Fact #902: December 7, 2015 Rural versus Urban Vehicle Miles of Travel by State

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In the United States, the U.S. Department of Transportation classifies 3.9 million miles of roadway as rural and 1.2 million miles of roadway as urban. Each state has a different travel pattern affecting the proportion of vehicle miles traveled (VMT) on rural versus urban roads. Massachusetts, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Connecticut, California, Hawaii, Florida, and Maryland are states with more than 80% urban VMT shown in darker shades of blue. North Dakota has the highest percentage of rural VMT of all states (shown in green). Other states, such as Wisconsin, Arkansas, and Alaska are close to an equal number of rural versus urban VMT.

Rural versus Urban VMT by State, 2013*
(Total U.S. VMT = 3 Trillion Miles)

Map of the U.S. showing rural versus urban vehicle miles traveled by state in 2013.

* The most recent data available are 2013.

Fact #902 Dataset

Supporting Information

Rural versus Urban VMT by State, 2013
State Rural VMT Share Urban VMT Share Million VMT
Alabama 46.6% 53.4% 65,046
Alaska 48.0% 52.0% 4,848
Arizona 23.5% 76.5% 60,586
Arkansas 48.0% 52.0% 33,493
California 15.7% 84.3% 329,534
Colorado 31.6% 68.4% 46,968
Connecticut 12.3% 87.7% 30,941
Delaware 32.8% 67.2% 9,308
Dist. of Columbia 0.0% 100.0% 3,527
Florida 18.0% 82.0% 192,702
Georgia 23.4% 76.6% 109,355
Hawaii 17.8% 82.2% 10,099
Idaho 58.1% 41.9% 15,980
Illinois 24.1% 75.9% 105,297
Indiana 37.2% 62.8% 78,311
Iowa 57.5% 42.5% 31,641
Kansas 47.9% 52.1% 30,208
Kentucky 57.8% 42.2% 46,996
Louisiana 41.4% 58.6% 47,758
Maine 72.4% 27.6% 14,129
Maryland 18.6% 81.4% 56,688
Massachusetts 4.6% 95.4% 56,311
Michigan 29.5% 70.5% 95,132
Minnesota 40.9% 59.1% 56,974
Mississippi 56.9% 43.1% 38,758
Missouri 41.0% 59.0% 69,458
Montana 69.3% 30.7% 12,033
Nebraska 58.1% 41.9% 19,322
Nevada 20.3% 79.7% 24,649
New Hampshire 39.3% 60.7% 12,903
New Jersey 6.1% 93.9% 74,530
New Mexico 57.3% 42.7% 25,086
New York 25.1% 74.9% 129,737
North Carolina 38.6% 61.4% 105,213
North Dakota 74.4% 25.6% 10,100
Ohio 29.5% 70.5% 112,767
Oklahoma 42.9% 57.1% 47,999
Oregon 44.5% 55.5% 33,706
Pennsylvania 35.8% 64.2% 98,628
Rhode Island 11.6% 88.4% 7,775
South Carolina 47.8% 52.2% 48,986
South Dakota 70.4% 29.6% 9,122
Tennessee 39.3% 60.7% 71,067
Texas 31.0% 69.0% 244,525
Utah 26.8% 73.2% 27,005
Vermont 73.9% 26.1% 7,116
Virginia 37.3% 62.7% 80,767
Washington 27.3% 72.7% 57,211
West Virginia 58.3% 41.7% 19,232
Wisconsin 51.7% 48.3% 59,486
Wyoming 69.2% 30.8% 9,309
Total 31.5% 68.5% 2,988,322

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics 2013, Washington, DC, 2014, Tables VM-2. Table HM-12 used for miles of rural and urban roadway cited in the text.

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