RICHLAND, Wash. – Record-breaking heat and the sheer size of the job could not stop the EM Office of River Protection (ORP) and its tank operations contractor from safely completing a construction project critical to the Hanford Site’s Direct-Feed Low-Activity Waste (DFLAW) Program for treating tank waste.
Late last month, workers with Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) finished installing a new 102,000-square-foot floating cover on Basin 44, one of three large wastewater storage basins that make up the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility (LERF). LERF stores wastewater generated by Hanford cleanup activities until it is pumped to the nearby Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF), where contaminants are removed during processing.
Basin 44 can hold about 7.8 million gallons of liquid waste – enough to fill about 12 Olympic-sized swimming pools. The original basin cover, installed in 1992, needed to be replaced because of age-related deterioration. WRPS installed new covers on LERF’s two other storage basins in 2017 and 2018. A new fourth basin is under construction to add capacity to support treating additional effluent from treating and disposing tank waste.
“The LERF basins are essential to the Direct-Feed Low-Activity Waste Program to treat tank waste,” said Bibek Tamang, ORP LERF program manager. “Hanford’s Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) is expected to transfer an estimated 5.4 million gallons of effluent a year to LERF, while Hanford’s Integrated Disposal Facility will add another 1.2 million gallons annually.”
The Integrated Disposal Facility will receive containers of immobilized low-activity tank waste and has a leachate collection system to collect water from precipitation and dust suppression in holding tanks. The leachate will be transferred periodically to LERF for treatment in ETF.
To install the new cover on Basin 44, workers welded together prefabricated panels of flexible synthetic material noted for its resistance to chemicals, temperature extremes, and ultraviolet light. They attached the cover to tensioning hardware that allows the cover to move as it floats on the surface of the wastewater.
The most challenging part of the replacement project was removing the old, contaminated cover prior to installing the new one. Workers in personal protective equipment cut the old cover in strips using a specially designed tool mounted on a pole.
Most of the cover-removal process took place during record-breaking summer heat on the Hanford Site, with 35 days between June and August reaching a maximum temperature of 100 degrees Fahrenheit or greater. Temperatures in the dark basin climbed as high as 140 degrees. To ensure worker safety, WRPS implemented its robust heat-stress monitoring program, adjusted personal protective equipment, and began work shifts as early as 2 a.m.
“We took a deliberate, cautious approach to ensure all work was performed safely,” said Gene Roosendaal, the project manager for WRPS. “We faced a lot of unique challenges on the project, but we got the job done thanks to a team that demonstrated exceptional teamwork and a strong commitment to safety.”
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