Weather and Climate Disasters in the United States from 2016–2020
Events Costs Deaths
81  $616.5 billion 3,969
16.2 per year $123.3 billion per year 794 per year
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Overview.

Mitigation activities provide cost-effective strategies to reduce the impact of U.S. natural disaster loss. Over the past 25 years, public-sector investments in mitigation by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the U.S. Economic Development Administration, and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development have saved $6 per $1 spent, totaling $160 billion in savings that would have otherwise been spent on losses from natural disasters.

As the force and frequency of major natural disasters have increased, so have the federal, state, local, and tribal costs of recovery from these natural disasters. Therefore, it is important to invest in both energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies as a complement to building resilient communities that can mitigate natural disasters. 

By leveraging federal funding that supports both pre- and post-disaster mitigation, users can utilize a combination of programs to strengthen long-term resiliency goals and advance energy infrastructure. 

This interactive matrix compiled by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is a list of selected federal financial assistance programs that are available to assist state and local, tribal and territorial governments in natural hazard mitigation and energy resilience activities.2 

The funding information can be sorted by the following categories: 

  • The sponsoring federal organization
  • The type of financial assistance (e.g., grant, loan, or cooperative agreement)
  • Eligible recipients (e.g., government entity, nonprofit, or for-profit corporation)
  • Disaster declaration required. 

For other federal resilience resources please visit the Resilience in the Public Sector web page.

Mitigation and Resilience Federal Funding

Who Can Apply
Funding Assistance
Disaster Declaration Required

1Mitigation Saves: Mitigation Saves up to $13 per $1 Invested

2Publicly available information was compiled by DOE and reviewed through a voluntary interagency working group (Mitigation Framework Leadership Group) led by FEMA. This is not a comprehensive account of resources available across the federal government.