Each year, scientists with the Office of Science, at our national laboratories, and supported by the Office of Science at the nation’s colleges and universities, publish thousands of research findings in the scientific literature. About 200 of these are selected annually by their respective program areas in the Office of Science as publication highlights of special note.

For the archive of past publication highlights, click here.

February 22, 2024

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Physicists Remotely Sense Radioactive Decay to Probe Fundamental Forces and Particles

The Project 8 and He6-CRES collaborations use a new technique to set an upper limit on neutrino mass and prepare to test the nature of the weak force.

February 20, 2024

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Surprising Strategies: Scientists Quantify the Activity of Algal-Associated Bacteria at the Microscale

High resolution isotope analysis of the algal microbiome identifies ecological strategies not predicted by genome content.

February 16, 2024

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Fair Play for Data: Researchers Develop Practical FAIR Principles for Data Sets

FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable) principles facilitate the use of large data sets by human and machine researchers.

February 14, 2024

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Scientists Locate the Missing Mass Inside the Proton

Nuclear physicists have found the location of matter inside the proton that comes from the strong force - a fundamental force that holds protons together.

February 12, 2024

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Researchers Directly Detect Interactions Between Viruses and their Bacterial Hosts in Soils

The first application of High-Throughput Chromosome Conformation Capture (Hi-C) Metagenome Sequencing to soil captures phage-host interactions at the time of sampling.

February 9, 2024

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How the Quantum World Can Help Scientists Engineer Biology

Improving genome engineering with quantum biology and artificial intelligence.

February 7, 2024

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Gluon Spins Align with the Proton They’re In

A measurement tracking ‘direct’ photons from polarized proton collisions points to positive gluon polarization.

February 5, 2024

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Creating a Virus-Resistant Bacterium Using a Synthetic Engineered Genome

Scientists engineered a model bacterium's genetic code to make it virus-resistant and unable to exchange genetic material or grow without special media.

February 2, 2024

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Machine Learning Techniques Enhance the Discovery of Excited Nuclear Levels in Sulfur-38

Forefront nuclear physics capabilities and machine-learning data analyses combine to generate new information on quantum energy levels in sulfur-38.

January 31, 2024

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Beyond Ice Cubes: Researchers Bring Complex Shapes to Sea-Ice Dynamics Models

Voronoi tessellation meshes focus on sea ice areas of interest and reduce computer resource needs.