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Household vehicle ownership has changed over the last six decades. In 1960, over twenty percent of households did not own a vehicle, but by 2010, that number fell to less than 10%. The number of households with three or more vehicles grew from 2% in 1960 to nearly 20% in 2010. Before 1990, the most common number of vehicles per household was one, but since 1990, the most common number of vehicles is two. Starting in 1980, more than 50% of American households owned two or more vehicles.

Household Vehicle Ownership, 1960-2010
Graphic showing share of households for the years 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2010 that had no vehicles, one vehicle, two vehicles, and three or more vehicles. For more detailed information, see supporting information below.

 

Supporting Information

Household Vehicle Ownership, 1960–2010 (percentage)
Year No
Vehicles
One
Vehicle
Two
Vehicles
Three or
More Vehicles
1960 21.5% 56.9% 19.0% 2.5%
1970 17.5% 47.7% 29.3% 5.5%
1980 12.9% 35.5% 34.0% 17.5%
1990 11.5% 33.7% 37.4% 17.3%
2000 9.4% 33.8% 38.6% 18.3%
2010 9.1% 33.8% 37.6% 19.5%

Sources:
1960-1990 - U.S. Department of Transportation, Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Journey-to-Work Trends in the United States and its Major Metropolitan Area, 1960–1990, Cambridge, MA, 1994, p. 2-2.
2000 data - U.S. Bureau of the Census, American Fact Finder, factfinder.census.gov, Table QT-04, August 2001.
2010 data - U.S. Bureau of the Census, American Community Survey, 2010 data, Table CP-4.

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