Science Highlights

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Each year, scientists with the Office of Science, at our national laboratories, and supported by the Office of Science at the nation’s colleges and universities, publish thousands of research findings in the scientific literature. About 200 of these are selected annually by their respective program areas in the Office of Science as publication highlights of special note.

For the archive of past publication highlights, click here.

January 9, 2017
Seashell Formation Provides Understanding of Historic Oceanographic Conditions
Foraminifera are a group of marine protozoans with a fossil record that extends back to the earliest Cambrian period, offering one of the most
January 9, 2017
Light Strikes Gold
Gold is highly stable and has other attractive features suitable for various industrial and medical applications, but controlling the size and
January 9, 2017
How Moisture Affects the Way Soil Microbes Breathe
Moisture conditions in soil affect the respiration rate of heterotrophic microbes. A heterotrophic organism obtains its food and energy by taking
January 1, 2017
Rare Earth Recycling
Rare earth elements are crucial materials in many consumer products, such as electronics and automobiles. These elements currently have a
January 1, 2017
Ion–Electron Collisions Can Heal Material Defects
Typically, exposure of a material to energetic particles, such as ions or neutrons, creates many defects that result in damage to the structure.
December 14, 2016
Surrounded by Water
Scientists understand the macroscopic behavior of the interaction between water and acid, yet the microscopic behavior and the specific structures
December 14, 2016
New Properties Discovered in Atom-Wide Troughs
In the world of semiconductors, impurities and defects can be a good thing. They modify the properties of materials such as silicon, and scientists
December 14, 2016
Spinning the (X-ray) Light Fantastic
At the LCLS, researchers have demonstrated the generation of X-ray pulses with polarization control at photon energies from 280 eV to 1200 eV, by
December 14, 2016
Translating Basic Biological Research to Cancer Drug Discovery
First-generation BRAF inhibitors vemurafenib (PLX4032) and dabrafenib have demonstrated clinical efficacy in treating metastatic melanoma harboring
December 14, 2016
Not Your Typical “Cut Glass Crystal”
Using a focused laser beam, researchers demonstrated for the first time that single crystals could be written into a solid glass matrix as dots,
December 14, 2016
How to Convince Molecules to Self-Assemble into Precise Hollow Nanotubes
The self-assembly of complex molecules containing water-attracting (hydrophilic) and water-repelling (hydrophobic) segments in water is important
December 13, 2016
Polarized Partners: Spinning Electrons Yield Spinning Positrons
Researchers use accelerators to coax the electron into performing a wide range of tricks to enable medical tests and treatments, improve product
December 13, 2016
Helium: When You Must be Sure it’s Ultra-Pure
Answering difficult scientific questions about the nature of the universe requires isotopically purified helium (4He). The isotope 3
December 6, 2016
HEP-2016-12-a-lrg
Shattering Protons in High-Energy Collisions Confirms Higgs Boson Production
The 2012 discovery of a Higgs boson by two of the Large Hadron Collider’s (LHC’s) experiments—ATLAS (for ‎A Toroidal LHC
December 5, 2016
HEP-2016-12-b-lrg
New Limits in the Search for Sterile Neutrinos
The detection of neutrino oscillations, a discovery that garnered the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics, is a proof that neutrinos have mass –
November 30, 2016
Giving Friction the Slip with New Carbon Films
Tribology—the study of friction, wear, and lubrication—is critical to the efficiency and durability of engines and other moving metal
November 30, 2016
How to 3D Print on the Nanoscale
Precision control of nanometer scale 3D fabrication has been a longstanding research goal. Now, researchers have developed a 3D simulation that
November 30, 2016
Lining up for New High-Density Memory Devices
Scientists grew a vertically aligned nanocomposites lattice matched on a SrTiO3 (STO) substrate using laser deposition. These micrometer-thick
November 30, 2016
DNA + Nanoparticles = Self-Assembled “Diamond”
For the first time, scientists devised ordered arrays (superlattices) of nanoparticles, which organize in the same way that carbon atoms do within
November 29, 2016
Make No Assumptions in Building a Better Battery
Zinc-manganese oxide rechargeable batteries have been studied for more than 20 years, but the batteries usually stop working after a limited number
November 29, 2016
Magnetic Discovery Could Be Tip of the “Ice”berg
Current magnetic storage and recording devices, such as computer hard disks, contain nanomagnets with two polarities, each of which is used to
November 22, 2016
BES-2016-11-i-lrg
Small, Efficient Solutions for a Big-Name Pollutant
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless and odorless gas that is potentially fatal at elevated concentrations due to the prevention of oxygen flow to
November 22, 2016
BES-2016-11-h-lrg
Confined Water at Fahrenheit -451
The interactions of water with the surrounding rock matrix are responsible for geothermal energy, the formation of many ore deposits, and a number
November 22, 2016
BES-2016-11-g-lrg
Nanoparticle Catalysts Outperform Single Metal Atoms
Catalysis routinely allows an amazingly large number of chemical reactions to proceed under conditions where such reactions would ordinarily be
November 22, 2016
BES-2016-11-f-lrg
Re-Energizing the Lithium-Ion Battery
In recent years, lithium-ion batteries have saturated the electronics market due to their widespread use in cell phones, laptop computers, and