The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides agencies with guidance and direction on how to increase water efficiency and reduce water use in federal buildings and campuses.
The key water-related requirements are contained in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 and the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Learn more about water efficiency requirements.
Agencies are also required to include water-efficient elements in new construction per the Guiding Principles for Sustainable Federal Buildings.
Start improving facility water management by following these steps.
- Develop a water management plan to improve water facility water management and meet water use reduction goals.
- Understand water metering: See the prioritization guide for building water meter applications and water meter selection guidelines.
- Investigate water end-uses using FEMP’s Water Evaluation Data Tool, which provides a method for collecting comprehensive water data during a building and campus walk-through survey.
- Develop a water balance using FEMP's Water Balance Tool, which estimates water use for major water end uses.
- Improve equipment operation by following technical operations and maintenance guidelines on common water equipment.
- Screen for water efficiency project ideas using the Water Project Screening Tool.
- Browse water efficiency best management practices, water-efficient technology opportunities, and cooling tower efficiency opportunities for data centers for project ideas.
- Investigate potential sources of alternative water to help offset the use of freshwater.
- Discover net zero building water strategies and design elements.
- Find training on how to better manage water use.
What Success Looks Like
Fact sheet covers the key components of cooling towers and how to improve water efficiency.
Fact sheet provides an overview of side stream filtration options for cooling towers.