Energy Earthshots™ are the frontiers of the clean energy transition. The future is being built with fearless innovation. 

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The climate crisis calls for a different kind of moonshot. Energy Earthshots™ will accelerate breakthroughs of more abundant, affordable, and reliable clean energy solutions within the decade.  They will drive the major innovation breakthroughs that we know we must achieve to solve the climate crisis, reach our 2050 net-zero carbon goals, and create the jobs of the new clean energy economy. The Energy Earthshots target the remaining solution points of the most challenging technical problems across our energy economy. 

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Carbon Negative Shot

Remove CO2 from the atmosphere and durably store it at meaningful scales for less than $100/net metric ton of CO2-equivalent within a decade.

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Clean Fuels & Products Shot

Decarbonize the fuel and chemical industry through alternative sources of carbon to advance cost-effective technologies.

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Enhanced Geothermal Shot

Reduce the cost of enhanced geothermal systems by 90%, to $45 per megawatt hour by 2035 to unlock Earth’s nearly inexhaustible heat resources to provide reliable, clean power for Americans and expand opportunities for a robust domestic geothermal industry. 

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Floating Offshore Wind Shot

Drive down costs to $45 per megawatt hour by 2035 to spur U.S. leadership in floating offshore wind technology, accelerate decarbonization, and deliver benefits for coastal communities. 

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Hydrogen Shot

Accelerate innovation and spur demand of clean hydrogen by reducing the cost by 80%, to $1 per 1 kilogram of clean hydrogen within 1 decade. 

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Industrial Heat Shot

Develop cost-competitive industrial heat decarbonization technologies with at least 85% lower greenhouse gas emissions by 2035. 

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Long Duration Storage Shot

Achieve affordable grid storage for clean power—anytime, anywhere—by reducing the cost of grid-scale energy storage by 90% for systems that deliver 10+ hours of duration within the decade. 

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Affordable Home Energy Shot

Reduce the cost of energy-efficient retrofits in affordable homes by 50% and decrease residents’ energy costs by at least 20% within a decade.

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Energy Earthshots™ is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Energy.