Fact #950: November 7, 2016 Well-to-Wheel Emissions from a Typical EV by State, 2015

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An all-electric vehicle (EV) does not produce emissions from the tailpipe, but there are upstream emissions (also called well-to-wheel emissions) of greenhouse gases from electricity production. Using electricity production data by source and state, the Alternative Fuels Data Center has estimated the annual carbon dioxide (CO2)-equivalent emissions of a typical EV. EVs charging in Vermont are estimated to produce the fewest emissions – oil and gas make up only 1.2% of the electricity sources in the state while cleaner sources such as nuclear, hydro, biomass, wind, and solar make up the rest. West Virginia's electricity production is 95.7% from coal, making it the state with the most well-to-wheel CO2-equivalent emissions. The national average is 4,815 pounds of CO2-equivalent emissions for a typical EV per year as compared to the average gasoline-powered car which produces 11,435 pounds of CO2-equivalent emissions annually.

Annual Well-to-Wheel Emissions from a Typical EV by State, 2015

Annual Well-to-Wheel Emissions from a Typical EV by State in 2015

Fact #950 Dataset

Supporting Information

Well-to-Wheel Emissions from a Typical EV by State, 2015
StateAnnual Emissions
per Vehicle
(Pounds of CO2 Equivalent)
Vermont<1
Washington987
Idaho1,179
Maine1,559
Oregon1,644
New Hampshire1,886
South Dakota1,941
New York2,112
Connecticut2,336
New Jersey2,529
California2,706
South Carolina3,090
Massachusetts3,803
Virginia3,931
Illinois4,003
Rhode Island4,122
Mississippi4,140
Alaska4,182
Pennsylvania4,278
Maryland4,378
North Carolina4,395
District of Columbia4,540
Tennessee4,563
Louisiana4,588
Georgia4,643
Nevada4,689
Alabama4,815
Florida4,830
Arizona4,845
Arkansas5,059
Texas5,086
Minnesota5,142
Oklahoma5,271
Iowa5,440
Kansas5,444
Michigan5,520
Delaware5,654
Montana5,670
Nebraska6,108
Wisconsin6,443
Hawaii6,696
Colorado6,936
Ohio6,958
New Mexico7,446
North Dakota7,470
Missouri8,328
Utah8,362
Indiana8,682
Wyoming8,823
Kentucky8,965
West Virginia9,451
EV National Average4,815
For Comparison Purposes:
Gasoline Vehicle Average11,435

Note: See assumptions for the estimations here.
Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Alternative Fuels Data Center, Emissions from Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles, accessed October 10, 2016.

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