Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) include both battery electric vehicles (BEVs) which run only on electricity, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) which run on electricity and/or gasoline. Considering all PEVs within a state in 2014, the map below shows states with a greater share of BEVs in red and states with a greater share of PHEVs in blue. Those states where the BEVs and PHEVs are near 50/50 are a neutral color. Georgia had by far the highest percentage of BEVs (84%) of total PEVs. Generous state incentives for purchasing a BEV in Georgia likely account for this high percentage. Hawaii had the next highest share, followed by Washington, Tennessee, Oregon, Utah, and Texas – all with more than 50% BEVs of all plug-ins registered in the State. States such as Michigan, Montana, North Dakota, Wyoming, and Maine had higher shares of PHEV registrations. For these states and a number of others, PHEVs, which can run on gasoline if necessary, are the most common type of PEV.

Share of BEVs and PHEVs by State, 2014

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Notes:
PEV – Plug-in electric vehicle (includes BEV and PHEV)
BEV – Battery electric vehicle (also referred to as an all-electric vehicle)
PHEV – Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (has a gasoline engine as a backup for when the battery is depleted.)
PEV and BEV registrations include all PEVs and BEVs under 10,000 lbs. gross vehicle weight registered in the state in July 2014.

Fact #877 Dataset

Supporting Information

Share of BEVs and PHEVs by State, 2014
 All PEVs
StateBEV SharePHEV Share
Alabama32%68%
Alaska28%72%
Arizona49%51%
Arkansas21%79%
California49%51%
Colorado48%52%
Connecticut33%67%
Delaware31%69%
District of Columbia38%62%
Florida43%57%
Georgia84%16%
Hawaii76%24%
Idaho35%65%
Illinois44%56%
Indiana35%65%
Iowa24%76%
Kansas29%71%
Kentucky23%77%
Louisiana36%64%
Maine18%82%
Maryland29%71%
Massachusetts39%61%
Michigan12%88%
Minnesota23%77%
Mississippi29%71%
Missouri38%62%
Montana18%82%
Nebraska27%73%
Nevada47%53%
New Hampshire30%70%
New Jersey38%62%
New Mexico41%59%
New York25%75%
North Carolina45%55%
North Dakota18%82%
Ohio27%73%
Oklahoma45%55%
Oregon60%40%
Pennsylvania33%67%
Rhode Island20%80%
South Carolina37%63%
South Dakota23%78%
Tennessee66%34%
Texas53%47%
Utah58%42%
Vermont23%77%
Virginia37%63%
Washington70%30%
West Virginia19%81%
Wisconsin23%77%
Wyoming27%73%
All47%53%

Source: National Renewable Energy Laboratory analysis, R.L. Polk, POLK_VIO_DETAIL_2014, May 2015.

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