Each year, scientists with the Office of Science, at our national laboratories, and supported by the Office of Science at the nation’s colleges and universities, publish thousands of research findings in the scientific literature. About 200 of these are selected annually by their respective program areas in the Office of Science as publication highlights of special note.

For the archive of past publication highlights, click here.

September 29, 2023

Using a Gas Jet to Bring Cosmic X-Ray Bursts into the Laboratory

A unique study of a key reaction in X-ray burst nucleosynthesis bolsters the theoretical models used to calculate reaction rates.

September 27, 2023

Scientists Build a Spatial Atlas of the Chloroplast Proteome, the Home of Photosynthesis

By collecting the locations of 1,000-plus chloroplast-associated proteins, the atlas offers insights into protein functions and chloroplast organization.

September 25, 2023

Calculation Shows Why Heavy Quarks Get Caught Up in the Flow

New results will help physicists interpret experimental data from particle collisions and better understand the interactions of quarks and gluons.

September 22, 2023

Why Is It So Hard to Make Batteries Smaller and Lighter?

Scientists freeze and cut a battery in half to look inside and reveal why it fails.

September 20, 2023

Novel Framework Improves the Efficiency of Complex Supercomputer Physics Calculations

MemHC improves the efficiency of complex supercomputer physics calculations by optimizing memory management.

September 18, 2023

Perovskite Stability and Solar Conversion Performance Improve in Materials with Less Bromide Migration

Researchers find a way to improve the stability of hybrid organic-inorganic crystals called mixed halide-perovskites, a promising material for solar cells.

September 15, 2023

Observing the Coherent Motion of Electrons with an Attosecond Stopwatch

Scientists illuminate the quantum dynamics of electrons in highly excited molecules.

September 13, 2023

Scientists Probe the Source of Key Hydrocarbons on Earth—and in Space

A molecule found in combustion on Earth and surrounding some stars can lead to the formation of an important organic hydrocarbon.

September 11, 2023

Plastic Deformation Engineering Dramatically Enhances Quantum Phenomena

Scientists use a common engineering approach to enhance the superconductivity and induce ferroelectricity in the quantum material strontium titanate.

September 8, 2023

New Material Enables an Ultrafast Electron Diffraction Probe for Quantum Materials

Bright electron beams unlock the study of small, thin materials on ultrafast timescales.