The Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) Program advances a diverse set of CDR approaches in service of facilitating gigatonne-scale removal by mid-century. It emphasizes rigorous analysis of life cycle impacts and has a deep commitment to justice. The program invests in CDR technologies, such as direct air capture and direct ocean capture with durable storage; biomass with carbon removal and storage; and mineralization concepts to remove legacy emissions and address emissions from hard-to-abate sectors.

The Carbon Conversion (CC) Program invests in research, development, and demonstration. It supports the ecosystem to deploy technologies that recycle CO2 into value-added products. To create products such as CO2-based building materials, fuels, and chemicals, the Program focuses on mineralization, catalytic conversion, and biological approaches. Through these investments, the CC Program can help the United States achieve the goals of a net-zero carbon economy by 2050, while simultaneously developing the industries of the future in equitable and just ways.