Photo of a wind turbine with the text, 'The wind industry supported 105,500 jobs in 2017.'

As wind installations continue across the country and offshore wind projects move beyond the planning process, technology costs and wind energy prices continue to fall. These trends and more are detailed in three market reports released by the U.S. Department of Energy:

Wind Technologies Market Report

Photo of a wind farm in the mountains and the text, 'The U.S. added 7 gigawatts of new wind power capacity last year representing 25% of all energy capacity additions.'
Cover of the 2017 Wind Technologies Market Report.

In 2017, wind energy contributed 6.3% of the nation's electricity supply. In 14 states, it contributed 10% of total electricity generation—and more than 30% in four of those states.

The average capacity of newly installed wind turbines in the United States in 2017 was 2.32 MW, up 8% from the previous year and 224% since 1998–1999. Bigger turbines with longer blades are enhancing wind plant performance. Wind projects built in the past few years have seen capacity factors—a measure of how close a plant is operating to its maximum output—increase by 79% compared to projects that were installed from 1998 to 2001. And after topping out at 7¢/kWh in 2009, the average levelized long-term price from wind power sales agreements has dropped to around 2¢/kWh. You can learn more about the wind market industry in 2017 in Top 4 Trends in the U.S. Wind Market.

Download the 2017 Wind Technologies Market Report

Distributed Wind Market Report

Photo of a wind turbine on a farm and the words, 'Distributed wind's cumulative capacity now totals 1,000 megawatts from more than 81,000 turbines.'
Cover of the 2017 Distributed Wind Market Report.

In total, U.S. wind turbines in distributed applications reached a cumulative installed capacity of 1,076 MW—which came from roughly 81,000 turbines installed across all 50 states, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam.

Thirty-five percent of distributed wind projects installed in 2017 were at homes and 25% were agricultural installations. U.S.-based small wind turbine manufacturers accounted for more than $226 million in export sales between 2015 and 2017.

Download the 2017 Distributed Wind Market Report or the Distributed Wind Market Report Fact Sheet.

Distributed Wind Photo Gallery

For more information about the case studies highlighted in this gallery, see the Distributed Wind Photo Gallery page.

Offshore Wind Technologies Market Update

Photo of three offshore wind turbines in the ocean and the words, 'The first commercial U.S. offshore wind project completed development in 2016 and 25,464 megawatts of generating capacity are in the project pipeline.'
Cover of the 2017 Offshore Wind Technologies Market Update, updated September 2018.

The U.S. offshore wind industry took a leap forward as several commercial-scale projects were selected for state-issued power purchase awards in 2018, while other U.S. states have implemented dedicated procurement and offtake policies during 2017–2018. The U.S. offshore wind development pipeline contains more than 25,000 MW of potential capacity across 13 states.

Researchers are evaluating floating substructure configurations to overcome the significant challenge of building offshore wind turbines in deep waters, where roughly 60% of the U.S. offshore wind resource lies.

Download the 2017 Offshore Wind Technologies Market Update.

Learn More

Previous Reports

How much do you know about wind energy? Test your knowledge with our wind power quiz!


Learn the basics of how wind turbines operate to produce clean power from an abundant, renewable resource—the wind.


Discover many of the remarkable advances that wind power has made over history.