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During phase 6 of the distributed energy project implementation process, agencies can meet federal requirements and agency goals by reporting metrics like renewable electricity use or agency-specific energy goals and targets. See 42 U.S.C. § 15852(a) for renewable energy requirements for the federal government.

Step 1: Gather Renewable Energy Data

Federal agencies, sub-agencies, and sites use the Federal Energy Management Program's Annual Energy Data Report, 2.2 Renewable Energy Data, for comprehensive reporting of each fiscal year's distributed renewable energy data including:

  • Total electricity output
  • Electric generating capacity
  • Costs (annual and initial capital)
  • Renewable energy certificates (RECs) retained.
Find Resources
See tools and publications for planning and implementing distributed energy projects.

Step 2: Determine the Source and Attributes of the Renewable Energy

How you answer the following questions determines how to report and whether your distributed energy use helps meet various requirements and goals.

  • Is your distributed energy system on federal or Indian land?
  • Is the system adjacent to the end-use or is it delivered through a utility transmission system?
  • Are you consuming the energy generated from the distributed energy system or is it being transmitted elsewhere for consumption?
  • Do you own the RECs or purchase replacement RECs for the energy produced from the distributed energy system?

Distributed energy produced on federal or Indian land and for which the agency owns the renewable energy attributes or RECs allows the agency to claim a bonus toward renewable energy requirements.

Step 3: Report Performance Annually

Section 548(a) of National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NEPCA) (42 U.S.C. 8258(a)) requires federal agencies to submit to the U.S. Department of Energy an annual report that describes activities to meet the energy management requirements of Section 543 of NECPA (42 U.S.C. 8253). See Federal Comprehensive Annual Energy Reporting Requirement for more information and consult with your agency for you reporting process.


Phase 5 of distributed energy project implementation process focuses on the construction and project performance period. See Phase 5: Construction and Performance.

Key Resources

Identifies and prioritizes renewable energy projects at a single site or across a portfolio of sites in cities, states, or countries.
Compares the combination of capital costs, operations and maintenance, performance, and fuel costs
Examines the viability of three solar technologies in the U.S. with a high-level annualized economic calculation
Guide provides a framework for federal government, private developers, and financiers to coordinate on large-scale renewable energy projects.
Feature strategies for achieving net zero energy, water, and waste in federal buildings and campuses.
Details this project structure, which uses the multiyear ESPC authority to implement distributed energy projects.
Template provides example language for agencies assembling solicitations and contracts for privately-financed, on-site solar photovoltaic systems.
Guide for federal agencies in selecting and integrating renewable energy technologies within new construction or major renovation projects.