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The transportation sector consumed about 28% of U.S. energy in 2008, nearly all of it (95%) in petroleum use. The industrial sector used about 40% petroleum and 40% natural gas. The electric utility sector used little petroleum, but was dependent on coal for more than half of the energy it consumed. Renewables, such as biofuels for transportation, were being used in every sector in 2008.

Share of Energy Consumption by Sector and Source, 2008
Graph showing the share of energy consumption by sector (transportion, residential, industrial, commercial, and electric utility) and source (petroleum, natural gas, coal, nuclear, and renewables). For more detailed information, see the table below.

 

Supporting Information

Share of Energy Consumption by Sector and Source, 2008
  Transportation Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Utility
  Total Energy Share
Total 28.2% 6.8% 4.1% 20.5% 40.5%
  Energy Share by Source
Coal 0.0% 0.1% 1.8% 8.8% 51.5%
Natural Gas 2.4% 73.6% 79.4% 40.0% 17.0%
Petroleum 94.6% 18.2% 16.0% 40.9% 1.2%
Renewables 3.0% 8.2% 2.8% 10.3% 9.2%
Nuclear 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 21.1%
Total 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

Source: U.S. Department of Energy, 2008 Vehicle Technologies Market Report (PDF 1.8 MB), July Report. Download Adobe Reader.

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