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Before 1989 the U.S. produced enough petroleum to meet the needs of the transportation sector, but was still short of meeting the petroleum needs of all the sectors, including industrial, residential and commercial, and electric utilities. In 1973 the gap between what the U.S. produced and what was consumed was 5.6 million barrels per day. By 2030, the gap is expected to be at least 9.2 million barrels per day if all sources of petroleum are included or 12.3 million barrels per day if only conventional petroleum sources are used.

U.S. Petroleum Production and Consumption, 1970-2030
Graph showing the gap between the U.S. petroleum production and the consumption in all sectors (industrial, residential and commercial, and electric utilities) for the time period 1970 to 2030. For more detailed information, see the table below.

Note: The U.S. Production has two lines after 2005. The solid line is conventional sources of petroleum. The dashed line adds in other inputs -- ethanol, liquids from coal, and liquids from biomass. The sharp increase in values between 2007 and 2008 are caused by the data change from historical to projected values.

 

Supporting Information

Historical and Future U.S. Petroleum Production and Petroleum Use (Million barrels per day)
Year Transportation Industrial Residential and Commercial Electric Utilities Total U.S. Petroleum Production with Other Inputs 2007-on (dotted line) U.S. Petroleum Production without Other Inputs 2007-on
1973 8.78 4.48 2.23 1.54 17.04 11.40 11.40
1974 8.42 4.30 2.04 1.48 16.24 10.94 10.94
1975 8.54 4.04 1.95 1.39 15.91 10.47 10.47
1976 9.06 4.46 2.13 1.52 17.17 10.24 10.24
1977 9.35 4.82 2.14 1.71 18.02 10.39 10.39
1978 9.80 4.87 2.07 1.75 18.48 10.77 10.77
1980 9.26 4.86 1.52 1.15 16.79 10.80 10.80
1981 9.31 4.27 1.33 0.96 15.88 10.69 10.69
1982 9.02 4.06 1.24 0.69 15.01 10.73 10.73
1983 9.07 3.85 1.29 0.68 14.90 10.73 10.73
1984 9.43 4.21 1.38 0.56 15.59 11.09 11.09
1985 9.61 4.07 1.34 0.48 15.49 11.14 11.14
1986 9.90 4.09 1.37 0.64 15.99 10.85 10.85
1987 10.12 4.21 1.40 0.55 16.28 10.58 10.58
1988 10.37 4.36 1.41 0.69 16.83 10.45 10.45
1989 10.49 4.33 1.39 0.75 16.96 9.82 9.82
1990 10.56 4.15 1.23 0.57 16.51 9.60 9.60
1991 10.38 4.53 1.21 0.53 16.64 9.79 9.79
1992 10.67 4.45 1.20 0.44 16.75 9.67 9.67
1994 11.14 4.57 1.17 0.47 17.34 9.16 9.16
1995 11.40 4.83 1.13 0.33 17.69 9.10 9.10
1996 11.65 4.96 1.21 0.36 18.18 9.16 9.16
1997 11.83 4.86 1.16 0.41 18.26 9.12 9.12
1998 12.03 4.84 1.08 0.58 18.53 8.90 8.90
1999 12.58 5.03 1.18 0.53 19.33 8.62 8.62
2000 12.73 4.92 1.28 0.51 19.44 8.70 8.70
2001 12.61 4.89 1.25 0.56 19.32 8.57 8.57
2002 12.79 4.93 1.19 0.43 19.34 8.58 8.58
2004 13.16 5.23 1.26 0.54 20.18 8.30 8.30
2005 13.38 5.10 1.20 0.55 20.22 7.88 7.88
2006 13.45 5.18 1.03 0.29 19.95 7.83 7.83
2007 13.90 5.12 1.03 0.29 20.34 8.59 7.85
2008 14.44 4.977 1.10 0.216 20.73 8.68 7.78
2009 14.27 4.709 1.11 0.218 20.30 9.08 8.17
2010 14.51 4.522 1.05 0.218 20.31 9.66 8.45
2011 14.76 4.569 1.05 0.220 20.60 9.77 8.46
2012 14.84 4.642 1.04 0.222 20.75 9.94 8.57
2013 14.89 4.705 1.03 0.222 20.84 10.04 8.57
2014 14.90 4.668 1.01 0.223 20.81 10.11 8.54
2015 14.92 4.591 1.01 0.224 20.74 10.17 8.52
2016 14.99 4.540 1.00 0.224 20.75 10.28 8.58
2017 15.05 4.503 1.00 0.225 20.77 10.48 8.73
2018 15.13 4.450 1.00 0.226 20.80 10.78 8.95
2019 15.17 4.406 0.99 0.226 20.80 10.90 9.06
2020 15.28 4.345 1.00 0.226 20.85 11.22 9.26
2021 15.41 4.300 0.99 0.227 20.93 11.55 9.41
2022 15.57 4.280 0.99 0.227 21.07 11.91 9.58
2023 15.69 4.275 0.99 0.227 21.18 12.20 9.79
2024 15.84 4.282 0.99 0.228 21.34 12.43 9.90
2025 16.00 4.288 0.98 0.229 21.50 12.67 10.03
2026 16.18 4.287 0.98 0.229 21.68 12.77 10.04
2027 16.37 4.286 0.98 0.230 21.87 12.86 10.01
2028 16.55 4.295 0.98 0.232 22.06 13.04 10.08
2029 16.70 4.298 0.98 0.232 22.21 13.16 10.14
2030 16.91 4.308 0.98 0.234 22.43 13.26 10.17

Sources:
1973-2007 from Davis, S. C. and Diegel, S. W., 2008, "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 27," Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report, Oak Ridge, TN,
2008-2030 from EIA, 2008, "Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030," Energy Information Administration, DOE/EIA-0383(2009), U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC.

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