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April 24, 2018
A Novel Method for Comparing Plant Genes
A Novel Method for Comparing Plant Genes
The water-saving characteristics developed by CAM plants allow for survival in arid climates. Plant species such as orchid, pineapple, and
April 23, 2018
A Game Changer: Protein Clustering Powered by Supercomputers
A Game Changer: Protein Clustering Powered by Supercomputers
Given an arbitrary graph or network, it is difficult to know the most efficient way to visit all of the nodes and links. A random walk gets a sense
April 11, 2018
Getting Magnesium Ions to Pick Up the Pace
Getting Magnesium Ions to Pick Up the Pace
The remarkable mobility of lithium ions in solids has been a key factor in the development of commercial lithium-ion batteries. A generally
April 9, 2018
How to Turn Light Into Atomic Vibrations
How to Turn Light Into Atomic Vibrations
Light could induce desirable structural changes in thin sheets of materials. These materials could have applications ranging from data storage
March 14, 2018
Predicting a New Phase of Superionic Ice
Predicting a New Phase of Superionic Ice
Possibly residing on ice-rich planets in our solar system and beyond, superionic ice is an exotic type of ice that exists at high temperature and
March 14, 2018
Unlocking On-Package Memory’s Effects on High-Performance Computing’s Scientific Kernels
Unlocking On-Package Memory’s Effects on High-Performance Computing’s Scientific Kernels
The researchers conducted a thorough experimental evaluation to discern how modern OPMs affected the performance and power efficiency of important
March 14, 2018
The Secret Lives of Cells
The Secret Lives of Cells
This work and the FoldME model provide a comprehensive, genome-scale understanding of how cells adapt under environmental stress, with statistical
March 14, 2018
Chasing Storms through Terabytes of Data
Chasing Storms through Terabytes of Data
Climate simulations create massive amounts of data (“big data”), requiring sophisticated pattern recognition. Simulations that today
March 14, 2018
Data Dive: How Microbes Handle Poor Nutrition in Tropical Soil
Data Dive: How Microbes Handle Poor Nutrition in Tropical Soil
Applying metagenomics and metaproteomics techniques along with high-performance computing at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, the team
March 9, 2018
Not Part of the Problem
It’s Not Part of the Problem, but Part of the Solution
Rationally designed metal-binding ligands, such as bis-triazine phenanthrolines, have shown great promise for separating actinides over other
February 28, 2018
The Shape of Things to Come for Quantum Materials?
The Shape of Things to Come for Quantum Materials?
Most 2-D crystals studied to date are a lattice of hexagons—for example, graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, and black phosphorus
February 27, 2018
CUORE Constrains Neutrino Properties
CUORE Constrains Neutrino Properties
Many questions about the fundamental nature of neutrinos remain open, including whether or not a neutrino is its own antiparticle. If so,
February 16, 2018
Single Atoms in Nano-Cages
Single Atoms in Nano-Cages
Single atoms of inert argon gas were trapped at room temperature in silicate nano-cages, which are formed as 2-D honeycomb-like arrays on a surface
February 13, 2018
Defects and Surface Reactions Boost Batteries
Defects and Surface Reactions Boost Batteries
Olivine lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) is an important electrode material used for lithium-ion batteries. Single crystalline micro
February 12, 2018
Unwavering Juggler With Three Extra Electrons
Unwavering Juggler With Three Extra Electrons
Researchers have found a new way to predict the stability of multiply charged molecules using high-throughput simulations, which are becoming an
January 6, 2018
What’s the Noise Eating Quantum Bits?
What’s the Noise Eating Quantum Bits?
In quantum computing, quantum information is lost due to a loss of synchronization (dephasing) in the electronic flow and energy relaxation.
December 19, 2017
Proton-Proton Fusion: Powering the Sun
Proton-Proton Fusion: Powering the Sun
The Nuclear Physics with Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics Collaboration (NPLQCD), under the umbrella of the U.S. Quantum Chromodynamics Collaboration
December 19, 2017
Neutron Star Mergers Create Heavy Elements
Neutron Star Mergers Create Heavy Elements
GW170817 was the first gravitational wave detection involving objects with masses typical of neutron stars. Gamma-rays from it were observed by the
December 12, 2017
Is There Structure in Glass Disorder?
Is There Structure in Glass Disorder?
Bulk metallic glasses are a class of metals that lack an ordered crystalline structure. This feature leads to unique properties, but it also
December 12, 2017
Bending a New Tool for Low Power Computing
Bending a New Tool for Low Power Computing
A future type of energy-efficient electronics is called spintronics. A challenge in spintronics is tuning how spins move to create current, called
October 2, 2017
Speeding Materials Discovery Puts Solar Fuels on the Fast Track to Commercial Viability
Speeding Materials Discovery Puts Solar Fuels on the Fast Track to Commercial Viability
Pure hydrogen is highly flammable, making it an ideal fuel. If you could find a way to extract that hydrogen from water using sunlight, then, you
September 7, 2017
First Look at a Living  Cell Membrane
First Look at a Living Cell Membrane
Examining a living cellular membrane has remained an unsolved challenge up to this point due to the dynamic, chemically diverse, and fragile nature
August 18, 2017
Avoiding Disruptions  that Halt Fusion Reactions
Avoiding Disruptions that Halt Fusion Reactions
The tokamak is an efficient design for confining superheated plasmas with magnetic fields because much of the magnetic field is produced by
August 18, 2017
Extreme-Scale Code  Models Extremely Hot Plasma to Explain Spontaneous Transition
Extreme-Scale Code Models Extremely Hot Plasma to Explain Spontaneous Transition
To achieve its goal, ITER’s core ion temperature must be around 15 keV, or over 10 times hotter than in the core of the sun. At the same time
August 14, 2017
Physicists Move Closer to Listening In  on Sub-Atomic Conversation
Physicists Move Closer to Listening In on Sub-Atomic Conversation
Much like two friendly neighbors getting together to chat over a cup of coffee, the minuscule particles in our subatomic world also come together