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Vision and Strategy

The following are the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) critical minerals and materials vision and strategies.


Build reliable, resilient, affordable, diverse, sustainable, and secure domestic critical mineral and materials supply chains that support the clean energy transition and decarbonization of the energy, manufacturing, and transportation economies while promoting safe, sustainable, economic, and environmentally just solutions to meet current and future needs. 


Strategy Pillars

Four columns labeling pillars above four labeled efforts


  • Diversify and Expand Supply: Identify and secure substantial resources from a wide variety of feedstocks including primary and secondary sources, co-produced materials from existing operations, and international partners.  
  • Develop Alternatives: Produce new materials that have less disruption potential and design manufactured parts and systems that require little to no critical materials to function.
  • Improve Materials and Manufacturing Efficiency: Design for atom economy, reduce waste through efficient use, and improve overall efficiency of mining through manufacturing and recycling to minimize environmental impacts while maximizing yield. 
  • Build the Circular Economy: Remanufacture, refurbish, repair, reuse, recycle, and repurpose all materials that are used in a modern economy to extend the lifetime of materials and/or partially offset the need for virgin material extraction.

DOE supports these strategy pillars by enabling activities, cross-cutting functions to enable and enhance research, development, demonstration, and deployment efforts across four areas: 

  • Analysis & advanced tools
  • Market assessment & development
  • International engagement & standards
  • Education & workforce development.

2023 Assessment

2021 Strategy

2019 Strategy and Assessment

2011 Strategy and Assessment:

2010 Strategy and Assessment: