Fact #930: June 20, 2016 Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached 4% of Subcompact Sales in February 2015

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Monthly plug-in vehicle (PEV) sales are small in comparison to total vehicle sales, but PEV sales shares are growing within some size classes. Looking at six-month moving totals, subcompact PEV sales were 4% of all subcompact sales from September 2014 to February 2015 and after an early-year decline rose to 3.7% by late 2015 despite falling gasoline prices. Large PEV sales were 1.4% of all large car sales in early 2014, but rose to 2.5% by the July to December 2015 period. The compact car and standard SUV categories posted overall gains during this timeframe. Midsize PEV sales, which include the Nissan Leaf, fell from a high of 2.6% of all midsize sales in mid-2014 to 1.5% by December 2015.

Share of PEV Sales to All Sales in Size Class, and Gasoline Prices,
June 2014 - December 2015

Graphic showing share of PEV sales to all sales in size class, and gasoline prices, from June 2014 to December 2015

Note: The "Shares of PEV Sales to All Sales in Size Class" are six-month moving totals, which helps to adjust for seasonal variation and provide data smoothing.

PEV Models by Size Class
Vehicle Size ClassMake/Model
SubcompactMitsubishi iMiEV
BMW Active E
Chevrolet Spark
Cadillac ELR
BMW i3
BMW i8
CompactChevrolet Volt
Ford Focus
VW e-Golf
Audi A3 Plug In
MidsizeNissan Leaf
Prius PHEV
Ford C-Max Energi
Honda Accord
Ford Fusion Energi
Mercedes B-Class
Hyundai Sonata Plug In
LargeTesla Model S
Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid
Mercedes S550 Plug
Standard SUVPorsche Cayenne S E-hybrid
Volvo-XC90 Plug In
Tesla Model X
BMW X5

Fact #930 Dataset

Supporting Information

Share of PEV Sales to All Sales in Size Class, and Gasoline Prices, June 2014 - December 2015
Month-YearShare of PEV Sales to All Sales in Size ClassRegular Gasoline Price
(Dollars per Gallon)
SubcompactCompactMidsizeLargeStandard SUV (4WD)
Jan '14 - Jun '140.77%0.67%2.29%1.41%0.00%$3.77
Feb '14 - Jul '140.95%0.72%2.43%1.34%0.00%$3.69
Mar '14 - Aug '141.38%0.78%2.53%1.23%0.00%$3.57
Apr '14 - Sep '141.92%0.80%2.61%1.27%0.00%$3.48
May '14 - Oct '142.61%0.80%2.64%1.30%0.00%$3.26
Jun '14 - Nov '143.08%0.82%2.57%1.36%0.01%$3.00
Jul '14 - Dec '143.56%0.81%2.46%1.46%0.01%$2.63
Aug '14 - Jan '153.83%0.73%2.26%1.52%0.02%$2.21
Sep '14 - Feb '154.03%0.63%2.08%1.68%0.04%$2.30
Oct '14 - Mar '153.71%0.56%1.92%1.81%0.04%$2.55
Nov '14 - Apr '153.44%0.53%1.79%1.90%0.05%$2.56
Dec '14 - May '153.24%0.55%1.70%2.01%0.06%$2.80
Jan '15 - Jun '152.95%0.54%1.61%2.25%0.06%$2.89
Feb '15 - Jul '152.97%0.59%1.61%2.22%0.06%$2.88
Mar '15 - Aug '152.77%0.64%1.62%2.15%0.06%$2.73
Apr '15 - Sep '153.07%0.70%1.61%2.21%0.06%$2.46
May '15 - Oct '153.06%0.81%1.59%2.26%0.06%$2.39
Jun '15 - Nov '153.16%0.88%1.54%2.46%0.10%$2.26
Jul '15 - Dec '153.74%0.97%1.48%2.49%0.19%$2.14

Sources: PEV data provided by Yan Zhou, Argonne National Laboratory, Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates, May 2016.
Sales by size class data provided by Russ Campbell, SRA International, May 2016.

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