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Although many electric light vehicles (EV) have shorter ranges between "refuels" than gasoline vehicles, some EVs have ranges equal to or greater than some gasoline-powered models. For the 2017 model year (MY) the maximum range for an all-electric vehicle (AEV) is 335 miles (Tesla Model S 100D), while the minimum range for a gasoline model is 224 miles (Dodge Viper). Fuel cell vehicles (three are currently on the market) have mileage ranges close to the maximum range of an AEV. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) use both gasoline and electricity drawn from the grid. The all-electric range of PHEV models varies greatly, and the total gasoline and electric range of a PHEV is between 180 and 640 miles for MY 2017 vehicles. The ranges for EVs have been increasing since their debut in the mass market but technological improvements have also increased the ranges for gasoline vehicles. For MY 2017, the median range for gasoline vehicles was 418 miles while the maximum range was nearly 800 miles (Ford F-150 with optional 36-gallon fuel capacity).

Breadth of Fuel Cell, AEV, PHEV, and Gasoline Light Vehicle Ranges, MY 2017

Graphic showing the range (miles) of MY 2017 vehicles. Fuel cell: range 265-366, median range=312; AEVs: range 58-355, median range=114; PHEVs: range 180-640, median range=450; Gas: range 224-792, median range=418

Fuel Type

MY 2017 Vehicle with the Minimum Range

MY 2017 Vehicle with the Maximum Range

Listing of Vehicles with Minimum and Maximum Ranges by Vehicle Type, MY 2017

Fuel Cell Vehicles

Hyundai Tucson Fuel Cell

Honda Clarity Fuel Cell

All-Electric Vehicles

smart fortwo Electric Drive Coupe

Tesla Model S All-wheel Drive - 100D

Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles

BMW I3 REX (94 amp-hour battery)

Toyota Prius Prime (PHEV)

Gasoline Vehicles

Dodge Viper, 8.4 liter, 10 cylinders, manual 6-speed

Ford F150 Pickup 2WD, 2.7 liter, 6 cylinders, automatic (S6), turbo with optional 36-gallon fuel capacity


  • Vehicle ranges are Environmental Protection Agency estimated ranges. Each make and model was counted only once, selecting the configuration with the longest range.
  • Plug-in hybrid vehicle range is the total of both gasoline and electric miles, assuming a fully-charged battery and a full tank of gasoline.
  • Hybrid-electric vehicles which are fueled only with gasoline are included in the gasoline vehicle data.

Source: U. S. Department of Energy, FuelEconomy.Gov data, accessed November 14, 2017.

Fact #1010 Dataset

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