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February 27, 2017
The Brown Rot Two-Step
The Brown Rot Two-Step
Wood-decomposing fungi are essential players in breaking down plant biomass in forest ecosystems and could provide important clues on how to more
February 17, 2017
Hydraulic Fluids Hospitable for Microbes
Hydraulic Fluids Hospitable for Microbes
Hydraulic fracturing uses high-pressure injection of fresh water and chemical additives deep into the earth to generate extensive fractures in the
February 16, 2017
Unlocking Peptide  Potential
Unlocking Peptide Potential
Most drugs currently approved for humans are either large proteins or small molecules. Between these two size categories are peptides. Peptides are
February 16, 2017
Soil Will Absorb Less Atmospheric Carbon than Expected This  Century
Soil Will Absorb Less Atmospheric Carbon than Expected This Century
Soil is the largest terrestrial carbon reservoir and may influence the sign and magnitude of carbon cycle–climate feedbacks. Many Earth
February 16, 2017
Mighty Microbes Roil Oceans
Mighty Microbes Roil Oceans
Oxygen minimum zones are widespread areas in the ocean. In these zones, oxygen is depleted due to the metabolic activity of microbes. Rising
February 13, 2017
ARM Data Is for the Birds
ARM Data Is for the Birds
The ARM Southern Great Plains site in Oklahoma is located in the “central flyway," one of the three main North American routes for seasonal
January 23, 2017
Bacteria’s Secret Weapon
Bacteria’s Secret Weapon
Microbes such as fungi and bacteria produce enzymes, called glycoside hydrolases, to acquire nutrients through the degradation of cellulose&mdash
January 23, 2017
Methylmercury Sleuths Armed with New Spotlight
Methylmercury Sleuths Armed with New Spotlight
Two genes, hgcA and hgcB, are essential for microbial mercury methylation. Detecting and estimating their abundance in microbes
January 23, 2017
A New World Discovered Underground
A New World Discovered Underground
The subterranean world hosts up to one fifth of all biomass, including microbial communities that drive transformations central to Earth’s
January 23, 2017
Extending the Life of Lithium-Ion Batteries
Extending the Life of Lithium-Ion Batteries
Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries are common in portable electronics and in today’s plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. One of the most
January 9, 2017
Seashell Formation Provides Understanding of Historic Oceanographic Conditions
Seashell Formation Provides Understanding of Historic Oceanographic Conditions
Foraminifera are a group of marine protozoans with a fossil record that extends back to the earliest Cambrian period, offering one of the most
January 9, 2017
Light Strikes Gold
Light Strikes Gold
Gold is highly stable and has other attractive features suitable for various industrial and medical applications, but controlling the size and
January 9, 2017
How Moisture Affects the Way Soil Microbes Breathe
How Moisture Affects the Way Soil Microbes Breathe
Moisture conditions in soil affect the respiration rate of heterotrophic microbes. A heterotrophic organism obtains its food and energy by taking
November 29, 2016
Make No Assumptions in  Building a Better Battery
Make No Assumptions in Building a Better Battery
Zinc-manganese oxide rechargeable batteries have been studied for more than 20 years, but the batteries usually stop working after a limited number
November 3, 2016
Natural Chemicals Transform Man-Made Particulates
Natural Chemicals Transform Man-Made Particulates
Secondary organic aerosols (SOA) are air pollutants implicated in serious health problems such as lung and heart disease. They are produced through
November 3, 2016
Scientists Rewrite Bacteria’s Genetic Code
Scientists Rewrite Bacteria’s Genetic Code
To construct a completely recoded Escherichia coli genome, the researchers first used computational tools to design a genomic sequence
September 9, 2016
Busted: Revealing Mismatches in MJO Modeling
Busted: Revealing Mismatches in MJO Modeling
The Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) is the largest element of the intraseasonal (30–90 day) variability in the tropical atmosphere.
August 26, 2016
Diverse Fungi Secrete Similar Suite of Decomposition Enzymes
Diverse Fungi Secrete Similar Suite of Decomposition Enzymes
Fungi secrete a diverse repertoire of enzymes that break down tenacious plant material. These powerful enzymes degrade plant cell wall components
August 22, 2016
The Future of Coastal Flooding
The Future of Coastal Flooding
Simulating tropical cyclone winds is challenging because they are sensitive to moist atmospheric processes such as cloud microphysics and
August 17, 2016
Determining Real Molecules in Operating Batteries
Determining Real Molecules in Operating Batteries
For the first time, researchers led by the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research have directly observed structural and chemical information at
August 10, 2016
Sugar Hitches a Ride on Sea  Spray
Sugar Hitches a Ride on Sea Spray
Scientists are interested in the composition of particles tossed into the atmosphere by sea spray, a large source of water vapor that helps to form
August 2, 2016
Estimating Global  Energy Use for Water-Related Processes
Estimating Global Energy Use for Water-Related Processes
Despite substantial efforts to quantify the interdependence of the water and energy sectors, global requirements of energy for water transport,
July 29, 2016
Estimating Rainfall
New Radars for Estimating Rainfall Installed at ARM Sites
High-quality rainfall accumulation maps are important variables used to provide initial conditions for numerical model simulations and to evaluate
July 29, 2016
Modeling Water Runoff
Modeling Choices and the Effects of Water Runoff on Plant Productivity
A team of scientists, led by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, is seeking to learn how soil moisture influences climate. The investigators
July 29, 2016
Graber New Technique
New Technique Shows Protein Changes in Intact Microbial Communities
In a study of PTM-based regulation, a collaborative team of researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, and Oak Ridge National