Each year, scientists with the Office of Science, at our national laboratories, and supported by the Office of Science at the nation’s colleges and universities, publish thousands of research findings in the scientific literature. About 200 of these are selected annually by their respective program areas in the Office of Science as publication highlights of special note.

For the archive of past publication highlights, click here.

November 22, 2022

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Rethinking Winter Carbon Cycling

Scientists investigate virus-host interactions at sub-freezing temperatures in Arctic peat soil.

November 17, 2022

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For Protons and Neutrons, Things Aren’t the Same Inside Nuclei

Nuclear physicists find that the internal structures of protons and neutrons may be altered in different ways inside nuclei.

November 15, 2022

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For Grassland Soil Viruses, Precipitation Shapes Diversity, Abundance, and Function

Historical precipitation influences soil viruses and their functional potential in grassland soils.

November 10, 2022

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Theorists Propose a Novel Way to Measure Gluons’ Orbital Motion

Predictions for future measurements at the Electron-Ion Collider may help solve ‘proton spin’ mystery.

November 8, 2022

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Moisture Matters for Viruses in Soil

Soil moisture influences the activity of soil DNA viruses and the composition and abundance of RNA viruses.

November 3, 2022

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Predicting Explosive Energy Bursts in Compact Fusion Power Plants

New discovery allows scientists to better stabilize the plasma in future compact fusion reactors.

November 1, 2022

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Dissecting the Ecology of Microalgae and Bacteria across Time and Space

A new cultivation technology called a “porous microplate” reveals how photosynthetic microalgae interact with their micro-environment.

October 27, 2022

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How Do Neutrons Interact with Reactor Materials?

Researchers study the energy and angular dependence of how neutrons scatter off materials to improve reactor safety and efficiency.

October 25, 2022

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Synthetic Genetic Circuits Reprogram Plant Roots

Scientists use engineered gene circuits in plants to control gene expression and root architecture.

October 20, 2022

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Microbes in Arctic Soils Are Primed to React to Climate Change

Microbes in Arctic soils are equipped to respond rapidly to the diverse effects of ongoing permafrost thaw.