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April 28, 2017
Groundwater Flow Is  Key for Modeling the Global Water Cycle
Groundwater Flow Is Key for Modeling the Global Water Cycle
Using integrated hydrologic simulations that couple vegetation and land energy processes with surface and subsurface hydrology, the researchers
April 27, 2017
Plasma Turbulence  Generates Flow in Fusion Reactors
Plasma Turbulence Generates Flow in Fusion Reactors
New measurements and simulations of plasma rotation in DIII-D National Fusion Facility, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science user facility
March 13, 2017
Modeling the “Flicker” of Gluons in Subatomic Smashups
Modeling the “Flicker” of Gluons in Subatomic Smashups
Experimental results from RHIC and the LHC suggest that protons are much more complex than a simple arrangement of three quarks held together by
March 13, 2017
Rare Nickel Atom Has “Doubly  Magic” Structure
Rare Nickel Atom Has “Doubly Magic” Structure
Using the supercomputer Titan at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, scientists performed first-principles computations of the structure of 78
February 16, 2017
Unlocking Peptide  Potential
Unlocking Peptide Potential
Most drugs currently approved for humans are either large proteins or small molecules. Between these two size categories are peptides. Peptides are
February 1, 2017
First Light Shines in Instrument Designed to Solve the Neutrino Controversy
First Light Shines in Instrument Designed to Solve the Neutrino Controversy
The KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino mass (KATRIN) project can measure neutrino mass by a very careful determination of the electron spectrum emitted by
January 26, 2017
More Steps, Faster  Results
More Steps, Faster Results
For semi-rigid molecules at low energies, the well-established normal mode approximation gives a basic understanding of molecular vibrations and
January 23, 2017
Supercomputers for  Quantum Computers
Supercomputers for Quantum Computers
One of the leading methods for creating qubits involves exploiting specific structural atomic defects in diamonds. Using diamonds is both
January 1, 2017
Ion–Electron  Collisions Can Heal Material Defects
Ion–Electron Collisions Can Heal Material Defects
Typically, exposure of a material to energetic particles, such as ions or neutrons, creates many defects that result in damage to the structure.
November 30, 2016
Giving Friction the Slip with New Carbon  Films
Giving Friction the Slip with New Carbon Films
Tribology—the study of friction, wear, and lubrication—is critical to the efficiency and durability of engines and other moving metal
November 22, 2016
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Re-Energizing the Lithium-Ion Battery
In recent years, lithium-ion batteries have saturated the electronics market due to their widespread use in cell phones, laptop computers, and
September 9, 2016
Busted: Revealing Mismatches in MJO Modeling
Busted: Revealing Mismatches in MJO Modeling
The Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) is the largest element of the intraseasonal (30–90 day) variability in the tropical atmosphere.
August 26, 2016
New Math Captures Fluids in Unprecedented Detail
New Math Captures Fluids in Unprecedented Detail
Navier-Stokes equations, a set of equations that predict how fluids flow, are used everywhere from special effects in movies to industrial research
July 26, 2016
A New Family Member for 2D Nanomaterials
A New Family Member for 2D Nanomaterials
Scientists created a new form of hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites in atomically thin 2D sheets. These hybrid perovskites have shown promise as
July 26, 2016
Battery with a Built-in Bouncer
Only the Good Shall Pass: Battery with a Built-in Bouncer
The membrane separators in-between the electrodes of a redox-flow battery must allow the working ion to shuttle between the electrodes while
July 26, 2016
Graphene Rewrites the Rules of Engagement
Graphene Rewrites the Rules of Engagement
Silicon has been successful because it is an electronically tunable semiconductor material that can be used in electronic devices. Graphene has
July 25, 2016
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It's a Bird, It's a Plane, It's Super-ion Building Blocks
Solar cell performance of hybrid perovskites has improved from under 4% efficiency in 2009 to over 20% efficiency today. However, perovskite
July 1, 2016
LED Lighting May Now Shine  Brighter
LED Lighting May Now Shine Brighter
The presence of defects in semiconductor materials, such as the missing gallium atoms in the image, were known to drastically decrease the light
June 30, 2016
Closing the Loop: Ionic Liquids from Biomass Waste Could Pretreat Plants Destined for Biofuels
Closing the Loop: Ionic Liquids from Biomass Waste Could Pretreat Plants Destined for Biofuels
Researchers, led by those from the U.S. Department of Energy Joint BioEnergy Institute, sought to decrease the cost of ILs by synthesizing them
June 20, 2016
Water Gunks Up Biofuels Production from Bio-Oils
Water Gunks Up Biofuels Production from Bio-Oils
Various catalysts can be used in the hydrodeoxygenation process, which removes oxygen-containing compounds or oxygenates, but the best catalysts
June 9, 2016
Taking on the Heat in Solar Cells: New Calculations Show Atomic Vibrations Hurt Efficiency
Taking on the Heat in Solar Cells: New Calculations Show Atomic Vibrations Hurt Efficiency
When sunlight is absorbed in a solar cell, negatively charged electrons and positively charged holes are created which in turn drive electrical
June 9, 2016
Towards Eco-friendly Industrial-Scale Hydrogen Production
Towards Eco-friendly Industrial-Scale Hydrogen Production
Molecular hydrogen (H2) is an eco-friendly fuel because only waste water is produced when it is burned in combustion engines or used in
June 7, 2016
Tiny Droplets… Lead to Exotic Properties
Tiny Droplets… Lead to Exotic Properties
Biology uses stress, defects, molecular configuration (for example, handedness), and hierarchical design strategies to assemble and/or create a
June 7, 2016
Atomic Sculpting with a Microscope
Atomic Sculpting with a Microscope
3D printing has revolutionized the way we can make and design materials. Now a team led by scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has added
June 6, 2016
Understanding and Predicting Self-Assembly
Understanding and Predicting Self-Assembly
Scientists aspire to build nanostructures that mimic the complexity and function of nature’s proteins, but are made of durable and synthetic