model can eliminate
December 4, 2017
How Grasslands Regulate Their Productivity in Response to Droughts
How Grasslands Regulate Their Productivity in Response to Droughts
Plants open and close stomata (tiny openings on plant leaves) to balance carbon dioxide uptake and water losses, while avoiding desiccation of
December 4, 2017
Building Confidence in Hydrologic Models
Building Confidence in Hydrologic Models
Following up on a first integrated hydrologic model intercomparison project several years ago, seven teams of modelers, including two teams
December 1, 2017
El Niño and Liquid Water Clouds Contribute to Antarctic Melt in 2015-2016
El Niño and Liquid Water Clouds Contribute to Antarctic Melt in 2015-2016
A large-scale and prolonged surface melt event occurred in January 2016 over the Ross Ice Shelf region of West Antarctica. Analysis of passive
November 14, 2017
Stover_Jastrow_Alaskan soil carbon stocks
The Challenge of Estimating Alaska’s Soil Carbon Stocks
Representing land surface spatial heterogeneity is a scientific challenge that is critical for designing observation schemes to reliably estimate
November 14, 2017
Bayer_Yang_Unplugging the Cellulose Bottleneck
Unplugging the Cellulose Biofuel Bottleneck
A molecular-level understanding of the resistance of cellulose to degradation is a key step toward overcoming the fundamental barrier to making
November 14, 2017
_Bayer_O’Malley_Unlocking the Potential of Fungal
How Fungal Enzymes Break Down Plant Cell Walls
Gut microbes play a major role in helping ruminants such as cows, goats, and sheep break down lignocellulose-rich plant matter in their diet.
November 14, 2017
Powell_Clemson_Fitzsimmons
Moving from Protecting Health to Protecting the Environment
Existing techniques for understanding radionuclide transport in the environment do not fully capture the 3-D complexity of transport in soil and
November 13, 2017
 Shifts in Biomass and Productivity
The Effect of Hurricanes on Puerto Rico’s Dry Forests
While there is evidence that hurricane intensity has been increasing in the Atlantic Basin over the past 30 years, the research shows that the long
November 13, 2017
Monoterpene ‘Themometer’ of Tropical Forest
A Chemical Thermometer for Tropical Forests
Tropical forests are increasingly threatened by increased temperatures that can lead to oxidative stress, but the physiological mechanisms plants
November 13, 2017
Long term decomposition
Where a Leaf Lands and Lies Influences Carbon Levels in Soil for Years to Come
A team led by scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory found that the type of plant inputs (that is, root or needle litter) affected
October 23, 2017
Tree Mortality and Droughts: A Global Perspective
Tree Mortality and Droughts: A Global Perspective
About half of carbon dioxide emissions are absorbed by plants, but this service is threatened by the increasing frequency of hot droughts. One of
October 8, 2017
Discovering the Genetic Timekeepers in Bioenergy Crops
Discovering the Genetic Timekeepers in Bioenergy Crops
The timing of flowering is a key trait for biomass yield. A requirement for vernalization, the process by which prolonged cold exposure provides
October 8, 2017
New Technology Illuminates Microbial Dark Matter
New Technology Illuminates Microbial Dark Matter
There are more than 50,000 microbial genome sequences in the DOE JGI’s Integrated Microbial Genomes publicly accessible database, and many of
October 8, 2017
Tiny Green Algae Reveal Large Genomic Variation
Tiny Green Algae Reveal Large Genomic Variation
Picophytoplankton such as Ostreococcus are so small they are invisible to the naked eye. Despite their size, their global abundance means
October 8, 2017
A Complex Little Alga that Lives by the Sea
A Complex Little Alga that Lives by the Sea
The intertidal zone is the area between land and sea that is sometimes concealed by high tide or revealed by low tide. As this ecosystem is in
October 8, 2017
Understanding the Rice Genome for Bioenergy Research
Understanding the Rice Genome for Bioenergy Research
For more than half of the world’s population, rice is the primary staple crop. As a grass, it is a close relative of the candidate bioenergy
September 7, 2017
Fungi: Gene Activator  Role Discovered
Fungi: Gene Activator Role Discovered
For the first time, scientists identified 6mA base modification as a widespread marker for transcriptionally active genes in early diverging fungi.
September 7, 2017
First Look at a Living  Cell Membrane
First Look at a Living Cell Membrane
Examining a living cellular membrane has remained an unsolved challenge up to this point due to the dynamic, chemically diverse, and fragile nature
September 7, 2017
High Yield Biomass Conversion Strategy  Ready for Commercialization
High Yield Biomass Conversion Strategy Ready for Commercialization
The production of renewable chemicals and biofuels must be cost-competitive with petroleum-derived equivalents to be accepted by markets. At the
September 7, 2017
Consequences of Drought  Stress on Biofuels
Consequences of Drought Stress on Biofuels
In response to the 2012 severe Midwestern drought, soluble sugar accumulated in switchgrass at significantly higher levels in comparison to non
September 7, 2017
Clay Minerals and  Metal Oxides Change How Uranium Travels Through Sediments
Clay Minerals and Metal Oxides Change How Uranium Travels Through Sediments
Uranium mobility in the subsurface depends strongly on its oxidation state, with uranium(IV) being significantly less soluble than uranium(VI).
September 7, 2017
Tundra Loses Carbon  with Rapid Permafrost Thaw
Tundra Loses Carbon with Rapid Permafrost Thaw
Seven years of experimental air and soil warming in tundra show that soil warming and permafrost thaw had a much stronger effect on carbon balance
August 31, 2017
Crystals Grow by Twisting, Aligning and  Snapping Together
Crystals Grow by Twisting, Aligning and Snapping Together
Scientists who study crystal formation and growth have long known that nanosize crystals suspended in a liquid medium often aggregate to form large