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December 19, 2017
Neutron Star Mergers Create Heavy Elements
Neutron Star Mergers Create Heavy Elements
GW170817 was the first gravitational wave detection involving objects with masses typical of neutron stars. Gamma-rays from it were observed by the
December 12, 2017
Is There Structure in Glass Disorder?
Is There Structure in Glass Disorder?
Bulk metallic glasses are a class of metals that lack an ordered crystalline structure. This feature leads to unique properties, but it also
December 12, 2017
Bending a New Tool for Low Power Computing
Bending a New Tool for Low Power Computing
A future type of energy-efficient electronics is called spintronics. A challenge in spintronics is tuning how spins move to create current, called
October 2, 2017
Speeding Materials Discovery Puts Solar Fuels on the Fast Track to Commercial Viability
Speeding Materials Discovery Puts Solar Fuels on the Fast Track to Commercial Viability
Pure hydrogen is highly flammable, making it an ideal fuel. If you could find a way to extract that hydrogen from water using sunlight, then, you
September 7, 2017
First Look at a Living  Cell Membrane
First Look at a Living Cell Membrane
Examining a living cellular membrane has remained an unsolved challenge up to this point due to the dynamic, chemically diverse, and fragile nature
August 18, 2017
Avoiding Disruptions  that Halt Fusion Reactions
Avoiding Disruptions that Halt Fusion Reactions
The tokamak is an efficient design for confining superheated plasmas with magnetic fields because much of the magnetic field is produced by
August 18, 2017
Extreme-Scale Code  Models Extremely Hot Plasma to Explain Spontaneous Transition
Extreme-Scale Code Models Extremely Hot Plasma to Explain Spontaneous Transition
To achieve its goal, ITER’s core ion temperature must be around 15 keV, or over 10 times hotter than in the core of the sun. At the same time
August 14, 2017
Physicists Move Closer to Listening In  on Sub-Atomic Conversation
Physicists Move Closer to Listening In on Sub-Atomic Conversation
Much like two friendly neighbors getting together to chat over a cup of coffee, the minuscule particles in our subatomic world also come together
April 28, 2017
Groundwater Flow Is  Key for Modeling the Global Water Cycle
Groundwater Flow Is Key for Modeling the Global Water Cycle
Using integrated hydrologic simulations that couple vegetation and land energy processes with surface and subsurface hydrology, the researchers
April 27, 2017
Plasma Turbulence  Generates Flow in Fusion Reactors
Plasma Turbulence Generates Flow in Fusion Reactors
New measurements and simulations of plasma rotation in DIII-D National Fusion Facility, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science user facility
March 13, 2017
Modeling the “Flicker” of Gluons in Subatomic Smashups
Modeling the “Flicker” of Gluons in Subatomic Smashups
Experimental results from RHIC and the LHC suggest that protons are much more complex than a simple arrangement of three quarks held together by
March 13, 2017
Rare Nickel Atom Has “Doubly  Magic” Structure
Rare Nickel Atom Has “Doubly Magic” Structure
Using the supercomputer Titan at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, scientists performed first-principles computations of the structure of 78
February 16, 2017
Unlocking Peptide  Potential
Unlocking Peptide Potential
Most drugs currently approved for humans are either large proteins or small molecules. Between these two size categories are peptides. Peptides are
February 1, 2017
First Light Shines in Instrument Designed to Solve the Neutrino Controversy
First Light Shines in Instrument Designed to Solve the Neutrino Controversy
The KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino mass (KATRIN) project can measure neutrino mass by a very careful determination of the electron spectrum emitted by
January 26, 2017
More Steps, Faster  Results
More Steps, Faster Results
For semi-rigid molecules at low energies, the well-established normal mode approximation gives a basic understanding of molecular vibrations and
January 23, 2017
Supercomputers for  Quantum Computers
Supercomputers for Quantum Computers
One of the leading methods for creating qubits involves exploiting specific structural atomic defects in diamonds. Using diamonds is both
January 1, 2017
Ion–Electron  Collisions Can Heal Material Defects
Ion–Electron Collisions Can Heal Material Defects
Typically, exposure of a material to energetic particles, such as ions or neutrons, creates many defects that result in damage to the structure.
November 30, 2016
Giving Friction the Slip with New Carbon  Films
Giving Friction the Slip with New Carbon Films
Tribology—the study of friction, wear, and lubrication—is critical to the efficiency and durability of engines and other moving metal
November 22, 2016
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Re-Energizing the Lithium-Ion Battery
In recent years, lithium-ion batteries have saturated the electronics market due to their widespread use in cell phones, laptop computers, and
September 9, 2016
Busted: Revealing Mismatches in MJO Modeling
Busted: Revealing Mismatches in MJO Modeling
The Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) is the largest element of the intraseasonal (30–90 day) variability in the tropical atmosphere.
August 26, 2016
New Math Captures Fluids in Unprecedented Detail
New Math Captures Fluids in Unprecedented Detail
Navier-Stokes equations, a set of equations that predict how fluids flow, are used everywhere from special effects in movies to industrial research
July 26, 2016
A New Family Member for 2D Nanomaterials
A New Family Member for 2D Nanomaterials
Scientists created a new form of hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites in atomically thin 2D sheets. These hybrid perovskites have shown promise as
July 26, 2016
Battery with a Built-in Bouncer
Only the Good Shall Pass: Battery with a Built-in Bouncer
The membrane separators in-between the electrodes of a redox-flow battery must allow the working ion to shuttle between the electrodes while
July 26, 2016
Graphene Rewrites the Rules of Engagement
Graphene Rewrites the Rules of Engagement
Silicon has been successful because it is an electronically tunable semiconductor material that can be used in electronic devices. Graphene has
July 25, 2016
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It's a Bird, It's a Plane, It's Super-ion Building Blocks
Solar cell performance of hybrid perovskites has improved from under 4% efficiency in 2009 to over 20% efficiency today. However, perovskite