Soil & Groundwater Remediation

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) manages one of the largest groundwater and soil remediation efforts in the world. The inventory at the EM sites includes 6.5 trillion liters of contaminated groundwater, an amount equal to about four times the daily U.S. water consumption, and 40 million cubic meters of soil and debris contaminated with radionuclides, metals, and organics. EM’s Office of Subsurface Closure is working with EM site managers around the country to help find solutions to their specific technical issues.  At the large sites such as Hanford, Savannah River and Oak Ridge, the Office of Subsurface Closure has conducted research and demonstration projects to test new technologies and remediation approaches.

The primary goal of the Office of Subsurface Closure is to expedite closure of major soil and groundwater sites and waste units. The Office of Subsurface Closure is locating existing technologies to leverage advances in science and engineering; focusing development of new technologies to overcome intractable technical barriers; and providing alternative clean up strategies through the technical assistance program.

Large complex groundwater plumes remain at these EM sites:

  • Hanford (Central Plateau and River Corridor)
  • Savannah River (F-Area and M-Area)
  • Paducah
  • Los Alamos
  • Oak Ridge

Technical Assistance Program

For over two decades, Savannah River National Laboratory has managed a dynamic and efficient national program sponsored by EM that provides teams of technical experts with a broad experience base to recommend strategies to address DOE’s challenging environmental problems when standard approaches have not worked. Industrial facilities typically select traditional approaches (e.g., pump and treat, soil vapor extraction) in the design and implementation of remedial strategies. At some sites, these approaches prove to be too costly, inadequate or ineffective. Alternatively, other sites struggle with implementation of innovative but less well understood approaches. Since 2006, the Technical Assistance Program has focused on providing support across the EM complex. During this time, 25 technical assistance teams have visited 11 EM sites and made recommendations that yielded an estimated cost savings of $100 million, generating a return on investment of 30 to 1 for the program.

Each technical assistance team is:

  • Selected to address a specific technical need;
  • Focuses on identification of key technical risks (known technical issues that could prevent project success) and identification of technical uncertainties (indefinite or unpredictable aspects of a project);
  • Works closely with sites and regulators to develop solutions and strategies that minimize detrimental impacts to the environment, project budgets and schedules; and
  • Develops phased solutions that may combine multiple technologies and recommends specific steps to optimize project implementation and performance.

An important goal of the Technical Assistance Program is to address the specific concerns of regulators and stakeholders and to facilitate acceptance of recommended approaches and solutions. On average, 3-4 technical assistance teams are deployed each year across the DOE Complex to assist DOE site in addressing high priority issues/needs at selected sites.

Soil & Groundwater Remediation News

EM Nevada Program Hosts Groundwater Information Exchange
September 24, 2019
EM Nevada Program Hosts Groundwater Information Exchange
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New Treatment Approach Could Accelerate Groundwater Cleanup at Hanford
September 10, 2019
A new treatment approach designed to expedite removal of residual chromium deep in the ground near the Columbia River.
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More Than 10,000 Samples Guide Cleanup at Oak Ridge's ETTP
September 3, 2019
Cleaning up Oak Ridge's East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) encompasses more than emptying and demolishing old, contaminated buildings
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SRS Deploys Innovation to Clean Up Groundwater Contamination
September 3, 2019
The EM program at the Savannah River Site (SRS) has launched an innovative process using silver chloride, a conventional industrial product.
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EM Officials Tour New Mexico Sites, Meet With Employees
August 27, 2019
Ike White, Senior Advisor for EM, toured cleanup sites in New Mexico.
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SRS Uses Recycled Iron to Treat Contaminated Groundwater
August 13, 2019
EM is using 760 tons of iron filings recycled from the automotive industry to treat groundwater contaminated by solvents.
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Oak Ridge Completes Soil Disposal Project $75 Million Under Original Estimates
August 6, 2019
DOE’s Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management (OREM) coordinated with regulators and partnered with small businesses to complete a project.
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Crews Mobilize to Build Mercury Treatment Facility in Oak Ridge
July 30, 2019
Oak Ridge Site crews recently mobilized to begin constructing the Outfall 200 Mercury Treatment Facility.
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EM Completes NNSS Soil Sites Mission Ahead of Schedule, Under Budget
July 23, 2019
EM’s Nevada Program has safely and successfully completed corrective actions and closed the last of 138 soil sites at the Nevada National Security.
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Los Alamos Interim Measure Shows Progress in Reducing Contaminant Plume
July 16, 2019
(EM-LA) and cleanup contractor Newport News Nuclear are seeing positive results from an an interim measure to contain and control migration in water.
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