Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon

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In 1975, only three percent of all new cars had a fuel economy above 25 miles per gallon (mpg), but by 2014, 73% did. Great improvements were made in the fuel economy of cars from 1975 to 1985, so that by 1985 most of the cars produced had a fuel economy above 20 mpg. Light truck fuel economy showed an improvement during that same time period, so that by 1985 most light trucks produced had a fuel economy above 15 mpg. Due to more recent improvements, 40% of cars produced in 2014 have a fuel economy above 30 mpg and half of light trucks were over 20 mpg.

Share of Car Production by Fuel Economy Classification, 1975-2014
Graph showing share of car production by fuel economy classification, 1975-2014.

Share of Light Truck Production by Fuel Economy Classification, 1975-2014
Graph showing share of light truck production by fuel economy classification, 1975-2014.

Fact #848 Dataset

Supporting Information

Share of Car Production by Fuel Economy Classification, 1975-2014
Model Year 5 to 10 mpg 10 to 15 mpg 15 to 20 mpg 20 to 25 mpg 25 to 30 mpg 30 to 35 mpg 35 to 40 mpg 40 to 45 mpg 45 to 50 mpg 50 to 55 mpg 55 to 60 mpg
1975 6.6% 57.4% 23.9% 9.0% 3.1%            
1976 0.3% 57.6% 24.4% 13.2% 3.8% 0.7%          
1977 0.3% 44.0% 36.6% 10.2% 6.5% 1.5% 0.8%        
1978 0.3% 26.8% 48.4% 13.6% 6.9% 3.6% 0.3%        
1979 0.1% 24.2% 48.5% 17.9% 8.0% 1.0% 0.4%        
1980 0.0% 5.7% 44.7% 33.0% 12.7% 2.7% 1.0% 0.2%      
1981 0.0% 2.6% 38.1% 33.6% 18.4% 5.1% 1.5% 0.8%      
1982 0.0% 0.3% 31.1% 31.6% 27.9% 7.0% 1.2% 0.8%      
1983 0.0% 0.3% 33.7% 29.6% 24.7% 9.5% 1.9% 0.4% 0.0%    
1984 0.0% 0.1% 26.9% 33.2% 30.7% 5.5% 3.0% 0.4% 0.2%    
1985 0.0% 0.1% 27.4% 29.3% 33.5% 7.3% 1.5% 0.4% 0.5%    
1986 0.0% 0.3% 16.7% 36.4% 36.6% 7.3% 1.9% 0.3% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2%
1987 0.0% 0.3% 16.0% 40.0% 33.1% 8.6% 1.5% 0.0% 0.3% 0.2%  
1988 0.0% 0.3% 14.4% 40.5% 33.8% 8.1% 2.5% 0.0% 0.2% 0.2%  
1989 0.0% 0.3% 14.5% 46.3% 30.5% 6.2% 1.8% 0.0% 0.3% 0.1%  
1990 0.0% 0.2% 14.1% 50.7% 28.7% 5.2% 0.7% 0.1% 0.3% 0.0%  
1991 0.0% 0.2% 16.5% 49.1% 26.8% 5.8% 0.9% 0.6% 0.1% 0.0%  
1992 0.0% 0.2% 14.1% 56.0% 22.1% 5.0% 1.6% 0.8% 0.1% 0.1%  
1993 0.0% 0.1% 17.4% 50.8% 24.2% 5.2% 1.5% 0.6% 0.0% 0.1%  
1994   0.1% 18.8% 50.7% 23.5% 4.9% 1.4% 0.6% 0.0% 0.1%  
1995 0.0% 0.1% 15.2% 51.7% 25.2% 7.0% 0.4% 0.4% 0.0%    
1996   0.1% 12.9% 60.5% 20.6% 5.1% 0.4% 0.3%      
1997   0.1% 12.7% 59.1% 23.6% 4.1% 0.2% 0.2%      
1998   0.1% 13.8% 57.2% 25.3% 3.2% 0.1% 0.3%      
1999   0.0% 14.0% 62.9% 21.3% 1.5% 0.1% 0.1%      
2000 0.0% 0.0% 14.2% 66.1% 17.8% 1.5% 0.2% 0.1%     0.1%
2001 0.0% 0.0% 16.8% 58.0% 18.3% 6.5% 0.1% 0.3% 0.0%   0.0%
2002   0.1% 12.8% 64.4% 16.6% 5.5% 0.2% 0.4% 0.0%   0.0%
2003 0.0% 0.1% 12.3% 60.4% 22.6% 3.9% 0.0% 0.8% 0.0% 0.0%  
2004   0.1% 14.8% 57.0% 25.1% 2.0% 0.1% 0.3% 0.6% 0.0%  
2005   0.2% 16.0% 48.7% 27.6% 5.8% 0.1% 0.3% 1.4% 0.0%  
2006   0.3% 16.1% 52.4% 21.6% 8.1% 0.0% 0.4% 1.0% 0.0%  
2007   0.3% 13.9% 44.6% 29.1% 10.0%   0.4% 1.8%    
2008   0.2% 11.5% 46.7% 29.9% 9.0% 0.3% 0.4% 2.1%    
2009   0.2% 6.0% 38.6% 37.1% 16.2% 0.4% 0.3% 1.3%    
2010   0.1% 4.7% 35.1% 38.4% 16.0% 1.4% 0.7% 3.6%    
2011   0.1% 4.9% 36.1% 42.5% 12.9% 1.2% 0.4% 1.9%    
2012   0.1% 3.2% 26.5% 39.8% 25.3% 1.9% 1.2% 2.0%    
2013   0.1% 2.4% 22.3% 41.3% 27.7% 2.9% 1.2% 2.1%    
2014   0.1% 2.9% 24.1% 33.4% 30.1% 5.0% 1.3% 3.1%    

Share of Light Truck Production by Fuel Economy Classification, 1975-2014
Model Year 5 to 10 mpg 10 to 15 mpg 15 to 20 mpg 20 to 25 mpg 25 to 30 mpg 30 to 35 mpg 35 to 40 mpg 40 to 45 mpg 45 to 50 mpg 50 to 55 mpg 55 to 60 mpg
1975 27.7% 51.8% 18.0% 2.5%              
1976 12.0% 66.1% 16.7% 5.1%              
1977 3.7% 66.0% 19.9% 9.2% 1.3%            
1978 2.9% 68.6% 19.0% 8.6% 0.9%            
1979 14.4% 59.3% 18.4% 6.8% 1.2%            
1980 0.2% 40.7% 37.9% 19.1% 1.5%   0.6%        
1981 0.0% 22.8% 50.7% 16.1% 7.1% 2.6% 0.7%        
1982   21.9% 45.1% 23.7% 8.0% 0.8% 0.6%        
1983   21.1% 41.3% 26.7% 9.8% 0.9% 0.2%        
1984 0.1% 24.2% 43.0% 24.8% 7.1% 0.8% 0.1%        
1985 0.0% 27.8% 40.8% 26.3% 4.8% 0.3% 0.0%        
1986   19.7% 41.4% 33.5% 5.3% 0.1% 0.0%        
1987   17.3% 43.1% 33.4% 6.1% 0.0% 0.0%        
1988 0.0% 17.8% 53.0% 22.1% 6.9%            
1989   18.8% 54.3% 24.3% 2.7%            
1990 0.3% 21.8% 55.5% 18.8% 3.6%            
1991   16.6% 59.9% 21.4% 2.1%            
1992   19.2% 60.0% 20.7% 0.1%            
1993   14.5% 66.2% 19.2% 0.0%            
1994   23.1% 60.7% 16.1% 0.1%            
1995   24.4% 59.8% 15.8% 0.0%            
1996   22.0% 61.0% 17.1% 0.0%            
1997   19.5% 70.5% 10.1% 0.0%            
1998   23.5% 62.0% 14.6% 0.0%            
1999   24.2% 63.7% 12.2%              
2000   17.1% 72.0% 11.0%              
2001   23.5% 66.6% 9.9%              
2002   19.9% 71.3% 8.6% 0.2%            
2003   24.1% 61.6% 14.4%              
2004   25.5% 63.4% 11.1%              
2005 0.0% 20.9% 64.4% 14.6% 0.1%            
2006 0.0% 13.8% 69.9% 14.8% 1.5%            
2007   10.1% 74.4% 14.7% 0.8%            
2008   9.7% 70.5% 18.9% 0.9%            
2009   2.6% 66.9% 29.4% 1.1%            
2010   3.0% 63.3% 31.4% 2.4%            
2011   3.7% 58.8% 34.8% 2.7%            
2012   3.9% 55.2% 35.7% 5.3%            
2013   2.6% 49.9% 36.4% 11.0%            
2014   1.5% 48.9% 36.2% 13.3% 0.1%          

Note: 2014 estimates are based on preliminary production data.
Source: U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through 2014, EPA-420-R-14-023, October 2014.

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