Each year, scientists with the Office of Science, at our national laboratories, and supported by the Office of Science at the nation’s colleges and universities, publish thousands of research findings in the scientific literature. About 200 of these are selected annually by their respective program areas in the Office of Science as publication highlights of special note.

For the archive of past publication highlights, click here.

March 24, 2023

Signs of Gluon Saturation Emerge from Particle Collisions

Suppression of a telltale sign of quark-gluon interactions indicates gluon recombination in dense walls of gluons.

March 22, 2023

New Type of Entanglement Lets Scientists ‘See’ Inside Nuclei

Quantum interference between dissimilar particles offers new approach for mapping gluons in nuclei, and potentially harnessing entanglement.

March 20, 2023

Imaging the Proton with Neutrinos

The MINERvA experiment in the NuMI beam at Fermilab has made the first accurate image of the proton using neutrinos instead of light as the probe.

March 17, 2023

Scientists Find a Common Thread Linking Subatomic Color Glass Condensate and Massive Black Holes

Physicists show that black holes and dense state of gluons—the “glue” particles that hold nuclear matter together—share common features.

March 15, 2023

Resistance in Walls Can Cause Disruptive Energy Loss

Plasma simulations, theory, and comparison with experiment show that resistive wall tearing mode can cause energy loss in tokamaks.

March 13, 2023

Deep Forest Soils Lose Carbon under Experimental Warming

Experiment shows that even large, old, and presumably stable stores of soil carbon are vulnerable to warming and could amplify climate change.

March 10, 2023

Bio-Mining Fool’s Gold

Understanding how methanogenic bacteria can “bio-mine” minerals advances biotechnology and helps scientists understand the Earth’s geological history.

March 8, 2023

Hitting Nuclei with Light May Create Fluid Primordial Matter

Theorists' hydrodynamic flow calculations accurately describe data from collisions of photons with lead nuclei at the ATLAS experiment.

March 6, 2023

Metal Contamination Causes Metabolic Stress in Environmental Bacteria

The mixed metal waste common to industrial dumping sites causes metabolic stress in bacterial iron metabolism that cannot be explained by additive single metal exposure.

March 3, 2023

Oxide Interfaces Put New Twist on Electron Spins

Interfaces made by stacking certain complex oxide materials can tune the quantum interactions between electrons, yielding exotic spin textures.