Closed funding opportunities from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Fuel Cell Technologies Office are listed below. Since 2003, DOE has awarded funding to a number of science and research projects to support research, development, and demonstration of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. Find information about open funding opportunities.

The following funding opportunities are listed by fiscal year (FY) and title. When available, there is a link to the original solicitation and to the selection announcement or project details.

FY 2020

Fiscal Year 2020 H2@Scale New Markets Funding Opportunity Announcement

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0002229

FY 2020 H2@Scale projects selected for negotiation

July 2020 selection announcement

FY 2019

Fiscal Year 2019 H2@Scale Funding Opportunity Announcement

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0002022

FY 2019 H2@Scale projects selected for negotiation

August 2019 selection announcement

FY19 Commercial Trucks and Off-Road Applications FOA: Natural Gas, Hydrogen, Biopower, and Electrification Technologies

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0002044

FY 2019 commercial trucks and off-road applications projects selected for negotiation

July 2019 selection announcement

FY 2018

FY18 Hydrogen and Fuel Cell R&D FOA

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0001874

FY 2018 projects selected for negotiation

August 2018 selection announcement

FY 2017

FY 2017 Fuel Cell Technologies Office Annual Funding Opportunity Announcement

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0001647

FY 2017 projects selected for negotiation

June 2017 selection announcement

FY 2016

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Research, Development, and Demonstrations

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0001412

Projects selected for negotiation: City of San Francisco; Strategic Analysis, Inc.; 3M Company; United Technologies Research Center (UTRC); Vanderbilt University; General Motors; Argonne National Laboratory; Pennsylvania State University; University of Hawaii, Manoa; University of Missouri, St. Louis; Ceramatec Inc.; Fuel Cell Energy, Inc.; Giner, Inc.; Greenway Energy, LLC; Sandia National Laboratories; Vencore Services and Solutions

Selection announcements from May 20, 2016, July 6, 2016, and July 12, 2016

FY 2015

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Research, Development, and Demonstrations

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0001224

Projects selected for negotiation: Oregon State University; 3M Company; General Motors LLC; National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Illinois Institute of Technology; Ivys Inc.; Automated Dynamics; Electricore, Inc.; US Hybrid Corporation; The City of Ithaca

October 2015 selection announcement

FY 2014

Fuel Cell Technologies Incubator: Innovations in Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Fuel Technologies

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000966

Projects selected for negotiation: Proton Energy Systems; Advent Technologies, Inc.; Giner, Inc.; Versa Power Systems; University of New Mexico; University of California, Irvine; University of Delaware; Northeastern University; Gas Technology Institute; Center for Transportation and the Environment; Virginia Tech

February 2015 selection announcement

Clean Energy Supply Chain and Manufacturing Competitiveness Analysis for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000854

Projects selected for negotiation: Ohio Fuel Cell Coalition; James Madison University; GLWN/Westside Industrial Retention and Expansion Network and Subsidiary

December 2014 selection announcement

FY 2013

Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Medium Duty Trucks, Roof-top Backup Power, and Advanced Hydrogen Refueling Components

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000828

Projects selected for negotiation: Center for Transportation and the Environment; FedEx Express; Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.; Sprint

December 2013 selection announcement

Research and Development for Hydrogen Storage

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000827

Projects selected for negotiation: Materia Inc.; PPG Industries, Inc.; Sandia National Laboratories; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Ardica Technologies, Inc.; HRL Laboratories, LLC; University of Michigan; Texas A&M University; California Institute of Technology; Ames Laboratory

Selection announcements from May 2014 and April 2015

Hydrogen Production Research and Development

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000826

Projects selected for negotiation: FuelCell Energy Inc.; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; National Renewable Energy Laboratory; University of Hawaii; Sandia National Laboratories; University of Colorado

June 2014 selection announcement

Hydrogen Delivery Technologies

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000821

Projects selected for negotiation: Southwest Research Institute; Nuvera Fuel Cells, Inc.; Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Wiretough Cylinders LLC

June 2014 selection announcement

FY 2012

Hydrogen Pathway Analyses

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000748

Projects selected for negotiation: Strategic Analysis, Inc.

February 2013 selection announcement

Fuel Cell Powered Airport Ground Support Equipment Deployment

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000701

Projects selected for negotiation: Plug Power

Validation of Hydrogen Refueling Station Performance and Advanced Refueling Components

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000626

Projects selected for negotiation: Gas Technology Institute; Proton Energy Systems; California Air Resources Board; California State University Los Angeles University Auxiliary Services, Inc.

July 2012 selection announcement

Light-Duty Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Validation Data

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000625

Projects selected for negotiation: Hyundai America Technical Center, Inc.; Mercedes-Benz Research and Development, North America, Inc.; General Motors LLC; Electricore, Inc.

FY 2011

Research and Development of Fuel Cells for Stationary and Transportation Applications

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000360

Projects selected for negotiation: 3M; Eaton Corporation

March 2012 selection announcement

Research and Development for Hydrogen Storage

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000421

Projects selected for negotiation: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; HRL Laboratories, LLC; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; University of Oregon

December 2011 selection announcement

Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage System Cost Analyses

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000420

Projects selected for negotiation: Directed Technologies, Inc.; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Battelle Memorial Institute

August 2011 selection announcement

FY 2010

Liquid Carrier Technology for Hydrogen Storage or Delivery

Solicitation: DE-FOA-0000380

FY 2009

DOE Awards $113 Million for Fuel Cell R&D

DOE awarded $113 million to fund 28 projects to advance the development of fuel cell technology. 

FY 2009 fuel cell R&D projects selected for negotiation

Hydrogen Storage Engineering Center of Excellence

In 2008, the Fuel Cell Technologies Office released a solicitation for a hydrogen storage engineering Center of Excellence (CoE) to research and develop onboard vehicular hydrogen storage systems and components that allow for a driving range of greater than 300 miles while meeting vehicular packaging, safety, cost, and performance requirements.

Hydrogen Storage Engineering Center of Excellence awards: Savannah River National Laboratories (Lead); United Technologies Research Center; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Los Alamos National Laboratory; National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Jet Propulsion Laboratory; General Motors Corporation; Ford Motor Company; Oregon State University; Lincoln Composites

Recovery Act: Fuel Cell Market Transformation Projects

To expand the use of clean and renewable energy sources and reduce America's dependence on foreign oil, DOE announced $41.9 million in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funding for 13 projects to deploy fuel cell technology in emergency backup power, material handling, and stationary fuel cell applications. Learn more about the Recovery Act.

Recovery Act projects funded for fuel cell market transformation

FY 2008

Administration of H-Prize for Hydrogen Storage

In 2008, the Fuel Cell Technologies Office released a solicitation for the administration of the H-prize for hydrogen storage. This solicitation was to identify an organization to serve as an "Administering Entity" to implement the H-Prize, which competitively awards cash prizes to advance the research, development, demonstration, and commercial application of hydrogen energy technologies. 

Projects selected for negotiation: Hydrogen Education Foundation

Hydrogen Education Development Funding Opportunity

In 2008, the Fuel Cell Technologies Office selected projects to facilitate near-term market transformation and future commercialization of hydrogen and fuel cells by providing technically accurate and objective information to key target audiences.

Solicitation: DE-PS36-08GO98000

Projects selected for negotiation: Clean Energy States Alliance; Connecticut Center for Advanced Technology/Connecticut Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Coalition; Houston Advanced Research Center/Texas Hydrogen Coalition; Ohio Fuel Cell Coalition; South Carolina Hydrogen Fuel Cell Alliance; Technology Transition Corporation; Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals & Energy; Carolina Tractor & Equipment Company; California State University, Los Angeles; Humboldt State University; Michigan Technological University; University of Central Florida; University of North Dakota

Manufacturing Research and Development for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Systems

In 2007, the Fuel Cell Technologies Office released a solicitation for the manufacturing research and development of hydrogen and fuel cell systems.

Projects selected for negotiation in 2008: General Motors Corporation; Ballard Material Products, Inc.; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; W.L. Gore & Associates; General Motors Corporation (Alternate: negotiation of award subject to availability of funding); UltraCell Corporation; Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide, Inc.

Research and Development for Hydrogen Production and Delivery Technology

In 2007, the Fuel Cell Technologies Office released a solicitation for the research and development of hydrogen production and delivery technology.

Projects selected for negotiation in 2008: Concepts ETI; Mohawk Innovative Technologies; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Lincoln Composites; Praxair; Prometheus Energy; Giner Electrochemical Systems, LLC; Avalence

Research and Development for Onboard Vehicular Hydrogen Storage

In 2008, the Fuel Cell Technologies Office released a solicitation for the research and development of on-board vehicular hydrogen storage to complement the existing National Hydrogen Storage Project portfolio.

Solicitation: DE-PS36-08GO98004P (industry, academia, and other interested parties); DE-PS36-08GO98005P (national laboratories)

Projects selected for negotiation: Northwestern University; The Ohio State University Research Foundation; The Pennsylvania State University; U.S. Borax Inc.; The Curators of the University of Missouri; University of Oregon; The Regents of the University of California; Northwestern University; Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandia National Laboratories

FY 2007

Research and Development of Fuel Cell Technologies

FY 2007 fuel cell R&D projects selected for negotiation

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Analysis: Lessons Learned from Stationary Power Generation

In 2007, the Fuel Cell Technologies Office released a solicitation for hydrogen lessons learned. DOE sought applications to conduct a study to identify the lessons learned from prior hydrogen-based stationary power programs, including the most significant obstacles, how these obstacles have been approached, outcomes of the programs, and how this information can be used in the DOE Hydrogen Program.

Projects selected for negotiation: University of Missouri

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Analysis: Environmental Impacts of Hydrogen Systems

In 2007, the Fuel Cell Technologies Office released a solicitation for hydrogen and fuel cell analysis on the environmental impacts of hydrogen systems. The purpose of this project was to identify and examine possible near and long-term ecological and environmental effects of the production of hydrogen from various energy sources (based on the DOE hydrogen production strategy) and the use of that hydrogen as a transportation fuel and for stationary power.

Projects selected for negotiation: Tetra Tech and University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

FY 2006

Codes and Standards for the Hydrogen Economy

In 2006, the Fuel Cell Technologies Office released a solicitation inviting applicants to partner with DOE in facilitating the development of codes and standards for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies and infrastructure.

Projects selected for negotiation: Regulatory Logic, LLC

Effects of a Transition to a Hydrogen Economy on Employment in the United States

In 2006, the Fuel Cell Technologies Office released a solicitation for the effects of a transition to a hydrogen economy on employment in the United States. DOE sought proposals to conduct a careful analysis of both emerging hydrogen technologies and the legacy technologies that will be displaced. 

Projects selected for negotiation: RCF Economic & Financial Consulting, Inc.

High-Temperature, Low-Relative Humidity Polymer-Type Membranes

In January 2006, DOE announced its selection of 12 competitively awarded, cost-shared projects for polymer membrane research to increase the durability and shelf life of polymer membranes, while simultaneously bringing down the cost. Collectively, these projects will receive up to $19 million in federal funding over five years. 

Projects selected for negotiation: Colorado School of Mines; Pennsylvania State University; Virginia Tech; Giner Electrochemical Systems; University of Tennessee; Case Western Reserve University; FuelCell Energy; Clemson University; GE Global Research; Arizona State University; and University of Central Florida

Lab Call for Research and Development for Onboard Vehicular Hydrogen Storage

In 2006, the Fuel Cell Technologies Office released a solicitation for a laboratory call for research and development for onboard vehicle hydrogen storage.

Projects selected for negotiation: Argonne National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories

Research and Development for Onboard Vehicular Hydrogen Storage

In 2006, the Fuel Cell Technologies Office released a solicitation for research and development for onboard vehicle hydrogen storage. Projects supported existing DOE Hydrogen Storage Centers of Excellence or independent R&D projects in specific technical topic areas such as materials discovery; engineering science; new synthesis, characterization, and testing techniques; and analysis.

Solicitation: DE-PS36-06GO96003P (industry, academia, and other interested parties) and DE-PS36-06GO96012P (national laboratories)

Projects selected for negotiation: United Technologies Research Center; University of Hawaii; United Technologies Research Center; and Miami University

FY 2005

Hydrogen Production and Delivery Research

This award funded over $75 million in hydrogen production and delivery research projects to support the President's Hydrogen Initiative. Specific award categories included solar electrochemical water splitting (photoelectrochemical); solar thermal water splitting; solar biological (microorganisms); small-scale natural gas/bio-derived liquid reformers; electrolyzers; biomass and hydrocarbon gas separation technologies; delivery technologies; and analysis. The projects involved 36 lead organizations and include over 80 teaming organizations.

FY 2004

The Grand Challenge Hydrogen Storage Centers of Excellence

This award established three "Centers of Excellence" for exploratory research in hydrogen storage—at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Sandia National Laboratories. In addition, individual universities, research institutes, and small businesses will explore new materials for hydrogen storage. The DOE share for this National Hydrogen Storage Project is $150 million over 5 years with an additional private cost share of approximately $20 million.

Hydrogen Storage Centers of Excellence 

Individual Grand Challenge projects

Vehicle and Infrastructure Learning Demonstrations

This award funds five "learning demonstrations" that will provide important data to focus research efforts. Automakers and energy companies will work together with their teams under this project to demonstrate integrated and complete system solutions operating in real world environments. The expected DOE share is $190 million over 5 years with an additional private cost share of approximately $190 million.

Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project team members

Portable Power, Auxiliary Power Units, and R&D for Off-Road Fuel Cell Applications

This award funded fuel cell research projects that address critical cost and durability issues for consumer electronics, portable power, and auxiliary power unit fuel cell systems, as well as innovative research and development for off-road fuel cell applications. The DOE share was $13 million dollars over 3 years with an additional private cost share of approximately $10 million.

Portable power fuel cell projects

Hydrogen Technology Learning Centers

In March 2004, DOE's Fuel Cell Technologies Office, in partnership with the State Technology Advancement Collaborative (STAC), awarded funding for the development and operation of hydrogen technology learning centers at universities, colleges, or other educational institutions to educate students, potential end users such as fleets or building developers, local officials, and the public about the vision of a hydrogen economy.

Hydrogen Education Development

Hydrogen technology education projects included middle school and high school curricula and teacher professional development. These projects paired hydrogen technology experts with professional educators and experienced curriculum developers to create hands-on activities and lessons to engage students in the developing hydrogen economy. The hydrogen education projects also included the development of materials suitable for a general audience.

Hydrogen education development projects

FY 2003

Advanced Hydrogen Fuel Cell Research

In July 2003, DOE announced the selection of 13 firms and educational institutions in 12 states to receive $75 million in cost-shared awards to fund new research in advanced fuel cell technology for vehicles, buildings, and other applications. This was combined with earlier awards to an additional 11 firms and universities in eight states for $21 million in hydrogen storage, production, and sensor technologies.

FY 2003 fuel cell and hydrogen technology selected projects