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June 19, 2018
Forever Young Catalyst Reduces Diesel Emissions
Decreasing fuel consumption and emissions in diesel vehicles requires end-of-tailpipe technologies. To reduce emissions of nitrogen oxide
June 19, 2018
Sense Like a Shark: Saltwater-Submersible Films
Designing materials for sensors that function at peak performance in relatively harsh environments, such as saltwater, is of interest to
June 18, 2018
A Bit of Quantum Logic—What Did the Atom Say to the Quantum Dot?
Qubits form the basis of quantum computation. Building a practical quantum computer demands two important features: the maintenance of coherent
June 18, 2018
Can You See the Invisible Glass?
Most optoelectronic components and consumer display devices require glass or plastic covers for protection against the environment. Optical
May 30, 2018
How to Draw a Line Narrower Than a Cold Virus
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) researchers at the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences rastered a highly focused helium-ion beam through a
May 30, 2018
Changing the Surroundings Improves Catalysis
What if carbon dioxide could be used as a feedstock for valuable chemicals? The molecule would be turned into a hydrocarbon building block. How? By
May 23, 2018
Powering Up With a Smart Window
Smart windows were developed in the 1970s. They are used to reduce building energy consumption by minimizing unwanted solar heating. Typically,
May 22, 2018
Remnant Superconductivity From Invisible Stripes
In the 1980s, scientists discovered that copper-oxide compounds exhibit superconductivity at higher temperatures than traditional superconductors,
May 22, 2018
Cracking the Code of Superconductivity and Magnetism
Strongly correlated electron systems have been studied for over five decades. Scientists predicted that at high temperatures, electrons in
May 9, 2018
Huge “Thermometer” Takes Temperatures of Tiny Samples
Huge “Thermometer” Takes Temperatures of Tiny Samples
Atoms are always shaking. The higher the temperature, the more the atoms shake. In this study, scientists used a specialized instrument made by the
May 8, 2018
Water, Water, Everywhere, but How Does It Flow?
Water, Water, Everywhere, but How Does It Flow?
Viscosity is one of the most fundamental physical properties of a liquid. Yet, its atomic and molecular origins are not well understood. Recently,
April 25, 2018
Keeping Tabs on Polysulfides in Batteries
Keeping Tabs on Polysulfides in Batteries
The lithium-sulfur battery has a theoretical energy density much greater than commercial lithium-ion batteries; however, the technology exhibits
April 11, 2018
Getting Magnesium Ions to Pick Up the Pace
Getting Magnesium Ions to Pick Up the Pace
The remarkable mobility of lithium ions in solids has been a key factor in the development of commercial lithium-ion batteries. A generally
April 11, 2018
Seeing How Next-Generation Batteries Power-Up
Seeing How Next-Generation Batteries Power-Up
Batteries based on magnesium metal as the negative electrode (anode) promise much higher energy density compared to lithium-ion systems and are, at
April 11, 2018
Worm-Inspired Tough Materials
Worm-Inspired Tough Materials
Mechanical gradients are often employed in nature to prevent damage from large forces by creating a smooth transition from strong to weak
April 9, 2018
How to Turn Light Into Atomic Vibrations
How to Turn Light Into Atomic Vibrations
Light could induce desirable structural changes in thin sheets of materials. These materials could have applications ranging from data storage
April 6, 2018
Scientists demonstrated that powerful acids heal certain structural defects in synthetic films.
Superacids Are Good Medicine for Super Thin Semiconductors
The atomically thin nature of layered 2-D semiconductors gives rise to a gamut of unique physical properties, which often do not exist in
April 6, 2018
Tubular Science Improves Polymer Solar Cells
Tubular Science Improves Polymer Solar Cells
Low-cost, large-area scalability by solution processing is an important advantage of organic polymer solar cells. Typical organic solar cells,
April 6, 2018
Fast! Hard X-Ray Flash Breaks Speed Record
Fast! Hard X-Ray Flash Breaks Speed Record
To capture the fast motions of electrons that govern many chemical processes, x-ray pulses in the attosecond range are required. Two methods have
March 26, 2018
Scientists Have Overestimated Meteor Sizes
Scientists Have Overestimated Meteor Sizes
Using the high brightness, short-pulse X-ray free-electron laser at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, the team measured the speed at which
March 20, 2018
Small Poke—Huge Unexpected Response
Small Poke—Huge Unexpected Response
Weyl fermions are novel particles that were predicted to be seen in high-energy physics experiments but have not been observed. However, scientists
March 14, 2018
Predicting a New Phase of Superionic Ice
Predicting a New Phase of Superionic Ice
Possibly residing on ice-rich planets in our solar system and beyond, superionic ice is an exotic type of ice that exists at high temperature and
March 9, 2018
Not Part of the Problem
It’s Not Part of the Problem, but Part of the Solution
Rationally designed metal-binding ligands, such as bis-triazine phenanthrolines, have shown great promise for separating actinides over other
February 28, 2018
Buckyball Marries Graphene
Buckyball Marries Graphene
Charge transfer at the interface between dissimilar materials is at the heart of almost all electronic technologies such as transistors and
February 28, 2018
Atomic Movies Explain Why Perovskite Solar Cells Are More Efficient
Atomic Movies Explain Why Perovskite Solar Cells Are More Efficient
Although perovskite solar cell efficiencies have climbed above the 20 percent mark, the fundamental mechanism responsible for these efficiencies is