H2@ Scale

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U.S. Department of Energy H2@Scale logo with service mark

H2@ Scale is a concept that explores the potential for wide-scale hydrogen production and utilization in the United States to enable resiliency of the power generation and transmission sectors, while also aligning diverse multibillion dollar domestic industries, domestic competitiveness, and job creation.

Ten million metric tons of hydrogen are currently produced in the United States every year (95% of which is via centralized reforming of natural gas). Other approaches include hydrogen production from water splitting, such as electrolysis, photoelectrochemical cells, or solar thermochemical systems. The primary uses of hydrogen today are in the oil refining and ammonia industries. Other emerging applications include fuel cell vehicles, metals refining, and synthetic natural gas production.

Conceptual illustration of an H2@Scale (Hydrogen at Scale) energy system

If you are not familiar with the H2@ Scale concept, please see presentations and proceedings from our recent workshops, available below.

H2@ Scale Request for Information

DOE has issued a Request for Information (RFI) soliciting stakeholder feedback on opportunities to enable high volume production and multi-sector use of hydrogen. The objective of this RFI is to assess the domestic resources compatible with large-scale hydrogen production, as well as to identify pathways to effectively leverage these resources for near- and long-term use in major industries.

H2@ Scale CRADA Call

DOE is seeking qualified partners to participate in cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) projects with the H2@ Scale national laboratories consortium. While the 2017 call for CRADA projects has closed, additional projects may be considered pending available funds. Interested parties are encouraged to review the 2017 CRADA call on the National Renewable Energy Laboratory website, and submit applications to h2scale@ee.doe.gov.

H2@ Scale National Lab Capabilities

The capabilities of DOE's National Laboratories are a key piece in enabling the H2@ Scale vision. We are hopeful that the DOE, National Labs, and industry will continue to work together on the research and development (R&D) needed to advance H2@ Scale. View the presentations on National Laboratory capabilities that were presented at the Annual Merit Review H2@ Scale Review Session on June 9, 2017.

H2@ Scale Workshops and Events

Chicago, Illinois: August 2018

The Fuel Cell Technologies Office hosted an H2@ Scale Consortium Kick-off Meeting on August 1, 2018, in Chicago, Illinois. The objectives were to identify opportunities for hydrogen in the transportation, industrial, and power generation sectors, as well as to enable collaborations with industry, academia, and national lab stakeholders to advance H2@ Scale both nationally and regionally. The H2@ Scale Consortium now includes over 20 new CRADA projects. View the meeting presentations.

Long Beach, California: November 2017

The Fuel Cell Technologies Office organized an H2@ Scale Session at the Fuel Cell Seminar to: (1) provide an overview of current and upcoming early-stage R&D activities within H2@ Scale, including selections from the 2017 H2@ Scale CRADA Call; (2) identify opportunities to align hydrogen technologies with evolution in power generation, transmission, and transportation sectors; and (3) assess hydrogen infrastructure needs to align and enable growth of diverse industries. View the session presentations.

Houston, Texas Workshop: May 2017

The Fuel Cell Technologies Office and the University of Houston hosted an H2@ Scale Workshop on May 23–24, 2017, in Houston, Texas, to gather stakeholder feedback on early-stage R&D needs outlined in the draft H2@ Scale Roadmap, identify opportunities to align R&D needs with industry priorities and national lab capabilities, and identify regional and near-term opportunities to advance H2@ Scale. View the workshop report and presentations.

Golden, Colorado Workshop: November 2016

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory hosted the H2@ Scale Workshop on November 16–17, 2016, in Golden, Colorado, to obtain feedback from industry, regulatory bodies, utilities, and other stakeholders to identify the opportunities, challenges, and barriers for the H2@ Scale concept. View the workshop presentations.