Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014

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In 1975, cars were just over 80% of light vehicle production. From the early 1980s to 2005, light trucks were an increasing share of the light vehicles produced. The share of sport utility vehicles (SUVs) has grown from about 6% of production in 1990 to one-third of the production in 2014 (counting both car SUVs and truck SUVs). The share of vans and pickups has generally declined since the mid-1990s.

Shares of Light Vehicle Production by Type, 1975-2014

Graph showing shares of light vehicle production by type (Car, Car SUV, Truck SUV, Van, and Pickup) from 1975 to 2014.

Note: Car SUVs are those SUVs that must meet the car greenhouse gas emissions and corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards that were set in 2012 (Federal Register, Vol. 77, No. 199, Monday, October 15, 2012). Generally, they are two-wheel drive SUVs with a gross vehicle weight rating less than 6,000 lbs.

Fact #847 Dataset

Supporting Information

Shares of Light Vehicle Production by Type, 1975-2014
Model
Year
Car Car
SUV
Pickup Van Truck
SUV
1975 80.6% 0.1% 13.1% 4.5% 1.7%
1976 78.8% 0.1% 15.1% 4.1% 1.9%
1977 80.0% 0.1% 14.3% 3.6% 1.9%
1978 77.3% 0.1% 15.7% 4.3% 2.5%
1979 77.8% 0.1% 15.9% 3.5% 2.8%
1980 83.5% 0.0% 12.7% 2.1% 1.6%
1981 82.7% 0.0% 13.6% 2.3% 1.3%
1982 80.3% 0.1% 14.8% 3.2% 1.5%
1983 77.7% 0.3% 15.8% 3.7% 2.5%
1984 76.1% 0.4% 14.6% 4.8% 4.1%
1985 74.6% 0.6% 14.4% 5.9% 4.5%
1986 71.7% 0.4% 16.5% 6.8% 4.6%
1987 72.2% 0.6% 14.4% 7.5% 5.2%
1988 70.2% 0.7% 16.1% 7.4% 5.6%
1989 69.3% 0.7% 15.4% 8.8% 5.7%
1990 69.8% 0.5% 14.5% 10.0% 5.1%
1991 67.8% 1.8% 15.3% 8.2% 6.9%
1992 66.6% 2.0% 15.1% 10.0% 6.2%
1993 64.0% 3.6% 15.2% 10.9% 6.3%
1994 59.6% 2.3% 18.9% 10.0% 9.1%
1995 62.0% 1.5% 15.0% 11.0% 10.5%
1996 60.0% 2.2% 14.9% 10.7% 12.2%
1997 57.6% 2.5% 16.7% 8.8% 14.5%
1998 55.1% 3.1% 16.7% 10.3% 14.7%
1999 55.1% 3.2% 16.7% 9.6% 15.4%
2000 55.1% 3.7% 15.8% 10.2% 15.2%
2001 53.9% 4.8% 16.1% 7.9% 17.3%
2002 51.5% 3.7% 14.8% 7.7% 22.3%
2003 50.2% 3.6% 15.7% 7.8% 22.6%
2004 48.0% 4.1% 15.9% 6.1% 25.9%
2005 50.5% 5.1% 14.5% 9.3% 20.6%
2006 52.9% 5.0% 14.5% 7.7% 19.9%
2007 52.9% 6.0% 13.8% 5.5% 21.7%
2008 52.7% 6.6% 12.9% 5.7% 22.1%
2009 60.5% 6.5% 10.6% 4.0% 18.4%
2010 54.5% 8.2% 11.5% 5.0% 20.8%
2011 47.7% 10.1% 12.3% 4.3% 25.6%
2012 54.9% 9.4% 10.1% 4.9% 20.6%
2013 53.3% 9.9% 10.6% 3.8% 22.4%
2014 51.3% 10.0% 11.5% 3.9% 23.3%

Note: 2014 estimates are based on preliminary production data.
Source: U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through 2014, EPA-420-R-14-023, October 2014.

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