Energy Savings Performance Contract Energy Sales Agreements

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An energy savings performance contract energy sales agreement (ESPC ESA) is a project structure, similar to a power purchase agreement, that uses the multiyear ESPC authority to implement distributed energy projects—referred to as ESA energy conservation measures (ECMs)—on federal buildings or land. The ESA ECM is initially privately owned for tax incentive purposes, and the federal agency purchases the electricity it produces with guaranteed cost savings. An ESPC can be used for the acquisition of utility services per 48 CFR § 41.102(b)(7) (2015).

Benefits of ESPC ESAs

  • ESPC ESAs do not require any upfront capital from a federal agency for the ESA ECM.
  • ESPC ESAs provide guaranteed cost savings, and a federal agency only pays for the electricity that is generated, minimizing federal risk.
  • The energy service company (ESCO) may be able to take advantage of federal and other tax incentives and can sell the renewable energy certificates generated by the ESA ECM to reduce the ESPC ESA price.
  • The ESCO is responsible for ESA ECM operations and maintenance, and for equipment repair and replacement, which also reduces federal risk.

Start an ESPC ESA

To start an ESPC ESA, an agency should review the ESPC ESA requirements and contract vehicle options. For questions, more information, or assistance:

ESPC ESA Contract Vehicle Options

DOE IDIQ ESPC
Master contract that allows federal agencies to work with 21 DOE Qualified ESCOs holding the current DOE IDIQ ESPC contract.
Site-Specific/Stand-Alone
The site-specific/stand-alone ESPC contract vehicle can be used to implement an ESPC energy sales agreement for federal distributed energy projects.
DOE ESPC ENABLE
Procurement process to implement basic ECMs under an ESPC. More than 20 DOE Qualified ESCOs are on Federal Supply Schedule 84, SIN 246-53.
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers MATOC
ESPC program awards master ESPCs and multiple award task order contracts (MATOCs) for only the U.S. Department of Defense.

ESPC ESA Requirements

ESPC Authority Requirements: The ESPC ESA must meet all ESPC legal requirements (see 42 U.S.C. § 8287, et seq.), including the requirement that the agency pay for the cost of the ESPC ESA from the energy cost savings generated each year over the life of the contract. The ESCO must be on the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Qualified List of ESCOs or an agency’s list of qualified contractors prior to contract award.

Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Requirements: In order for the ESPC ESA contract to be scored annually, it must be consistent with the requirements under OMB Memo M-12-21, “Addendum to OMB Memorandum M-98-13 on Federal Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPCs) and Utility Energy Service Contracts (UESCs),” including the requirement that the federal government retain title to on-site energy generation by the end of the contract.

Tax Incentive Requirements: The ESCO may be eligible for tax incentives such as the federal Investment Tax Credit and the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System. The Internal Revenue Service Revenue Procedure 2017-19, published in Internal Revenue Bulletin 2017-7, provides a safe harbor under which the IRS will not challenge the treatment of an ESPC ESA as a service contract under 26 U.S.C. § 7701(e)(3). Section 4 specifies safe harbor requirements, including a maximum contract length of 20 years. Section 5 contains details regarding an example ESPC ESA project. Tax incentive eligibility due diligence is the responsibility of the ESCO, not the government.

Key Resources

Describes DEA's 2.5-MW-DC photovoltaic system at their El Paso Intelligence Center, located on Fort Bliss in El Paso, Texas.
Fact sheet describes how FEMP helps federal agencies implement energy savings performance contract energy sales agreements (ESPC ESAs).
Fact sheet describes ITC considerations and benefits for privately owned PV on federal land and buildings.
Fact sheet describes how the U.S. Department of Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology installed a 5 MW-DC photovoltaic system.
The site-specific/stand-alone ESPC contract vehicle can be used to implement an ESPC energy sales agreement for federal distributed energy projects.