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Trucks are the primary mode of transportation for imports to the United States from Mexico and Canada when considering imports by value. Imports from Mexico increased nearly 50% from 2004 to 2016 totaling $294 billion adjusted for inflation. Of that value, 72% was transported by truck in 2016. Imports from Canada decreased by about 15% during that same period with a total value of $278 billion in 2016. Although trucks carry a lower percentage of import value from Canada than Mexico, the truck mode is still the largest single mode of transport from Canada accounting for 54% in 2016. A notable difference between Canada and Mexico is that pipeline accounts for a significant portion of import value from Canada while almost none from Mexico.

Value of Imports from Mexico and Canada, 2004-2016

Graphic showing the value of imports from Mexico from 2004 to 2016. See dataset for additional information.
Value of imports from Canada from 2004 to 2016. See dataset for additional information.

Note: "Other" category includes mail shipments and goods moved into or out of foreign-trade zones that cannot be subdivided into specific modes as well as other and unknown modes.

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Transportation Statistics, North American Transborder Freight Data, accessed July 25, 2017.

Adjusted for inflation using the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Consumer Price Index.

Fact #993 Dataset

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