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In model year 2011, there were just three different models of all-electric vehicles (AEV) available and their ranges on a full charge (according to the Environmental Protection Agency) spanned from 63 to 94 miles. By model year 2016, the number of AEV models increased to twelve and the available ranges expanded as well from a minimum of 62 miles for the Mitsubishi i-MiEV to a maximum of 294 miles for the Tesla Model S 90D. From 2011 to 2016, the median of the AEV ranges increased by just over 10 miles – from 73 to 83.5 miles.
Breadth of AEV Ranges, MY 2011 and 2016
|Model Year||Make||Model||Range (Miles)|
|2011||smart||fortwo electric drive coupe||63||MY 2011 Median = 73 miles|
|2016||Mitsubishi||i-MIEV||62||MY 2016 Median = 83.5 miles|
|2016||smart||fortwo electric drive coupe||68|
|2016||Nissan||Leaf (30 kW-hr battery pack)||107|
|2016||Tesla||Model X AWD - 90D||257|
|2016||Tesla||Model S AWD - 90D||294|
Note: Median is based on the listed models; some of these AEV models are available with different battery capacities/body styles, which have shorter ranges.