Science Highlights

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Each year, scientists with the Office of Science, at our national laboratories, and supported by the Office of Science at the nation’s colleges and universities, publish thousands of research findings in the scientific literature. About 200 of these are selected annually by their respective program areas in the Office of Science as publication highlights of special note.

For the archive of past publication highlights, click here.

August 18, 2017
Extreme-Scale Code Models Extremely Hot Plasma to Explain Spontaneous Transition
To achieve its goal, ITER’s core ion temperature must be around 15 keV, or over 10 times hotter than in the core of the sun. At the same time
August 18, 2017
A New Oxidation State for Plutonium
The researchers synthesized a Pu(III) starting material, PuCp”3 (Cp” = the substituted anionic cyclopentadienyl ring [C
August 18, 2017
A Traffic Cop for Molecules
Materials with rigid ultra small micropores provide selectivity that controls the motion of individual molecules to improve separation between
August 18, 2017
Creating a Molecular Super Sponge, from the Ground Up
The structure of NU-1301 represents a new three-dimensional net, named Northwestern University Net (nun), which has been added to the reticular
August 14, 2017
Physicists Move Closer to Listening In on Sub-Atomic Conversation
Much like two friendly neighbors getting together to chat over a cup of coffee, the minuscule particles in our subatomic world also come together
August 3, 2017
Making an Ultra-small Silicon “Chip”
Rational synthesis is the strategic choice of a sequence of chemical reactions leading to a desired chemical target. The application of rational
August 3, 2017
When Strontium is Away, Iridium Comes Out to Play
Water splitting, which generates hydrogen and oxygen gas, plays a key role in renewable energy technologies by producing molecules that can be used
August 3, 2017
How to Keep a Vital Diagnostic Isotope in Stock
Positron emission tomography (PET) typically relies on relatively short-lived positron emitters, i.e., radioisotopes that decay with the emission
July 21, 2017
Quantum Computing Building Blocks
Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology created a wholly suitable pathway for the large-scale production of quantum logic gates.
July 21, 2017
On Track towards a Zika Virus Vaccine
The research team from the Rockefeller University and Caltech, along with collaborators working in Pau da Lima, Brazil and Santa Maria Mixtequilla,
July 12, 2017
Seedlings Face Uphill Battle with Climate Change
Climate warming is expected to promote upslope shifts in forests. However, researchers working with common gardens sown with seeds collected from
July 12, 2017
Soils Could Release Much More Carbon than Expected as Climate Warms
Soil organic carbon harbors three times as much carbon as Earth’s atmosphere, more than half of that below the 20-centimeter (0.66-foot)
July 12, 2017
Scientists Program Yeast to Turn Plant Sugars into Biodiesel
The researchers used a mathematical model to identify the bottlenecks in the production of oil in the industrial yeast Yarrowia lipolytica
July 12, 2017
Weaving a Fermented Path to Nylons
Millions of tons of nylon is produced annually requiring harsh conditions. Manufacturing nylon involves making five- and six-member ring compound
July 12, 2017
Loosening of Lignocellulose: Switchgrass and Success in Sugar Release
The plant cell wall is primarily made up of three biopolymers: lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose. Lignin’s complex architecture provides
July 11, 2017
Unraveling the Molecular Complexity of Cellular Machines and Environmental Processes
As the highest performance mass spectrometry technique, the FTICR MS has become increasingly valuable in recent years for research applications.
July 11, 2017
Speeding Up Catalysts for Energy Storage
Nature uses catalysts to generate fuels to store energy in chemical bonds. Scientists have struggled to design fuel-producing catalysts based on
July 11, 2017
FIONA to Take on the Periodic Table’s Heavyweights
FIONA was installed in November 2016 at Berkeley Lab’s 88-inch Cyclotron. FIONA is an enhancement to a long-running machine called the
July 11, 2017
Watching Neutrons Flow
By colliding 70Zn projectiles moving at one quarter the speed of light with stationary 70Zn nuclei, nuclear physics
July 7, 2017
Studying Crowd Behavior at MINERvA
Laser Stripping Powers Protons
The conventional method of merging beam pulses starts with an incoming pulse of energized hydrogen ions, H-, or a proton with two electrons, merges
June 23, 2017
Magnetic Curve Balls
Magnetic skyrmions are stable magnetic objects that are a few nanometers to microns in size with an atom-sized core surrounded by an axially
June 23, 2017
New “Gold Standard” for Flexible Electronics
Researchers developed a simple and inexpensive new process for making single crystalline, wafer-size, flexible, transparent, and conductive gold
June 23, 2017
Magnetic Particles that Flock Like Birds
Previous investigations of colloids energized by magnetic fields revealed that they are a form of “active matter”—assemblies of
June 23, 2017
Breaking the Rules to Make Electricity from Waste Heat
Cage-like metallic compounds called clathrates have the potential to be used as thermoelectric materials for harvesting waste heat and turning it
June 23, 2017
Graphene Ribbons Result in 100-Fold Increase in Gold Catalyst’s Performance
Catalysts—specialized chemicals that make catalytic converters function and control a host of chemical processes in industry—are used