Fact #920: April 11, 2016 Electric Charging Stations are the Fastest Growing Type of Alternative Fueling Station

You are here

SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week

The number of electric charging stations grew from about 3,400 in 2011 to just over 30,000 in 2015. It should be noted that beginning in 2011, electric charging stations refers to individual plugs rather than a station which may have multiple plugs. Electric vehicle charge times are much longer than refueling times for other fuel types so the number of plugs is critical, but it can inflate the station count for electricity relative to the other alternative fuel types. In 2015, there were about 3,600 propane stations, 3,000 E85 stations, and 1,600 compressed natural gas (CNG) refueling stations. The other fuel types (biodiesel, liquefied natural gas (LNG) and hydrogen) altogether have less than 1,000 stations nationwide.

Alternative Fueling Stations by Fuel Type, 1995-2015

Graph showing alternative fueling stations by futel type (E85, CNG, Biodiesel, Hydrogen, LNG, Propane, and Electric) from 1995 to 2015.

Fact #920 Dataset

Supporting Information

Alternative Fueling Stations by Fuel Type, 1995-2015
YearElectricPropaneLNGHydrogenBiodieselCNGE85Total
19951883,299n/an/an/a1,065374,589
19961944,25272n/an/a1,419686,005
19973104,25571n/an/a1,426716,133
19984865,31866n/an/a1,268407,178
19994904,15346n/an/a1,267496,005
20005583,26844n/a21,2171135,202
20016933,40344n/a161,2321545,542
20028733,431367791,1661495,741
20038303,9666271421,0351886,230
20046713,6895891769172005,720
20055882,99540143047874365,164
20064652,61937174597327625,091
20074422,37135327427211,2085,551
20084302,17538466457781,6445,756
20094652,46836636797721,9286,411
20105412,64739586448412,1426,912
20113,3942,59745566279102,44210,071
201213,3922,65459586751,1072,55320,498
201319,4102,95681537571,2632,63927,159
201425,6022,931103517831,4952,84033,805
201530,9453,594111397211,5632,99039,963

Notes:
Starting in 2011, electric charge equipment was counted by the plug rather than by the geographical location. This is different than other fuels, which only count the geographical location regardless of how many dispensers or nozzles are on site.

Stations selling low-level biodiesel blends (less than B20) are included in the station listing only for the years 2005-2007.

Total is the total number of fuel types sold at stations. Stations are counted once for each type of fuel sold.

Acronyms:
n/a: Data not available
CNG: Compressed natural gas
E85: 85% ethanol, 15% gasoline
LNG: Liquefied natural gas
B20: 20% biodiesel, 80% petroleum diesel

Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Alternative Fuels Data Center, Alternative Fueling Station Counts by State, website accessed February 2016.

Return to 2016 Facts of the Week