ASCR Highlights

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December 23, 2018
Deep Learning for Electron Microscopy
MENNDL, an artificial intelligence system, automatically designed an optimal deep learning network to extract structural information from raw
December 12, 2018
Future Loss of Arctic Sea-Ice Cover Could Contribute to the Substantial Decrease in California’s Rainfall
The dramatic Arctic sea-ice loss observed over the satellite era has intensified debate into whether these high-latitude changes are affecting
December 6, 2018
The Biermann Battery Effect: Spontaneous Generation of Magnetic Fields and Their Severing
Magnetic reconnection occurs when oppositely directed magnetic fields are forced together in plasmas, which are excellent electrical conductors. A
December 6, 2018
Subtlety and the Selective Art of Separating Lanthanides
Fundamental understanding of selective recognition and separation of lanthanide ions by chelating agents is of crucial importance for advancing
November 26, 2018
Optimal Foraging: How Soil Microbes Adapt to Nutrient Constraints
A team of scientists set out to determine whether the theory of optimal foraging, which suggests any ecological community will adjust its
November 21, 2018
More Designer Peptides, More Possibilities
Scientists from the University of Washington, Stanford University, and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) created a computational
October 16, 2018
Placing Atoms for Optimum Catalysts
The team began with a flat piece of ruthenium metal. On top of the metal, they grew graphene, which is a one-atom-thick layer of carbon. In this
August 28, 2018
Highest Precision Prediction of Muon “Wobble”
Scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) ran a version of the “muon wobble” experiment, known as “Muon g-2,” in
August 27, 2018
Riding the Wave of Liquid:Liquid Interfaces
Decades of research have empirically shown optimal conditions for a variety of separations applications, making use of specific combinations of
August 21, 2018
Reducing Friction with an Onion-Like Carbon Material
In 2015, a multidisciplinary team from Argonne National Laboratory created a material consisting of graphene, nanodiamond particles, and diamond
August 21, 2018
Auroras on the Moon? Which Moon?
High-energy electrons play an important role in auroras. However, previous dynamical simulations either did not incorporate critical electron
August 13, 2018
Deep Learning Stretches Up to Scientific Supercomputers
Machine learning techniques hold potential for enabling scientists to extract valuable insights from large, complex data sets being produced by
August 9, 2018
Complex Networks Identify Genes for Biofuel Crops
Biological organisms are complex systems composed of functional networks of interacting molecules and macromolecules. Complex traits (phenotypes)
August 6, 2018
Quantum Computing of an Atomic Nucleus
Quantum computers promise to solve “exponentially hard” problems, such as computing the structure of molecules, atoms, or atomic nuclei
June 22, 2018
Predicting Magnetic Explosions: From Plasma Current Sheet Disruption to Fast Magnetic Reconnection
The computer simulations are fully corroborated by the theoretical predictions of a new phenomenological theory, putting the conclusions on a solid
June 19, 2018
Sense Like a Shark: Saltwater-Submersible Films
Designing materials for sensors that function at peak performance in relatively harsh environments, such as saltwater, is of interest to
June 1, 2018
Simulations of Magnetically Confined Plasmas Reveal a Self-Regulating Stabilizing Mechanism
The mechanism behind the magnetic flux pumping in the numerical simulations works as follows: if the central current profile is flat and if the
June 1, 2018
Simulating Turbulent Bubbly Flows in Nuclear Reactors
Researchers are shedding light on boiling phenomena, bubble formation, and turbulent liquid/gas flows in nuclear reactor geometries. Using ALCF
May 30, 2018
How to Draw a Line Narrower Than a Cold Virus
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) researchers at the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences rastered a highly focused helium-ion beam through a
May 9, 2018
Huge “Thermometer” Takes Temperatures of Tiny Samples
Huge “Thermometer” Takes Temperatures of Tiny Samples
Atoms are always shaking. The higher the temperature, the more the atoms shake. In this study, scientists used a specialized instrument made by the
April 25, 2018
Keeping Tabs on Polysulfides in Batteries
Keeping Tabs on Polysulfides in Batteries
The lithium-sulfur battery has a theoretical energy density much greater than commercial lithium-ion batteries; however, the technology exhibits
April 24, 2018
A Novel Method for Comparing Plant Genes
A Novel Method for Comparing Plant Genes
The water-saving characteristics developed by CAM plants allow for survival in arid climates. Plant species such as orchid, pineapple, and
April 23, 2018
A Game Changer: Protein Clustering Powered by Supercomputers
A Game Changer: Protein Clustering Powered by Supercomputers
Given an arbitrary graph or network, it is difficult to know the most efficient way to visit all of the nodes and links. A random walk gets a sense
April 11, 2018
Getting Magnesium Ions to Pick Up the Pace
Getting Magnesium Ions to Pick Up the Pace
The remarkable mobility of lithium ions in solids has been a key factor in the development of commercial lithium-ion batteries. A generally
April 9, 2018
How to Turn Light Into Atomic Vibrations
How to Turn Light Into Atomic Vibrations
Light could induce desirable structural changes in thin sheets of materials. These materials could have applications ranging from data storage