2019 Grid Modernization Lab Call Awards

Department of Energy

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The Worldwide Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community report—presented to Congress by the Director of National Intelligence in January 2019—identified threats to US national security which will expand and diversify in the coming years.  The development and application of new technologies will introduce both risks and opportunities across the US economy, and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has identified the energy sector as one of 16 critical infrastructure sectors in the nation.  The United States electric power system must prepare for and adapt to changing conditions and withstand and recover rapidly from disruptions.  In addition, we must understand how the distributed energy resources can support both the distribution and bulk power systems now and in the future.  As a result, GMI has focused on security challenges of the electric power system in their upcoming portfolio of projects.

To address this continuously changing landscape, the U.S. Department of Energy has expanded the vision of the GMI:

  • Include Greater Participation across the Department: The GMI reflects a collaborative partnership of five DOE Offices (the Applied Offices) including the Office of Fossil Energy (FE), the Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), the Office of Electricity (OE), the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), and the Office of Cybersecurity, Energy Security, and Emergency Response (CESER).
  • Address a Fully Integrated Energy System: The GMI focuses on a fully integrated vision of the energy system from fuel to generation to load, including interdependent infrastructures.
  • Strengthen Reliability and Resilience: The complexity of the electricity grid and its interconnection with other critical systems can accentuate the risk of cascading failures, so it is paramount that the grid is reliable and resilient against all malicious threats, natural disasters, and other systemic risks.

The GMI is implementing this vision by investing approximately $80M (subject to the availability of appropriated funds) through the Grid Modernization Initiative’s latest lab call, the 2019 Grid Modernization Lab Call.   

This lab call expands on the work started in 2016 while emphasizing priorities—identified by the Administration, Congress, and DOE staff—in following six topic areas:

  1. Resilience Modeling
  2. Energy Storage and System Flexibility
  3. Advanced Sensors and Data Analytics
  4. Institutional Support and Analysis
  5. Cybersecurity and Physical Security
  6. Generation

 

This portfolio of projects specifically must demonstrate:

Impact on the Bulk Power System: While projects may focus on challenges from fuel to generation to load, all must ultimately demonstrate impacts on the bulk power system.

Near-term Success: To increase likelihood of industry implementation and increase potential impact, projects will provide meaningful results within 18 months to two years that address clear, immediate challenges.

After a rigorous evaluation of nearly 90 projects presented by the Grid Modernization Laboratory Consortium (GMLC), the DOE selected approximately twenty projects for funding.  Industry participation has been identified as critical to the success of these projects.  Industry’s participation will account for 20% of cost-share of the projects in this portfolio.   Over 100 partners – cities, states, universities, industry, and other federal agencies—have already committed to participate or invest in the project call.

GMI works with public and private partners to develop the concepts, tools, and technologies needed to measure, analyze, predict, protect, and control the grid of the future.        

Participating National Laboratories

National Laboratory

Acronym

Location

Ames Laboratory

AMES

Ames, IA

Argonne National Laboratory

ANL

Argonne, IL

Brookhaven National Laboratory 

BNL

Uptown, NY

Idaho National Laboratory

INL

Idaho Falls, ID

Los Alamos National Laboratory

LANL

Los Alamos, NM

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

LBNL

Berkeley, CA

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

LLNL

Livermore, CA 

National Energy Technology Laboratory

NETL

Pittsburgh, PA

National Renewable Energy Laboratory

NREL

Golden, CO

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

ORNL

Oak Ridge, TN

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

PNNL

Richland, WA

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

SLAC

Menlo Park, CA

Sandia National Laboratory

SNL

Albuquerque, NM

 

 

Project Selections

 

Project Name

Objective

National Laboratories

Partners

RESILIENCE MODELING

1

Development and Calculation of Performance-Based Resilience Metrics for Defense Critical Infrastructure

This project is developing models that will calculate time-varying performance of Defense Critical Infrastructure (DCI) during long-duration bulk power system outages. We are vetting the resilience metrics and the models with DoD and industry stakeholders.

SNL

LLNL

NREL

LBNL

LANL

Dominion Energy National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA),

US Army Corps of Engineers, Office of the Secretary of Defense, US Air Force, US Army, EPRI

2

HELICS+: From a Facilitator to a Hub

GMLC and industry has been using HELICS in their projects to comprehensively analyze and assess the increasing interdependency among critical infrastructures. This project will address gaps in in scalable integration with diverse infrastructures and usability for co-simulation complexity.

PNNL

LLNL

NREL

ANL

INL

NRECA, Avista, Interstate Natural Gas Assoc. of America, PJM, Exelon,

Eaton/CYME, Delta Star, encoord, Washington State University (WSU), Clemson

3

Near-Term Reliability and Resilience Analysis

Shifts in the generation resource mix impact many facets of grid operation including dispatch, reserve margins, direction of power flow, power quality, etc.  The project activities include analyzing the reliability of the provision of power, and the grid’s resilience to recover from outages. Given the generation trends, existing grid architecture, and existing and near-term policies.

TBD

TBD

ENERGY STORAGE AND FLEXIBILITY

4

Federated Architecture for Secure and Transactive Distributed Energy Resource Management Solutions (FAST-DERMS)

The project team will design and develop an architecture, FAST-DERMS that can aggregate and manage a broad range of DERs (PV, storage, EV, flexible loads, CHP, and other distributed generators) across the grid for bulk system services.

NREL

LBNL

PNNL

ORNL

EPRI, Southern Company, ComEd, SDG&E, Entergy, NYPA, Centrica, Oracle, Iowa State University, and University of North Carolina – Charlotte

5

Citadels

This project will enable networked microgrids, and their component distributed energy resources (DER), to operate in a distributed manner using collaborative autonomy concepts implemented in an OpenFMB architecture.

PNNL

LLNL

ORNL

SNL

WSU, Electric Power Board of Chattanooga (EPB),  Commonwealth Edison (ComEd),

Open Energy System Inc. (OES),

Avista Utilities, Duke Energy, City of Riverside Public Utilities, Entergy, Southern Company

6

Validation, Restoration and Black Start Testing of Sensing, Controls and DER Technologies at Plum Island

The Plum Island project will transform black start with DER and Storage, from foundational research based demonstrations, to a viable method for restarting and restoring the bulk power system after critical outages  - dramatically increasing the toolbox for operators in the face of both physical and cyber incidents

LLNL

PNNL

INL

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Department of Homeland Security,

Southern Co, EPB, DTE Electric, American Electric Power, Rochester Power Utilities, 

EPRI, OSISoft, UIUC

7

Multi-Port Modular Medium-Voltage (M3) Transactive Power Electronics Energy Hub

This project will continue to develop the advance smart power electronics hardware and software interfaces for grid applications.  The project team will design and develop and demonstrate direct grid connect Medium Voltage (upto 13.8 kV) Multiport power electronics “energy hub”.

ORNL

NETL

NREL

PNNL

Microchip, Semikron, Power America, FlexPower, Southern Company, NRECA, CURENT (Univ. of Tenn. Knoxville, NCSU

8

Grid Services, Energy Services Interfaces & Grid Connected Devices

The project team will work with industry to define common framework to represent grid services & develop standardized ESI specification to simplify DER integration.

LBNL

PNNL

NREL

ORNL

ANL

Southern California Edison, SMUD, Exelon (PECO, PSE&G & ComEd), South Eastern Utilities, Duke, TVA, Avista

Clean Power Alliance, Sonoma Clean Power, Lancaster,

SEPA, NIST, OpenADR Alliance, EPRI, NRECA, AHAM

IEEE, ASHRAE, SAE,

CPUC, CEC, NARUC, FERC, CAISO, PJM, ERCOT, Olivine, Intwine Connect, Eaton, Honeywell, Siemens, EP&A, Enlighted, Johnson Controls, Ford Motor Co., Emerson, Carrier, Rheem, Amzur Technologies, Ecogy Energy, Dig-y-sol, DERNetSoft, Chargepoint, Green Lots, Stem, SkyCentric

ADVANCED SENSORS AND DATA ANALYTICS

9

Incipient Failure Identification for Common Grid Asset Classes

This project will operationalize a multi- variate, multi-modal approach to diagnose and prescribe remediation pathways for both short term but critical failures locally and incipient growing problems centrally in commonly utilized equipment throughout the country.

LLNL

NETL

ORNL

SNL

OSISoft,

EPRI,

SCE,

Texas A & M University

10

GridSweeper: Frequency Response of Bulk Low-Inertia Grids

The project team will create a new class of measuring instrument that reveals subtle dynamics of bulk grids.  Probes inject a tiny signal and analyzes the response with ultra-high precision, applying novel devices and techniques.

LBNL

LLNL

PNNL

McEachern Laboratories Inc., Idaho Power, Hawaiian Electric Co.

INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT

11

Foundational Assistance to ISO/RTOs under Electricity Market Transformation

ISOs and RTOs face numerous challenges in maintaining reliability, resiliency, and affordability in an evolving power system. This project will leverage the advanced methods, tools, datasets and resources of the national labs and industry/academic partners to provided robust analytical support to address ISO/RTO-identified challenges.

ANL

LBNL

NREL

EPRI,

Johns Hopkins University

12

State Technical Assistance to Public Utility Commissions

The project team will deliver in-depth technical assistance to 10-20 state public utility commissions for 1-2 year durations on any topic that can meaningfully and substantively support their grid modernization or energy infrastructure initiatives using a proactive-annual solicitation process. 

LBNL

PNNL

NREL

ANL

ORNL

NARUC, RAP, E3

13

Future Electric Utility Regulation

This project will provide decision-makers with access to high-quality and impartial analyses, case studies, and decision-support tools to enlist utilities and customers as partners in grid modernization and consider alternative regulatory approaches.

LBNL

NREL

NARUC, NRRI, Michigan State University Institute of Public Utilities

14

Integrated Distribution System Planning:
Education, Training and Assistance

This project will provide education, training and direct technical assistance (TA) to state public utility commissions, state energy offices, state utility consumer representatives, regional entities, and other decision-makers on best practices in integrated distribution system planning and grid modernization strategies to improve reliability, resilience and electricity affordability throughout the electricity system

LBNL

PNNL

NREL

LLNL

NARUC, NASEO, NASUCA, regional organizations (e.g., Southeastern Organization of Regulatory Utility Commissioners, Western Interstate Energy Board, Organization of MISO States, New England Conference of Public Utility Commissioners), Puerto Rico Energy Bureau, and others (e.g., NGA and NCSL)

15

Technical Assistance: Grid-interactive Efficient Buildings

In partnership with NASEO and NARUC, this project team will provide direct technical assistance to state energy offices (SEOs) and public utility commissions (PUCs) to advance buildings that can provide grid services through demand flexibility — using distributed energy resources (DERs) to reduce, shed, shift, modulate and generate electricity. DOE’s Grid-Interactive Efficient Buildings initiative envisions a future in which buildings operate dynamically with the bulk power system and distribution grid to make electricity more affordable and integrate DERs while meeting the needs of building occupants.

LBNL

NREL

PNNL

NASEO, NARUC

CYBER-PHYSICAL SECURITY

16

Firmware Command and Control

This project will create an agile embedded response capability foundational with baselined firmware and behaviors with bi-directional sharing of threat to upstream energy security operations.

INL

ANL

SNL

NREL

Southern California Edison, Detroit Edison, Eaton, Forescout, New Context; Oakland University, Naval Post-Graduate School; Purdue

17

Byzantine Security

The project team will utilize M-BFT combined with ML/AI methods to ensure that the bulk power system including protective relays and associated substation and control center systems are able to perform intrusion tolerant operations. The novel architecture and software will also detect compromised systems.

PNNL

SNL

LBNL

Johns Hopkins University,

ABB, GE, SEL, WAPA, PNM, HECO

18

Digital Twin Reinforcement Learning

The project team will develop new artificial intelligence (AI) deep reinforcement learning (DRL) approaches that will use operational technology/distributed energy resources network and targeted physical process data to detect sophisticated, previously unknown threats and deploy appropriate response actions.

LLNL

INL

ORNL

SNL

SCE, EPB, SEL,

University of Toledo

19

Blockchain for Optimized Security and Energy Management (BLOSEM)

This project team will develop cross-sector guidance, standardized metrics, and testing environments for technology maturation of novel blockchain-based concepts for device security, secure communications, & grid resilience.

NETL

NREL

AMES

PNNL

SLAC

EPRI, UBIG, Hitachi, Exelon, IEEE Blockchain Working Group, Southern California Edison, Energy Web Foundation,

20

Deep Learning Malware

The project team will be using guided learning and reinforcement training techniques for deep analysis of reverse engineered malware to enable similarity analysis and prediction on next malware evolution focused on the adversary tactics modeled for defense actions.

INL

BNL

LLNL

New York Power Authority, Southern California Edison, Splunk

GENERATION

21

Clusters of Flexible PV-Wind-Storage Hybrid Generation (FlexPower)

This project team will be pioneering an approach to demonstrate how technology hybridization can leverage the value of utility-scale wind and PV generation from being simple variable-energy resources to ones that provide ability to dispatch and a full range of reliability services to the bulk power system.

NREL

INL

SNL

General Electric, First Solar, CAISO, E,RCOT, National Grid, AEMO,

SMA, Vestas, SEL

University of Denver, DTU, University of Aalborg

22

Vulnerability of Power Generation Critical Systems Against Electromagnetic Threats

This project will conduct an experimental evaluation of physical security in the electric generation infrastructure against electromagnetic threats/attacks, both large-scale and localized.

ORNL

LLNL

TVA, Exelon, University of Tennessee

23

Water Risk for the Bulk Power System: Asset to Grid Impacts

This project aims to improve the reliability and resilience of the power sector by enabling utilities to evaluate impacts and risks associated with water resources. We will create an analysis platform that can provide environmental and economic benefits by aiding short-term operational and long-term investment decisions.

NREL

SNL

NETL

ORNL

 

EPRI, CUNY, TVA, WECC, ERCOT, NYISO, MISO