The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded $118 million in funding for 17 projects to accelerate the production of sustainable biofuels for America’s transportation and manufacturing needs. The selected projects, located at universities and private companies, will drive the domestic production of biofuels and bioproducts by advancing biorefinery development, from pre-pilot to demonstration, to create sustainable fuels that reduce emissions associated with fossil fuels. Funding for this opportunity supports President Biden’s goals to deliver an equitable, clean energy future, and put the United States on a path to achieve net-zero emissions, economy-wide, by no later than 2050. Projects selected as part of this funding opportunity will contribute to meeting DOE’s goal to achieve cost-competitive biofuels and at least a 70% reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030.

Made from widely available domestic feedstocks and advanced refining technologies, energy-dense biofuels provide a pathway for low-carbon fuels that can lower greenhouse gas emissions throughout the transportation sector and accelerate the bioeconomy. Financing for novel biorefinery process systems can be a barrier to commercializing advanced biofuels, and this funding will reduce technological uncertainties and enable industry deployment.

The selected projects include pre-pilot, pilot, and demonstration projects that will scale-up existing biomass to fuel technologies that will eventually create millions of gallons of low-carbon fuel annually. By investing in these technologies, the projects will create good-paying jobs in rural and underserved communities in nine states. Plans submitted by the selected projects show intent to collaborate with local school districts to educate and train the bioenergy workforce of tomorrow.  Additionally, the funded projects align with renewable fuels goals in the first-ever U.S. National Blueprint for Transportation Decarbonization, a multi-agency framework for reducing emissions, creating a robust transportation workforce, and securing America’s energy independence. The projects also support the U.S. Sustainable Aviation Fuel Grand Challenge goal of enabling the production of three billion gallons of sustainable aviation fuel annually by 2030 and 35 billion gallons annually by 2050.

The 17 selected projects fall into four areas:  

  1. Pre-Pilot Scale-Up of Integrated Biorefineries, 
  2. Pilot Scale-Up of Integrated Biorefineries,  
  3. Demonstration Scale-Up of Integrated Biorefineries, and  
  4. Gen-1 Corn Ethanol Emission Reduction. 

The selected projects are located in nine states and Washington, DC, and focus on technologies including anaerobic digestion, conversion of cellulosic sugars to SAF, catalytic biorefining, among others.  

The following projects were selected:


Location (City, State)

Project Title

Federal Cost Share

Topic Area 1: Pre-Pilot Scale-Up of Integrated Biorefineries

Algenesis Corporation

Cardiff, CA

Pre-Pilot Scale Production of Algae-based Jet Fuel and Polyurethane Monomers


Captis Aire LLC

East Point, GA

Renewable Blending Components to Enable 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)



Comstock Inc.

Virginia City, NV

Production of Renewable Diesel, Sustainable Aviation Fuel, Gasoline, and Marine Fuel from Lignocellulosic Biomass at Dramatically Improved Yield, Efficiency, and Cost.



Global Algae Innovations

San Diego, CA

Algae Direct Air Capture Scale-up to Multi-Acre Raceways


MicroBio Engineering Inc.

San Luis Obispo, CA

Attached Algae Flow Ways for Biofuels Production Utilizing Air-CO2


Research Triangle Institute

Research Triangle Park, NC

A Corn Stover Pyrolysis Pathway for Sustainable Aviation Fuel



University of California: Riverside

Riverside, CA

Scale-up Demonstration of Hybrid Catalytic Biorefining of Biomass to Sustainable Aviation and Marine Fuels



University of Utah

Salt Lake City, UT

Entrained-Flow Biomass Gasification with Syngas Fermentation for Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuels



Viridos, Inc.

La Jolla, CA

Pre-pilot Integrated Sustainable Aviation Fuels Algae Biorefinery


Topic Area 2: Pilot Scale-Up of Integrated Biorefineries

LanzaTech, Inc.

Skokie, IL

RESTORE: Replenishing EcoSystems by Transforming Residues to Energy


MicroBio Engineering Inc.

San Luis Obispo, CA

Scale-up of Hydrothermal Liquefaction with Supercritical Water Oxidation in an Integrated Biorefinery


Topic Area 3: Demonstration Scale-Up of Integrated Biorefineries

Alder Fuels, LLC

Washington DC

Decarbonizing the Skies – Sustainable Aviation Fuel from Alder Biocrude Oil



Thomaston, GA

AVAP Biorefinery: Enabling Net Zero™


Topic Area 4: Gen-1 Corn Ethanol Emission Reduction

Green Plains

Omaha, NE

Emissions Reduction Technologies for Green Plains Biorefineries


Lincolnway Energy LLC

Nevada, IA

Reduced Carbon Intensity Ethanol via Biogas from Stillage & Other Feedstocks


Marquis, Inc

Hennepin, IL

Carbon Refining: Corn Ethanol 2.0


RenewCO2 Inc

Cranford, NJ

Integrated Electrocatalytic Conversion of CO2 from Bio-Ethanol Emissions into Carbon-Negative Chemicals



These awards will be administered by DOE’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), which is focused on developing technologies that convert domestic biomass and other waste resources into low-carbon biofuels and bioproducts.