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The majority (69%) of primary energy imported into the United States in 2018 was crude oil, with petroleum products and natural gas also having significant shares. Small amounts of biofuels, electricity, and coal were also imported. Exports of primary energy from the United States were led by petroleum products (48%), followed by crude oil, natural gas, and coal, with small amounts of biofuels and electricity.

Graphic showing primary energy imports and exports in 2018. Crude oil imports were 69% and exports were 20%. Petroleum product imports were 17% and exports were 48%.

Note: Coal category includes coal coke. Petroleum products include unfinished oils, hydrocarbon gas liquids, aviation gasoline, motor gasoline, naphtha‐type jet fuel, kerosene‐type jet fuel, kerosene, distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petrochemical feedstocks, special naphthas, lubricants, waxes, petroleum coke, asphalt, road oil, still gas, and miscellaneous products.

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review, December 2019, Tables 1.4a and 1.4b.

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