University Highlights

You are here

April 22, 2019
Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning Accelerate Efforts to Develop Clean, Virtually Limitless Fusion Energy
Nuclear fusion power delivered by magnetic confinement tokamak reactors carries the promise of sustainable and clean energy for the future.
April 19, 2019
Slow Charge Generation Plays Big Role in Model Material for Solar Cells
To design molecular solar cells, sensors, etc., researchers need to know how light creates electricity on an atomic scale. This isn’t easy
April 18, 2019
Driving Chemical Reactions by Remote Control
Some chemical bonds are tough to re-arrange because it’s hard to access them. This aligns with the conventional wisdom that to make and break
April 18, 2019
Capturing Energy Flow in a Plasma by Measuring Scattered Light
In diverse fields of plasma physics including astrophysics, inertial confinement fusion, and magnetohydrodynamics, classical thermal transport (for
April 18, 2019
Sea Quark Spin Surprise!
Since the 1980s, scientists have known that quark and antiquark spins within a proton account for, at best, a quarter of the overall proton spin.
April 17, 2019
The Weak Side of the Proton
The weak force’s effects can be observed in our everyday world: it initiates the chain of reactions that power the sun, and it provides a
April 15, 2019
Fast-Moving Pairs May Solve 35-Year-Old Mystery
The European Muon Collaboration discovered the EMC Effect in data taken at CERN. The collaboration found that quarks inside a nucleus appeared
April 15, 2019
Team Takes Fluoride from Taps and Toothpaste to Batteries
Researchers discovered a new liquid electrolyte named BTFE. The electrolyte could replace the molten salt currently used in fluoride-based
April 12, 2019
Magnetic Levitation of Ultracold Neutrons Yields New Measurement of the Neutron Lifetime
To measure the neutron lifetime, the experiment used ultracold neutrons from the Los Alamos National Laboratory ultracold neutron source, currently
April 9, 2019
New Molecular Blueprint Aids Study of Photosynthesis
Discovered decades ago, a large protein complex called NAD(P)H dehydrogenase-like complex (NDH) helps regulate the steps of photosynthesis where
April 9, 2019
Catching Fast Changes in Excited Molecules
Scientists often employ nonlinear spectroscopies in the optical, infrared, and radiofrequency regimes to probe ultrafast molecular dynamics and
April 8, 2019
Strain and Defects Grow in Tiny Magnetite Crystals When Oxidized
Solid-water interfaces are primary sites for physiochemical phenomena in natural and technological systems, especially for reactions that occur at
April 8, 2019
A New View on a Very Old Problem: Evolution of the Photochemical Reaction Centers
All available evidence supports the hypothesis that the reaction center, the pigment-protein complex that uses light to produce chemicals that
March 21, 2019
How Does Mother Nature Tackle the Tough Triple Bond Found in Nitrogen?
For every molecule of nitrogen transformed to ammonia, nitrogenase makes at least one molecule of hydrogen (H2), which has been a
March 21, 2019
A Detailed View of the Ancestor of Photosynthesis
By studying photosynthesis, scientists can uncover key details about how organisms use light to drive their metabolism. This fundamental
March 21, 2019
Some Bacteria Make a Big Difference in Dryland Wheat Farming
Researchers set out to discover the mechanisms that control the accumulation of PCA under dryland conditions. Led by Melissa LeTourneau, an Office
March 14, 2019
Sampling Guts of Live Moose to Understand How They Break Down Biomass
While previous studies used hunter-killed animals, this study sampled live free-ranging Alaska moose grazing in the wild. By equipping these moose
March 14, 2019
How Injected Microbes Persist in Hydraulically Fractured Shale
The team re-created a shale microbial community in the laboratory. This allowed them to measure microbial activity and fluid chemistry under
March 14, 2019
Fitting a Square Peg in a Round Hole: The Surprising Structure of Uranium Bound in Hematite
While scientists have been studying the binding of uranium to iron-bearing minerals for some time using X-ray spectroscopy, different researchers
March 8, 2019
Unique Interface and Unexpected Behavior Help Explain How Heavy Metals Act
Solvent extraction, the go-to technology for reprocessing nuclear waste or refining rare earths and precious metals, involves the preferential
March 4, 2019
To Grow or Not to Grow? That Is the Question for Plants
Regardless of what crops they are growing, farmers want to increase the yields and reduce the use of costly pesticides. Using less of such
March 4, 2019
Forming the Ion that Made the Universe
Scientists have figured out additional ways that the trihydrogen cation, H3+, the most abundant ion in the universe, is
March 1, 2019
Seeing Coherent Patterns at the Microscopic Scale
In the world around us, it’s easy to see orders and patterns, such as the collective movement of a flock of birds. These patterns, or
March 1, 2019
Squeezed Quantum Dots Produce More Stable Light
Modern synthesis techniques produce nearly ideal quantum-dot light emitters, which are used in quantum-dot displays and TV sets. But what if a
March 1, 2019
Ions on the Edge
Although working with ionic solutions is common in synthesis, separations, and subsurface science, how the ions change their environment and, in