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Fossil Energy’s Office of Oil and Natural Gas works to maximize the value of U.S. oil and gas resources to the public and ensure responsible development and delivery through policy, research, innovation, and outreach.


Oil and Gas Research and Development

Division of Upstream Research. The Office of Oil and Natural Gas’ Division of Upstream Research promotes safety and environmental sustainability of oil and gas exploration and production. The Division provides early-stage research in upstream onshore and offshore..

Upstream: Onshore - Technological advances, many of which were supported by the Department of Energy (DOE), enabled the widespread production of natural gas and oil contained in shale formations, and have made the United States the world’s largest producer of both crude oil and natural gas. Today, DOE’s onshore research portfolio focuses on developing basin-specific technologies to maximize resource recovery and prudent environmental stewardship, accelerating the potential of emerging and untapped oil and gas resources, and treatment of produced water for reuse. 

Upstream: Offshore - DOE’s Offshore Research is focused on increasing ultimate recovery of oil and gas resources in the Outer Continental Shelf while preventing oil spills through maintaining well control throughout the lifetime of the well. The research portfolio is comprised of a suite of projects that focuses on innovative solutions to solve the challenges associated with deepwater geohazard prediction, well control during drilling and over the lifetime of the well, surface systems and umbilicals including met-ocean effects, and subsea systems reliability and automation. 

Division of Supply & Delivery. The Office of Oil and Natural Gas’ Division of Supply and Delivery identifies and operates in areas where there is an appropriate government role for the development of technologies that can increase energy and economic security. The Division provides early-stage research in natural gas infrastructure, gas hydrates and DOE research studies.

Natural Gas Technologies R&D -The Natural Gas Technologies (NGT) R&D program is aligned with the President’s objectives to strengthen natural gas pipeline reliability and ensure infrastructure security, and research advanced materials and sensor technology to address natural gas infrastructure reliability, public safety, and operational efficiency.

Gas Hydrate R&D. –  The most plentiful supplies of natural gas throughout the world may be the methane molecules trapped in ice-like structures called hydrates. DOE's research is helping to unlock the mysteries of gas hydrates and develop future ways to tap their massive energy potential through early-stage research, to evaluate the occurrence, nature, and behavior of the potentially enormous naturally-occurring gas hydrates resource within the U.S. 

DOE Research Studies - DOE research studies are directed by either the Secretary of Energy or by Congress and cover a variety of areas: Crude Oil Characterization Research Study; Used Oil Management and Beneficial Reuse Options; Natural Gas Flaring and Venting: State and Federal Regulatory Overview, Trends, and Impacts; and Hydrogen Strategy: Enabling a Low-Carbon Economy.

Natural Gas/LNG Regulatory Activities

Natural Gas Regulation - The Office of Fossil Energy’s (FE) Office of Regulation, Analysis and Engagement regulates natural gas imports and exports under Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act of 1938; maintains statistics on North American natural gas trade; and oversees FE's international programs pertaining to natural gas and petroleum.  

About Liquefied Natural Gas – The United States has become one of the world’s top exporters of liquefied natural gas, or LNG. LNG is natural gas that has been cooled to a liquid state for shipping in containers and special tankers to places pipelines do not reach. Page under construction.

Engagement with International Partners

Fossil Energy’s Oil and Natural Gas Office actively participates in several global partnerships and initiatives:

U.S.-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum:  The Office of Fossil Energy and China’s National Energy Administration have held the annual U.S.-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum since 1998. The Forum is a public-private partnership involving government and industry representatives from the United States and China and focuses on the development of secure, reliable, and economic sources of oil and natural gas while facilitating investment in the energy industry.   

U.S.-India Gas Task Force (GTF):  The Office of Fossil Energy and India’s Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas are the lead government agencies for the U.S.-India Gas Task Force (GTF), an industry-focused forum that identifies innovative policy reforms to support India’s ambitions to transition to a natural gas economy, as well as lower market barriers in India for U.S. natural gas and related technologies. The GTF is an initiative under the U.S-India Strategic Energy Partnership launched in April 2018. 

Engagement to Promote Natural Gas Development in Africa: The Office of Fossil Energy works with DOE's International Affairs Office (IA), other U.S. government agencies, and stakeholders to promote gas development in Africa to ensure global energy security and open new energy markets. The focus is on capacity building in this sector for decision-makers, potential businesses, and the facilitation of LNG development.  

Understanding Natural Gas & LNG Options Handbook This comprehensive handbook serves a resource for African countries that are developing, or considering developing, natural gas and associated industries. It was prepared by the Office of Fossil Energy and IA with assistance from the U.S. Energy Association and funding from USAID/Power Africa. 

Oil and Gas News

Report to Congress on Crude Oil Characterization Research Study
This is a report that summarizes the Crude Oil Characterization Research Study administered by the DOE & PHMSA.
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President Requests $930.7 Million for Fossil Energy Programs
This is an overview of the Office of Fossil Energy's FY 2021 Budget Request.
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Department of Energy Invests $4.6M in Produced Water Treatment
The Office of Fossil Energy has selected four projects to receive $4.6M for produced water treatment research and development.
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INTERACTIVE MAP: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports Breaking Records
The U.S. is now a net exporter of both natural gas and Liquefied Natural Gas, sending shipments to dozens of countries around the world.
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Energy Department Announces $5M for Produced Water Treatment Technologies
The Department of Energy has announced up to $5 million for produced water treatment projects.
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FE’s Bennett Announces U.S.-Israel Energy Center Funding Opportunity at 2019 Offshore Technology Conference
FE's Shawn Bennett announced a collaborative funding opportunity for the U.S.-Israel Energy Center at the Offshore Technology Conference.
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Department of Energy Announces $39 Million for Oil and Natural Gas R&D Projects
Projects aim to improve oil and natural gas technologies.
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In Case You Missed It (ICYMI)
Office of Fossil Energy Issues $176.3 in Funding Opportunities in First Three Months of 2019.
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Department of Energy Authorizes LNG Exports from Venture Global Calcasieu Pass Project
Under the order, Venture Global Calcasieu Pass will be able to export up to 1.7 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) of natural gas as LNG.
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Chevron Technology Ventures Awards Winners in FE-Supported Produced Water Challenge
Today, Chevron Technology Ventures, LLC announced three winners of the FE-supported Chevron Tech Challenge for Produced Water.
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FE Press Releases and Techlines

Department of Energy Announces $122 Million for Regional Initiative to Produce Rare Earth Elements and Critical Minerals
Department of Energy Announces $122 Million for Regional Initiative to Produce Rare Earth Elements and Critical Minerals
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U.S. Department of Energy Announces $2M to Develop Hydrogen Technologies
The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Energy has announced up to $2 million in federal funding for cost-shared research and development.
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RECS (Research Experience in Carbon Sequestration) 2020 is Now Accepting Applications
FE invites graduate students and early career professionals who are interested in CCUS to apply for the RECS 2020 program.
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DOE Invests $34 Million to Develop Small-Scale Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Systems
DOE announced the selection of 12 projects to receive federal funding for the Office of Fossil Energy’s SOFC Program.
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Department of Energy Invests $72 Million in Carbon Capture Technologies
DOE announces the award of approximately $72 million in federal funding to support the development and advancement of carbon capture technologies.
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Department of Energy Issues Request for Information for Materials that Withstand Harsh Environments
DOE announced a RFI about advances in components, systems, and products that can withstand harsh environments and extended service lifetimes.
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Department of Energy Selects Additional Project to Enable Near-Zero Water Consumption of Power Plants
FE selected one additional project to receive $1.5M under the second closing of DE-FOA-0002001.000001.
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U.S. Department of Energy Invests $2 Million to Find Beneficial Uses for Coal Combustion Residuals
DOE selected two projects to receive approximately $2M in federal funding for cost-shared R&D projects under FOA 2190.
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Trump Administration Releases Policy Extending LNG Export Term to 2050
President Trump announced the Department of Energy is issuing a final policy statement about liquefied natural gas exports.
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