This project was funded by the DOE’s Water Power Technologies Office (WPTO) and carried out under the framework of WPTO’s HydroWIRES initiative by a project team consisting of five national laboratories. The project team was led by Argonne National Laboratory, and included Idaho National Laboratory, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

In addition, the project team collaborated with the Absaroka Energy and Rye Development, the developers of the two proposed PSH projects that were analyzed during the study.

The project team also closely collaborated with a Technical Advisory Group (TAG), which included prominent experts from hydropower industry, grid operators, consulting companies, industry research organizations, regulatory agencies, and other stakeholders.

In engaging the hydropower industry and stakeholders, the project team closely collaborated with the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC). NARUC provided technical support and assisted the project team in organizing the industry outreach events, workshops and webinars, as well as in coordinating and facilitating the interactions with the TAG.

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