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Primary energy imports have declined by about 34% since the peak reached in 2007. During this same period, exports of primary energy have more than doubled. The combination of decreasing imports and rising exports of primary energy have resulted in the lowest net imports (difference between imports and exports) since 1986.

Primary Energy Imports and Exports, 1950-2014

Graphic showing primary energy exports, primary energy imports, and net imports for the years 1950 to 2014.

Note: Primary energy includes coal, coal coke, petroleum, natural gas, biofuels and electricity. To see imports of petroleum only, see Fact #837.

Fact #864 Dataset

Supporting Information

Imports and Exports of Primary Energy, 1950-2014
(Quadrillion Btu)

Year Primary Energy
Imports
Primary Energy
Exports
Net Energy
Imports
1950 1.91 1.47 0.45
1951 1.89 2.62 -0.73
1952 2.15 2.37 -0.22
1953 2.31 1.87 0.45
1954 2.35 1.70 0.65
1955 2.79 2.29 0.50
1956 3.21 2.95 0.26
1957 3.53 3.44 0.09
1958 3.88 2.05 1.83
1959 4.08 1.53 2.54
1960 4.19 1.48 2.71
1961 4.44 1.38 3.06
1962 4.99 1.47 3.52
1963 5.09 1.84 3.25
1964 5.45 1.81 3.63
1965 5.89 1.83 4.06
1966 6.15 1.83 4.32
1967 6.16 2.12 4.04
1968 6.91 2.00 4.91
1969 7.68 2.13 5.55
1970 8.34 2.63 5.71
1971 9.53 2.15 7.38
1972 11.39 2.12 9.27
1973 14.61 2.03 12.58
1974 14.30 2.20 12.10
1975 14.03 2.32 11.71
1976 16.76 2.17 14.59
1977 19.95 2.05 17.90
1978 19.11 1.92 17.19
1979 19.46 2.86 16.60
1980 15.80 3.69 12.10
1981 13.72 4.31 9.41
1982 11.86 4.61 7.25
1983 11.75 3.69 8.06
1984 12.47 3.79 8.68
1985 11.78 4.20 7.58
1986 14.15 4.02 10.13
1987 15.40 3.81 11.59
1988 17.30 4.37 12.93
1989 18.77 4.66 14.11
1990 18.82 4.75 14.06
1991 18.33 5.14 13.19
1992 19.37 4.94 14.44
1993 21.22 4.23 16.99
1994 22.31 4.04 18.27
1995 22.18 4.50 17.68
1996 23.63 4.61 19.02
1997 25.12 4.49 20.63
1998 26.47 4.24 22.24
1999 27.15 3.67 23.48
2000 28.87 3.96 24.90
2001 30.05 3.73 26.32
2002 29.33 3.61 25.72
2003 31.01 4.01 26.99
2004 33.49 4.35 29.14
2005 34.66 4.46 30.20
2006 34.65 4.73 29.92
2007 34.68 5.34 29.34
2008 32.97 6.95 26.02
2009 29.69 6.92 22.77
2010 29.87 8.18 21.69
2011 28.75 10.38 18.37
2012 27.06 11.28 15.78
2013 24.59 11.81 12.77
2014 23.01 12.25 10.76

Note: December 2014 data were estimated.
Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review, February 2015, Tables 1.4a and 1.4b.

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