Fact #931: June 27, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicles Were Available in Nine Different Size Classes in 2015

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Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) which include all-electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles were available in nine different vehicle classes in 2015. There were a total of about 114,000 PEV sold in 2015 with 60% of those midsize or large cars, such as the Nissan Leaf and the Tesla Model S. Compact and subcompact vehicles accounted for about one-third of plug-in vehicle sales while all other size classes combined had sales of just 7%. As the number of PEV models in the market has increased from four* to twenty-nine, sales of PEVs have increased more than six-fold from 2011 to 2015.

PEV Sales by Size Class, 2011-2015

Graphic showing PEV sales by size class from 2011 to 2015. Classes include standard SUV, small SUV, small wagon, large, midsize, compact, subcompact, minicompact, and two-seater

* The four models that were available in 2011 were the Nissan Leaf, Chevrolet Volt, Mitsubishi iMiEV, and Smart ED.

 

PEV Models by Size Class
Vehicle Size ClassMake/Model
Two-seaterSmart ED
MinicompactFiat 500E
SubcompactMitsubishi iMiEV
BMW Active E
Chevrolet Spark
Cadillac ELR
BMW i3
BMW i8
CompactChevrolet Volt
Ford Focus
VW e-Golf
Audi A3 Plug In
MidsizeNissan Leaf
Prius PHEV
Ford C-Max Energi
Honda Accord
Ford Fusion Energi
Mercedes B-Class
Hyundai Sonata Plug In
LargeTesla Model S
Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid
Mercedes S550 Plug
Small WagonHonda Fit EV
Kia Soul EV
Small SUVToyota RAV4 EV
Standard SUVPorsche Cayenne S E-hybrid
Volvo-XC90 Plug In
Tesla Model X
BMW X5

Fact #931 Dataset

Supporting Information

PEV Sales by Size Class, 2011-2015
Calendar YearTwo-seaterMini-compactSub-compactCompactMidsizeLargeSmall WagonSmall SUVStandard SUVTotal
20113420767,6719,674000017,763
201213901,25924,14424,9422,40093192053,169
20139232601,59524,83248,46719,4515691,005097,102
20142,5941,5039,29821,12664,67017,6297661,184112118,882
20151,3873,47717,05721,20740,78626,7251,017182,349114,023

Source: Argonne National Laboratory, Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates.

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