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- EISA Section 142 Statutory Requirements for Fleet Planning
- EISA Section 142 Applicability
- FEMP Resources and Best Practices
Section 142 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 (42 U.S.C. § 6374e(b)) says:
(A) In general
The regulations under subsection (a) shall require each Federal agency to develop a plan, and implement the measures specified in the plan by dates specified in the plan, to meet the required petroleum reduction levels and the alternative fuel consumption increases, including the milestones specified by the Secretary.
The plan shall—
(i) identify the specific measures the agency will use to meet the requirements of subsection (a)(2); and
(ii) quantify the reductions in petroleum consumption or increases in alternative fuel consumption projected to be achieved by each measure each year.
The plan may allow an agency to meet the required petroleum reduction level through—
(A) the use of alternative fuels;
(B) the acquisition of vehicles with higher fuel economy, including hybrid vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles, electric vehicles, and plug-in hybrid vehicles if the vehicles are commercially available;
(C) the substitution of cars for light trucks;
(D) an increase in vehicle load factors;
(E) a decrease in vehicle miles traveled;
(F) a decrease in fleet size; and
(G) other measures."
Agency applicability of Section 142 of EISA is the same as EPAct 1992. See the Applicability of Requirements to Agencies and Vehicles page to determine which agencies are subject to the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992 requirements.
Summary of Fleet Planning Requirements
EISA Section 142 requires agencies to develop a written plan, including implementation dates, to meet the required petroleum reduction and alternative fuel increase levels while meeting or exceeding other relevant fleet requirements. The plan must "identify the specific measures the Federal agency will use to meet [the consumption goals]; and quantify the reductions in petroleum consumption and increases in alternative fuel consumption projected to be achieved by each measure each year." 42 U.S.C. § 6374e(b)(1)(B).
The EISA Section 142 fleet plan includes the detailed measures agencies will use to meet relevant Federal fleet requirements, as well as future projections for fleet petroleum consumption, alternative fuel use, and fleet inventory (including alternative fuel vehicles [AFVs]).
Developing an Agency-Specific Fleet Plan
In developing a plan for reducing petroleum and increasing alternative fuel use for an agency fleet, the first step is to establish the overall fleet component goals. To meet these goals, the agency should set quantifiable annual targets for fleet petroleum reduction, alternative fuel use, AFV acquisition (including electric vehicles [EVs]), alternative fuel infrastructure (including EV charging infrastructure) development, as well as other targets that the agency may require of itself.
Once an agency has identified its primary goals and annual targets, the agency should determine the appropriate combination of the core principles of sustainable fleet management and corresponding implementation strategies.
Required EISA Section 142 Fleet Plan Components
Each Federal agency subject to fleet planning requirements must develop a written plan, including implementation dates, to meet or exceed the required petroleum reduction and alternative fuel use increase target levels as well as other fleet requirements. This section describes the plan components needed to satisfy the EISA Section 142 fleet planning requirements.
Specific Measures to Meet Fleet Requirements
The objective of the agency fleet sustainability planning process is to determine the most effective measures to achieve the petroleum reduction and alternative fuel use increase targets while meeting or exceeding other relevant fleet requirements. The plan may include some or all of the core principles of sustainable fleet management, including:
- Right-sizing the fleet to agency mission by implementing a vehicle allocation methodology (VAM) study (e.g.,
- Minimizing vehicle miles traveled (VMT)
- Increasing fleet fuel efficiency by replacing inefficient vehicles with more fuel-efficient vehicles, maintaining vehicles, driving more efficiently, and avoiding excessive idling
- Optimizing cost-effective alternative fuel use, including maximizing use of existing alternative fuel infrastructure, installing alternative fuel infrastructure where practical (including EV charging stations), and aligning deployment of AFVs with fueling infrastructure. Learn more about evaluating and selecting strategies to increase alternative fuel use and meet or exceed regulatory requirements.
Petroleum Reduction and Alternative Fuel Use Increase Projections
For each specific measure identified above, agencies should project the amount by which they expect each measure to decrease their petroleum use and increase alternative fuel consumption each fiscal year (FY), in both GGEs and percentage from the Federal fleet’s FY 2005 baseline levels.
Date by Which Each Measure Will be Implemented
For each measure identified above, agencies should specify the estimated date when the measure is expected to be fully implemented.
Fleet Inventory Projections
Projections should illustrate how the agency will reach or maintain a "right-sized" fleet. In other words, the agency should identify and create a plan for reaching the minimum number of the most fuel-efficient vehicles required to meet its mission, including identifying opportunities to eliminate vehicles that exceed requirements. Federal agencies should identify opportunities to decrease fleet size—including reductions from minimizing VMT—and utilize their vehicle allocation methodology (VAM) to: (1) ensure that AFVs are acquired and located where alternative fuel is available; (2) reduce petroleum use through the acquisition of smaller-sized and hybrid vehicles; (3) reduce petroleum use and increase alternative fuel use through the acquisition of AFVs, including EVs, and; (4) ensure that the most fuel-efficient vehicle is used for the required task. The General Services Administration (GSA) VAM requirements are described within GSA's FMR VAM Requirements. Find more detailed guidance on how to right-size fleets to agency mission.
EPAct 1992 AFV Acquisition Projections
Actions to Ensure that AFVs are Deployed Where Alternative Fuel is Available
Within their fleet plans, agencies should identify the specific actions they will implement to: (1) align deployment of AFVs with fueling infrastructure, including reducing deployment of AFVs in locations where the appropriate alternative fuel is not available and (2) create and describe their alternative fueling infrastructure development plans and actions, including collaboration with other Federal, state, and local agencies and other entities.
Effective Implementation of Fleet Goals
The planning process should also address the agency's process for effective implementation of the fleet goals. This includes the following:
- Leadership and Accountability: Agencies should identify the agency lead(s) for meeting fleet goals, with responsibility for fleet implementation and oversight.
- Implementation Methods: Agencies should identify the method for implementation of the cost, schedule, and performance toward achieving the fleet goals. This should include implementation in both the central office and in the field, including the workforce training and education.
Data for Fleet Planning
All analyses used in an agency's fleet sustainability planning process should match the data reported in the FAST fleet data system. Senior agency management should oversee and approve the agency fleet sustainability planning process, and clearly assign responsibility for implementation and address resource requirements necessary for success.
Developing and Submitting Fleet Plans
The table below provides the required procedures for developing and submitting EISA Section 142 fleet plans. Agencies subject to the fleet planning requirements are required to develop initial plans and update and resubmit plans as necessary each year, as outlined below. EISA Section 142 plans must be submitted to the DOE Federal Fleets inbox at firstname.lastname@example.org.
|Procedures for Developing and Submitting Fleet Plans|
Federal agencies subject to the EISA Section 142 requirements must:
• Update and submit to DOE an annual fleet plan
• Describe the specific measures the agency will implement to achieve the EISA Section 142 petroleum reduction and alternative fuel use targets and other relevant fleet requirements