Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) which include all-electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles were available in nine different vehicle classes in 2015. There were a total of about 114,000 PEV sold in 2015 with 60% of those midsize or large cars, such as the Nissan Leaf and the Tesla Model S. Compact and subcompact vehicles accounted for about one-third of plug-in vehicle sales while all other size classes combined had sales of just 7%. As the number of PEV models in the market has increased from four* to twenty-nine, sales of PEVs have increased more than six-fold from 2011 to 2015.
PEV Sales by Size Class, 2011-2015
* The four models that were available in 2011 were the Nissan Leaf, Chevrolet Volt, Mitsubishi iMiEV, and Smart ED.
|Vehicle Size Class||Make/Model|
BMW Active E
Audi A3 Plug In
Ford C-Max Energi
Ford Fusion Energi
Hyundai Sonata Plug In
|Large||Tesla Model S|
Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid
Mercedes S550 Plug
|Small Wagon||Honda Fit EV|
Kia Soul EV
|Small SUV||Toyota RAV4 EV|
|Standard SUV||Porsche Cayenne S E-hybrid|
Volvo-XC90 Plug In
Tesla Model X
|Calendar Year||Two-seater||Mini-compact||Sub-compact||Compact||Midsize||Large||Small Wagon||Small SUV||Standard SUV||Total|
Source: Argonne National Laboratory, Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates.