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The number of transmission speeds (gears) in new light vehicles has been growing over the last few decades. A greater number of gears improve fuel economy and performance by more closely matching the wheel speed to the optimum engine speed. By 2016, over half of all cars and light trucks were 6-speed. The sales share of 7–10-speed transmissions grew to 18% of cars and 22% of light trucks. Continuously variable transmissions (CVTs) were more than one-quarter of the car market and 13.3% of the light truck market.

Market Share of Transmission Speeds, 1980-2016

Market share of transmission speeds for cars and light trucks from 1980 to 2016.

Fact #979 Dataset

Supporting Information

Market Share of Transmission Speeds, 1980-2016
Cars
Model Year3-speed4-speed5-speed6-speed7-10-speedCVT
198065.6%22.0%12.4%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198160.7%24.8%14.5%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198254.8%29.8%15.4%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198349.8%31.0%19.2%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198452.2%29.9%17.9%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198546.0%35.4%18.6%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198642.8%36.9%20.3%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198738.6%39.8%21.6%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198836.1%44.1%19.8%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198932.4%49.5%17.9%0.0%0.0%0.1%
199028.3%54.1%17.5%0.1%0.0%0.0%
199124.7%56.3%18.9%0.1%0.0%0.0%
199224.6%59.0%16.3%0.1%0.0%0.0%
199320.2%63.0%16.6%0.2%0.0%0.0%
199413.8%69.6%16.3%0.3%0.0%0.0%
199510.1%73.3%16.2%0.4%0.0%0.0%
19969.2%75.7%14.7%0.3%0.0%0.0%
19977.6%76.5%15.5%0.3%0.0%0.1%
19985.5%77.3%16.8%0.3%0.0%0.1%
19994.3%79.1%16.1%0.5%0.0%0.0%
20005.5%75.8%17.9%0.8%0.0%0.0%
20013.4%75.1%20.2%1.2%0.0%0.2%
20020.8%76.6%20.3%1.9%0.0%0.4%
20030.0%67.5%27.9%3.1%0.0%1.5%
20040.0%64.5%28.4%5.0%0.4%1.7%
20050.0%57.3%33.7%5.8%0.4%2.8%
20060.0%47.5%35.4%12.5%1.9%2.7%
20070.0%36.8%34.7%16.5%2.3%9.7%
20080.0%39.3%28.2%19.0%2.6%10.9%
20090.0%35.1%31.4%19.3%3.1%11.1%
20100.0%29.5%20.2%33.0%3.4%13.9%
20110.0%15.9%12.9%53.7%5.5%11.9%
20120.0%6.9%14.8%57.2%6.1%15.0%
20130.0%5.8%8.6%60.0%7.5%18.0%
20140.0%2.6%4.4%58.0%10.1%25.0%
20150.0%1.8%1.1%52.4%14.9%29.9%
20160.0%2.8%0.8%52.7%17.5%26.3%
Light Trucks
Model Year3-speed4-speed5-speed6-speed7-10-speedCVT
198063.9%25.3%10.8%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198158.9%27.2%13.9%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198250.8%33.0%16.2%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198330.8%50.8%18.4%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198435.7%42.9%21.4%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198537.7%40.9%21.4%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198629.5%39.6%30.9%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198726.2%43.9%29.9%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198822.5%45.9%31.6%0.0%0.0%0.0%
198915.4%54.9%29.7%0.0%0.0%0.0%
199013.1%61.0%25.9%0.0%0.0%0.0%
19917.8%61.2%31.0%0.0%0.0%0.0%
19928.5%66.1%25.4%0.0%0.0%0.0%
19937.5%68.5%24.0%0.0%0.0%0.0%
19945.9%70.8%23.3%0.0%0.0%0.0%
19955.2%74.4%20.4%0.0%0.0%0.0%
19965.6%78.8%15.6%0.0%0.0%0.0%
19974.2%75.7%20.1%0.0%0.0%0.0%
19982.4%78.7%18.9%0.0%0.0%0.0%
19991.7%84.1%14.2%0.0%0.0%0.0%
20001.6%85.7%12.7%0.0%0.0%0.0%
20011.0%83.0%16.0%0.0%0.0%0.0%
20020.6%76.1%23.3%0.0%0.0%0.0%
20030.1%71.0%28.2%0.0%0.0%0.6%
20040.0%63.2%35.5%0.8%0.0%0.6%
20050.0%54.3%41.9%2.1%0.0%1.8%
20060.0%48.0%44.3%3.8%0.8%3.1%
20070.0%45.8%38.0%11.5%1.0%3.6%
20080.0%37.9%37.4%19.9%1.2%3.6%
20090.0%23.4%33.7%35.2%1.6%6.0%
20100.0%16.4%29.1%46.7%1.9%5.9%
20110.0%11.9%26.5%50.5%3.8%7.3%
20120.0%10.4%24.4%54.6%4.4%6.2%
20130.0%4.7%20.2%60.3%6.0%8.8%
20140.0%1.5%12.7%59.1%16.6%10.1%
20150.0%1.1%9.0%56.7%17.8%15.3%
20160.0%0.6%5.0%58.9%22.3%13.3%

Note: Market share is based on light vehicle production.
Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2016 Vehicle Technologies Market Report, May 2017.

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