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October 17, 2018
Shining Light on the Separation of Rare Earth Metals
Shining Light on the Separation of Rare Earth Metals
Rare earth element-containing materials are irreplaceable and used widely in technologies such as lighting, displays, biological sensors, lasers,
October 17, 2018
How to Make Soot and Stardust
How to Make Soot and Stardust
The chemical reactions behind soot particle formation have long been a mystery. The reactions, which turn gaseous hydrocarbons into a solid that
October 16, 2018
Placing Atoms for Optimum Catalysts
Placing Atoms for Optimum Catalysts
The team began with a flat piece of ruthenium metal. On top of the metal, they grew graphene, which is a one-atom-thick layer of carbon. In this
September 15, 2018
Water Plays Unexpected Role in Forming Minerals
Water Plays Unexpected Role in Forming Minerals
Knowing how minerals form is vital for subsurface energy extraction and waste storage, creating tailored catalysts, and more. Minerals can form via
September 6, 2018
Seeing Between the Atoms
Seeing Between the Atoms
For electron microscopes, the traditional approaches to improving resolution are increasing the energy of the electron beam, up to a point where
September 6, 2018
Getting an Up-Close, 3-D View of Gold Nanostars
Getting an Up-Close, 3-D View of Gold Nanostars
Gold nanostars are a class of plasmonic nanomaterials that show promise in surface-enhanced Raman scattering-based applications and hot electron
September 5, 2018
Scaling Up Single-Crystal Graphene
Scaling Up Single-Crystal Graphene
A research team used chemical vapor deposition—with a twist—to localize control of the synthesis process and allow evolutionary, or
September 5, 2018
New Electron Glasses Sharpen Our View of Atomic-Scale Features
New Electron Glasses Sharpen Our View of Atomic-Scale Features
As electronic devices shrink, more precise semiconductor synthesis and characterization are needed to improve these devices. APT can identify atom
September 5, 2018
Tuning Terahertz Beams with Nanoparticles
Tuning Terahertz Beams with Nanoparticles
The terahertz spectral window (100 gigahertz to 10 terahertz) is attracting attention for its potential use in submillimeter-wave communication and
September 5, 2018
Carbon Nanotubes Give Two Excitons for the Price of One
Carbon Nanotubes Give Two Excitons for the Price of One
Tuning the electronic properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), a process known as doping, is emerging as an effective means for
August 27, 2018
Protactinium and Its Periodic Intersection
Protactinium and Its Periodic Intersection
Researchers investigated the chemistry of protactinium to understand the impact of having the most energetic electrons in orbitals derived from
August 27, 2018
Riding the Wave of Liquid:Liquid Interfaces
Riding the Wave of Liquid:Liquid Interfaces
Decades of research have empirically shown optimal conditions for a variety of separations applications, making use of specific combinations of
August 22, 2018
Locating the Production Site of Glucan in Grass Cell Walls
Locating the Production Site of Glucan in Grass Cell Walls
Mixed-linkage glucan (MLG), a (1,3;1,4)-β-linked glucose polymer, is important for the structural integrity of the plant and a source of
August 21, 2018
Reducing Friction with an Onion-Like Carbon Material
Reducing Friction with an Onion-Like Carbon Material
In 2015, a multidisciplinary team from Argonne National Laboratory created a material consisting of graphene, nanodiamond particles, and diamond
July 18, 2018
Sugar-Coated Sheets Selectively Target Pathogens
Sugar-Coated Sheets Selectively Target Pathogens
In nature, multivalency, or the ability to bind to multiple sites at once, is important for selective binding and plays a significant role in a
July 18, 2018
Steering Light with Dynamic Lens-on-MEMS
Steering Light with Dynamic Lens-on-MEMS
An optical metasurface is a designer interface that packs together multiple materials carefully selected for their ability to control light. The
June 19, 2018
As Future Batteries, Hybrid Supercapacitors Are Super-Charged
As Future Batteries, Hybrid Supercapacitors Are Super-Charged
Capacitors are electrical components that store energy and are widely used in electronic devices. Typical supercapacitors, named for their ability
June 19, 2018
Forever Young Catalyst Reduces Diesel Emissions
Forever Young Catalyst Reduces Diesel Emissions
Decreasing fuel consumption and emissions in diesel vehicles requires end-of-tailpipe technologies. To reduce emissions of nitrogen oxide
June 19, 2018
Sense Like a Shark: Saltwater-Submersible Films
Sense Like a Shark: Saltwater-Submersible Films
Designing materials for sensors that function at peak performance in relatively harsh environments, such as saltwater, is of interest to
June 18, 2018
A Bit of Quantum Logic—What Did the Atom Say to the Quantum Dot?
A Bit of Quantum Logic—What Did the Atom Say to the Quantum Dot?
Qubits form the basis of quantum computation. Building a practical quantum computer demands two important features: the maintenance of coherent
June 18, 2018
Can You See the  Invisible Glass?
Can You See the Invisible Glass?
Most optoelectronic components and consumer display devices require glass or plastic covers for protection against the environment. Optical
May 30, 2018
How to Draw a Line Narrower Than a Cold Virus
How to Draw a Line Narrower Than a Cold Virus
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) researchers at the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences rastered a highly focused helium-ion beam through a
May 30, 2018
Changing the Surroundings Improves Catalysis
Changing the Surroundings Improves Catalysis
What if carbon dioxide could be used as a feedstock for valuable chemicals? The molecule would be turned into a hydrocarbon building block. How? By
May 23, 2018
Powering Up With a Smart Window
Powering Up With a Smart Window
Smart windows were developed in the 1970s. They are used to reduce building energy consumption by minimizing unwanted solar heating. Typically,
May 22, 2018
Remnant Superconductivity From Invisible Stripes
Remnant Superconductivity From Invisible Stripes
In the 1980s, scientists discovered that copper-oxide compounds exhibit superconductivity at higher temperatures than traditional superconductors,