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July 26, 2016
Next-Generation Electric Switches
Moving Beyond Semiconductors for Next-Generation Electric Switches
In the quantum mechanical phenomenon called resonant tunneling, electrons that are in a well-defined quantum well (or quantum state) can move to an
July 25, 2016
Modeling Sunlight Harvesting in Nanostructures
Modeling Sunlight Harvesting in Nanostructures
Scientists reviewed electronic structure calculations of light-driven processes in organic and semiconductor nanostructures. They also reviewed how
July 25, 2016
It's a Bird, It's a Plane, It's Super-ion Building Blocks
Solar cell performance of hybrid perovskites has improved from under 4% efficiency in 2009 to over 20% efficiency today. However, perovskite
July 25, 2016
Superacid treatment of semiconductors
Coming to a Monitor near You: Notorious “Perfection”
The photoluminescence efficiency is characterized by the ratio of light emitted to the amount of energy deposited into the system. For advanced
July 25, 2016
Soft and Small Imaging Breakthrough
Soft matter encompasses a broad swath of materials, including liquids, polymers, gels, foam and—most importantly—biomolecules. At the
July 20, 2016
Invisible Elements
New Imaging Technique Sees Elements that Are “Invisible” to Common Methods
To address the damage caused by scanning transmission electron microscopy, or STEM, a team at the Molecular Foundry developed a new imaging
July 20, 2016
Flexible DNA
Revealing the Fluctuations of Flexible DNA in 3D
Working at the Molecular Foundry using a cutting-edge electron microscope technique coupled with a protein-staining process and sophisticated
July 20, 2016
Boron Boost
Boron Boosts Graphene’s Sensitivity to Noxious Gases
Theory predicts that graphene could be much better at detecting noxious gases if impurities, or dopants, were incorporated into its rigid framework
July 20, 2016
Quantum Computing
New Device Steps Us Towards Quantum Computing
While isolated electrons in a vacuum can store quantum information nearly perfectly, in real materials, the movements of surrounding atoms disturbs
July 20, 2016
Something Deep Within: Nanocrystals Grown in Nanowires
Semiconducting nanowires have a wide range of existing and potential applications in optoelectronic materials, from single-electron transistors and
July 1, 2016
Separation of Electron’s Intrinsic Properties Revealed
An electron in an atom has three intrinsic properties: charge, spin and orbital angular momentum; the latter characterizes how the electron orbits
July 1, 2016
New Molecule Predicted that Could Make Safer Batteries
Powered by the state-of-the art computational tools and inspired by nature, researchers investigated the stability of ionic molecules for their
July 1, 2016
LED Lighting May Now Shine Brighter
The presence of defects in semiconductor materials, such as the missing gallium atoms in the image, were known to drastically decrease the light
June 20, 2016
Water Gunks Up Biofuels Production from Bio-Oils
Various catalysts can be used in the hydrodeoxygenation process, which removes oxygen-containing compounds or oxygenates, but the best catalysts
June 10, 2016
Working Better Together: Two Materials Defining the Future of High-Speed Electronics
Towards the development of high-speed electronic devices that are usually constrained to conventional semiconductors, researchers led by Michigan
June 10, 2016
Keeping Cool with a Black Semiconductor
Black phosphorus is a natural layered semiconductor and is a promising candidate for electronic, optical, and optoelectronic applications.
June 9, 2016
Bridge to Coveted Electronic Properties
A series of tabletop laser systems are being developed to bridge the materials characterization gap between conventional laser-based systems and
June 9, 2016
Taking on the Heat in Solar Cells: New Calculations Show Atomic Vibrations Hurt Efficiency
When sunlight is absorbed in a solar cell, negatively charged electrons and positively charged holes are created which in turn drive electrical
June 9, 2016
The Gold Standard of Cracking Tests
Corrosive environments, such as those found inside nuclear power plants and other sites, can cause stainless steel, brass, or other metallic alloys
June 9, 2016
Combining Electrons and Lasers to Create Designer Beams for Materials Research
After a material is excited, the first electronic motions are fundamental processes that enable transport of energy and information. Snapshots of
June 9, 2016
Simple Preparation for Affordable Solar Energy Storage
To understand the important interfaces in a solar cell connected to a water-splitting catalyst, researchers from Missouri University of Science
June 9, 2016
New Approach to Room-Temperature Materials Synthesis - Low Cost, Simple, and Controlled Composition
Researchers at the University of Michigan discovered a method for direct conversion, at room temperature, of copper selenide to copper silver
June 9, 2016
Modular Construction - on a Molecular Scale
Formation of a 3-dimensional (3D) porous, crystalline framework material—formed by spherical proteins that assemble via directed interactions
June 9, 2016
Nano-stiltskin: Turning Gold into … See-through Rubber
Next-generation flexible electronics require highly stretchable and transparent electrodes. Fatigue, structural damage due to repeated use, is
June 9, 2016
Towards Eco-friendly Industrial-Scale Hydrogen Production
Molecular hydrogen (H2) is an eco-friendly fuel because only waste water is produced when it is burned in combustion engines or used in