Fact #844: October 27, 2014 Electricity Generated from Coal has Declined while Generation from Natural Gas has Grown

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From 2002 to 2012, most states have reduced their reliance on coal for electricity generation. The figure below shows the percent change in electricity generated by coal and natural gas for each state. All but six states show a decline in the use of coal for electricity production with Delaware and Nevada reducing their use of coal by about 40%. Perhaps even more significant are the heavily populated states of Virginia, Georgia and Ohio which show declining coal use of around 25% to 30%. Many of the states that have reduced their reliance on coal are now generating more of their electricity from natural gas. Delaware’s 41.2% coal decrease is offset by an increase of 54.9% in the use of natural gas for electricity generation. In fact, there were only four states (Maine, Alaska, Texas, and Wyoming) that show a decline in electricity generated with natural gas.

Change in the Use of Coal and Natural Gas for Electricity Generation – 2002 Compared to 2012
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Fact #844 Dataset

Supporting Information

Change in the Use of Coal and Natural Gas for Electricity Generation – 2002 Compared to 2012
State
Name
State
Abbreviation
Change from 2002 to 2012
Coal Natural Gas
Alaska AK 1.4% -3.9%
Alabama AL -24.4% 24.5%
Arkansas AR -4.8% 16.7%
Arizona AZ -4.4% 8.9%
California CA -0.6% 11.3%
Colorado CO -11.9% 0.2%
Connecticut CT -8.5% 17.5%
Delaware DE -41.2% 54.9%
Florida FL -12.4% 36.6%
Georgia GA -29.0% 29.3%
Hawaii HI 1.4% 0.0%
Iowa IA -20.8% 2.1%
Idaho ID -0.4% 8.9%
Illinois IL -5.2% 0.8%
Indiana IN -13.1% 9.6%
Kansas KS -12.0% 2.6%
Kentucky KY 1.6% 1.8%
Louisiana LA -2.5% 6.2%
Massachusetts MA -21.5% 30.4%
Maryland MD -16.7% 8.5%
Maine ME -2.4% -18.0%
Michigan MI -7.5% 6.7%
Minnesota MN -20.7% 10.6%
Missouri MO -3.8% 2.4%
Mississippi MS -21.4% 31.1%
Montana MT -9.9% 1.6%
North Carolina NC -16.8% 13.7%
North Dakota ND -16.5% 0.0%
Nebraska NE 10.0% 0.9%
New Hampshire NH -16.8% 35.2%
New Jersey NJ -12.7% 12.4%
New Mexico NM -19.5% 12.8%
Nevada NV -39.6% 34.9%
New York NY -13.3% 16.3%
Ohio OH -24.4% 16.3%
Oklahoma OK -23.2% 14.5%
Oregon OR -3.7% 2.5%
Pennsylvania PA -16.7% 20.5%
Rhode Island RI 0.0% 9.1%
South Carolina SC -8.9% 10.2%
South Dakota SD -18.1% 0.7%
Tennessee TN -16.5% 9.9%
Texas TX -4.7% -1.2%
Utah UT -16.0% 12.9%
Virginia VA -30.7% 29.5%
Vermont VT 0.0% 0.0%
Washington WA -5.2% 0.1%
Wisconsin WI -16.7% 14.6%
West Virginia WV -2.4% 0.1%
Wyoming WY -8.2% -0.6%

Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Electricity Detailed State Data, accessed September 17, 2014.

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